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Global Threat Reduction Initiative Mobile Source Tracking Projects Presented by: Kurt Silvers, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.

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Presentation on theme: "Global Threat Reduction Initiative Mobile Source Tracking Projects Presented by: Kurt Silvers, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global Threat Reduction Initiative Mobile Source Tracking Projects Presented by: Kurt Silvers, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

2 Global Threat Reduction Initiative  Mission: Reduce and protect vulnerable nuclear and radiological material located at civilian sites worldwide  Goals:  Convert research reactors and isotope production facilities from HEU to LEU (permanent threat reduction)  Remove and dispose of excess nuclear and radiological materials (permanent threat reduction)  Protect high priority nuclear and radiological materials from theft and sabotage through a sustainable threat reduction model 2

3 Radioactive Materials of Concern and Common Uses Cs-137 (30 year half life): Blood, research, and sterilization irradiators; 1,000 – 50,000 Ci Co-60 (5 year half life): Teletherapy and Gamma Knife units (cancer treatment); 1,000 – 10,000 Ci, and panoramic irradiation (sterilization); 100,000 – 10,000,000 Ci Ir-192 (73 day half life): Brachytherapy (cancer treatment) and radiography (industrial imaging); 10 – 150 Ci Am-241 (432 year half life): Oil well-logging; 8 – 20 Ci 3

4 Principles of GTRI Security Enhancements Graded Approach Layered, target-out application, Tailored to response strategy, Based on material attractiveness. Alert and Notify Objective Prompt detection, Reliable notification, Timely response initiation. Insider Threat Mitigation Critical alarms, Continuously armed and supervised, Received by multiple individuals/locations. 4

5 Fixed Source Security Strategy Prompt Detection and Reliable Notification Extended Adversary Task Time Timely, Aware, Equipped, and Trained Response CONTAINMENT STRATEGY DETECTDELAYRESPOND 5

6 Mobile Source Operational Scenario Risk Insider Procedural Incompliance Insider Theft (Offsite storage and 3 RD party transport heightened risk) Insider Loss Insider Procedural Incompliance 6

7 Mobile Source Security Challenges Characteristics of Mobile DevicesSecurity Challenges Devices are portable and move from storage facilities, to transport vehicles, to job sites Transported and used across wide geographic areas Used at job site for varying lengths of time Used in harsh and sometimes remote locations Relatively small devices/containers Sources exposed instead of contained during operation Security extends beyond storage location Limited remote alarm notification and surveillance during transport and use Reliance on manual procedures and operator communication during transport and use Limited options for addressing “delay” Response jurisdictions can be difficult to determine Device location may be unfamiliar to responders Enhanced Security Considerations Tracking devices/containers and monitoring source presence Alarm communication methods and reliability (cellular/satellite) Power consumption (battery life) Limited space for sensor and communication components 7

8 Well Logging and Radiography Industry Engagement  Oil-Field Service Industry Partnership  Jointly developed “Security and Control of High- Activity Well Logging Sources Guidelines”  Addressed security of well logging sources in storage, in transit and in use at drill sites  Industrial Radiography Security Initiative  Partnership between GTRI, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Non-Destructive Testing Management Association, and individual radiography licensees  Outreach venue to raise risk/threat awareness and to discuss approaches to training and security upgrades  Mobile Source Tracking  In 2012, GTRI met with representatives from each industry to discuss the status of their internal mobile source tracking efforts  Options for supporting these efforts were considered 8

9 GTRI Mobile Source Tracking Projects In 2013, GTRI funded the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) to work with well logging and radiography industry partners and other commercial product developers to design and develop an enhanced mobile radiation source tracking system for the well logging and radiography industries. Mobile radioactive source tracking and reporting system Security Operations management Improve Develop Leverage available commercial off-the-shelf technologies where possible Focus solution towards a low cost system with minimal maintenance and low operational impact Design system to be technology transferred for commercial production and sale Design Considerations Theft Loss Inventory Status Procedural Compliance 9

10 Cs137 Am241Be Communication Links Master Control Unit (MCU) BLE 4.0 Web browser Telematics (Tele)Handheld eTag Active RF tag Adhered to logging shields (2) and calibration shields (2) Item Status Source Information Tamper Detection System Controller Source/Radiation Detection Radiation Sensor Source Information eTag Presence Tamper Detection Alarms Location (GPS) Satellite Communications Local Control User Interface Base Station Application Software User Interface Alarms Source Information Location x4x4 Bluetooth BLE Globalstar Bluetooth MCU wired to vehicle power MCU antenna wire Satellite data Cloud Well Logging – Radioactive Source Tracking System Calibration Source 1 &2 MCU Base Station PC PNNL TeleUser Development Teams PNNL Tele User Application Software User Telematics MCU Mobile Alert Base Station Alert PC Display Representation ! ! ! ALARM ! ! !

11 Approve Source Usage Vault Source Checkout and Loading In Transit In Use Well Offsite Storage Down Well Well Logging Land Based Source Usage: Overview System Controls and Notifications Checkout Default Run Mode Configuration Authorized User System Configuration System Validates Checkout and Load MCU Monitoring Presence of shield eTags Radiation Detection System Tamper Geo-fence* Alerts/Alarms Messages sent to multiple users Electronic inventory management In Use Alarms Alarm will be generated after a pre-determined amount of time elapses and the source is not checked in. Procedural efforts have to be made to determine the frequency for which sources have to be checked in. *Not currently in scope Source Checkout and Loading Return to Vault 11

12 Well Logging Tracking System Development Process Timeline Phase I: Preliminary Design and Engineering Units Phase II: Critical Design and Prototype Units Phase III: Technology Transfer, Manufacturing, and Deployment 5/1312/13 12/14 4/15 Deliverables Conceptual Design Requirements Defined Preliminary Design Engineering Units Prototype Units  Prototype Pilot:  Detailed Design:  Device Verify and Validation:  Critical Design:  Technology Transfer:  Low Rate Initial Production:  Manufacturing Approval: Schedule Title 2-Sept Oct Nov Dec Feb Mar Apr-15 12

13 Communication Links PM-Box Telematics (Tele) PM-Tag Active RF tag integrated into handle Source/Radiation Detection Radiation Sensor Source Information Tamper Detection Alarms Storage and Communications Relay Device Presence Tamper Detection Communication Links PM-Tag Battery Charger Location (GPS) Cellular Communications Optional Satellite Communications Base Station Application Software User Interface Alarms Source Information Location Bluetooth BLEwired Cellular data Radiography – Radioactive Source Monitoring System Overview Base Station PC PNNL TeleUser Development Teams PNNL Tele User Application Software User Telematics Mobile Status/Alarms Tele protocol Range: 300 ft Wire to truck power Wire to existing telematics RF Antenna Cellular Antenna Integrated into packaging Mobile Alert Base Station Alert PC Display Representation ! ! ! ALARM ! ! ! Cloud

14 Approve Source Usage Vault Source Checkout and Loading In Transit In Use Offsite Storage Out of Range Radiography Source Usage: Overview System Controls and Notifications Checkout Default Run Mode Configuration System Validates Checkout PM-Tag Monitoring Presence of source Radiation Detection System Tamper Storage in PM-Box Detection Alerts/Alarms Messages sent to multiple users Electronic inventory management Out of Range Alarms Alarm would trigger after a determined amount of time has elapsed and the camera was not returned within range of the truck. Source Checkout and Loading Return to Vault 14

15 Radiography Tracking System Development Process Timeline Phase I: Preliminary Design and Engineering Units Phase II: Critical Design and Prototype Units Phase III: Technology Transfer, Manufacturing, and Deployment 5/132/14 1/15 6/15 Deliverables Conceptual Design Requirements Defined Preliminary Design Engineering Units  Prototype Units:  Prototype Pilot:  Detailed Design:  Device Verify and Validation:  Critical Design: ScheduleTitle 26-Jun Jul Aug Dec-14 7-Jan Mar May Jun-15  Technology Transfer:  Low Rate Initial Production:  Manufacturing Approval: 15

16 System Benefits & Limitations Benefits  Timely notification of potential security incident  More accurate locational data to target response/search area  Insider threat detection  Procedural compliance assurance  Electronic inventory management Limitations  Cannot track individual sealed sources independent of their container 1  Base system cannot continuously track devices/containers outside of RF range 2  Size and cost of satellite communication technology  Cellular communication coverage and cost  Power consumption 16 1 Evaluating ability to monitor well logging Am241Be source while down well. 2 Cellular-based tracking of individual radiography cameras may be implemented as a system option, but will increase unit costs and service fees.

17 Future Activities  Well Logging  Design modifications to support additional use cases (e.g. 3 rd party transport in over pack)  License technology to additional telematics or security system vendors  Radiography  Provide engineering support and license technology to additional radiography device manufacturers, telematics or security system vendors  General  Maintain product testing and standards compliance evaluation services  Monitor cellular/satellite communications and battery technologies and work with vendors to incorporate enhanced technologies as they become viable 17

18 GTRI Contacts Please contact us if you have developed/deployed a similar system and would like to share lessons learned or collaborate, or if you are interested in the NNSA/PNNL developed technology once it becomes commercially available: Ioanna Iliopulos Office Director North and South American Threat Reduction DOE/NNSA/GTRI Kurt Silvers Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

19 Questions? 19


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