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International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Air Transport Bureau (ATB) Aviation Security and Facilitation Specifications and Guidance Material (SGM)

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Presentation on theme: "International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Air Transport Bureau (ATB) Aviation Security and Facilitation Specifications and Guidance Material (SGM)"— Presentation transcript:

1 International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) Air Transport Bureau (ATB) Aviation Security and Facilitation Specifications and Guidance Material (SGM) Section LAGs and STEBs … New security concern

2 ©SGM/DRA UK Plot, 9 August 2006UK Plot, 9 August 2006 Acetone peroxide liquid explosivesAcetone peroxide liquid explosives High detonation powerHigh detonation power Threat already knownThreat already known What is new: Hidden in common containers (bottles)Hidden in common containers (bottles) Difficult to detectDifficult to detect Multiple targetsMultiple targets Devastating consequencesDevastating consequences Elevated level of riskElevated level of risk Why?Why?

3 ©SGM/DRA Immediate ban of liquids for departing passengersImmediate ban of liquids for departing passengers EC RegulationEC Regulation 4 October October 2006 ICAO State LettersICAO State Letters 1 December December March March July July 2007 EC RegulationEC Regulation 31 July July 2007 What reaction?

4 ©SGM/DRA EC Regulation, 4 October 2006EC Regulation, 4 October 2006 (EC N°1546/2006 amendment to EC N°622/2003) 100 ml ban on departing passengers100 ml ban on departing passengers Use of one litre transparent plastic bag (Ziploc type)Use of one litre transparent plastic bag (Ziploc type) Confiscation of duty free liquids purchased outside EU at transferConfiscation of duty free liquids purchased outside EU at transfer Use of tamper-evident bags for liquids purchased within EUUse of tamper-evident bags for liquids purchased within EU What reaction?

5 ©SGM/DRA ICAO State Letter, 1 December 2006ICAO State Letter, 1 December 2006 (AS 8/11-06/100 Confidential) Confirmation of the 100 ml ban for departing passengersConfirmation of the 100 ml ban for departing passengers Use of one litre transparent bags (Ziploc) for departing passengersUse of one litre transparent bags (Ziploc) for departing passengers Use of tamper-evident bags and proof of purchase for duty free liquidsUse of tamper-evident bags and proof of purchase for duty free liquids No confiscation proposed on transferNo confiscation proposed on transfer Some exemptions proposed for medications, baby foods, etc …Some exemptions proposed for medications, baby foods, etc … What reaction?

6 ©SGM/DRA ICAO State Letter, 30 March 2007ICAO State Letter, 30 March 2007 (AS 8/11-07/26 Confidential) Definition of LAGs (liquids, aerosols and gels)Definition of LAGs (liquids, aerosols and gels) Definition of the exemptionsDefinition of the exemptions Specifications for Security Tamper Evident Bags (STEBs)Specifications for Security Tamper Evident Bags (STEBs) Template of ICAO STEBsTemplate of ICAO STEBs Security considerations for STEBs and LAGsSecurity considerations for STEBs and LAGs What reaction?

7 ©SGM/DRA ICAO State Letter, 6 July 2007ICAO State Letter, 6 July 2007 (AS 8/11-07/53 Confidential) Definition of the Supply Chain Security for LAGs and STEBsDefinition of the Supply Chain Security for LAGs and STEBs Security principles applicable for LAGs and STEBs suppliersSecurity principles applicable for LAGs and STEBs suppliers Validation process amongst States for facilitating transfer of LAGsValidation process amongst States for facilitating transfer of LAGs What reaction?

8 ©SGM/DRA EC Regulation, 31 July 2007EC Regulation, 31 July 2007 (EC N°915/2007 amendment to EC N°622/2003) Supply Chain SecuritySupply Chain Security Use of ICAO STEBsUse of ICAO STEBs Validation processValidation process Waiver for confiscationWaiver for confiscation Full consistency with the ICAO State LettersFull consistency with the ICAO State Letters What reaction?

9 ©SGM/DRA Are we doing the right things? Liquid Threat 100 ml ban Control on LAGs STEBs Validation process R&D technology

10 ©SGM/DRA List of LAGsList of LAGs Common drinksCommon drinks Common cosmetics, lotions, oils, perfumes, personal hygiene productsCommon cosmetics, lotions, oils, perfumes, personal hygiene products Food in sauces and/or saucesFood in sauces and/or sauces Contents of pressurized containersContents of pressurized containers 100 ml ban100 ml ban Very few 100 ml containers currently available in the marketVery few 100 ml containers currently available in the market The one litre transparent bag could only contain few itemsThe one litre transparent bag could only contain few items What are the difficulties?

11 ©SGM/DRA Enhanced security measuresEnhanced security measures Additional queues and delaysAdditional queues and delays Additional staff and trainingAdditional staff and training Additional expensesAdditional expenses Confiscation of LAGsConfiscation of LAGs Huge financial consequences for retailersHuge financial consequences for retailers Operational difficulties for removal and disposal of LAGs confiscatedOperational difficulties for removal and disposal of LAGs confiscated Inconvenience and financial impact for passengersInconvenience and financial impact for passengers What are the difficulties?

12 ©SGM/DRA Who are LAGs suppliers?Who are LAGs suppliers? Any airport entity selling LAGs to passengers (retailers, snack bars, etc …)Any airport entity selling LAGs to passengers (retailers, snack bars, etc …) Airlines for duty free sales on boardAirlines for duty free sales on board LAGs suppliers should have proper security systemLAGs suppliers should have proper security system Who could purchase STEBs?Who could purchase STEBs? STEBs are only delivered to authentic LAGs known suppliersSTEBs are only delivered to authentic LAGs known suppliers Not Airports (unless they are also LAGs suppliers)Not Airports (unless they are also LAGs suppliers) Who could produce STEBs?Who could produce STEBs? Approved manufacturers following ICAO’s specificationsApproved manufacturers following ICAO’s specifications What are the difficulties?

13 ©SGM/DRA Who approve LAGs and STEBs suppliers?Who approve LAGs and STEBs suppliers? LAGs suppliers are approved by the appropriate authorities of their State of originLAGs suppliers are approved by the appropriate authorities of their State of origin STEBs suppliers could be either approved by the appropriate authorities of their State of manufacture and/or the State of useSTEBs suppliers could be either approved by the appropriate authorities of their State of manufacture and/or the State of use What are the difficulties?

14 ©SGM/DRA Harmonized validation processes on a global basisHarmonized validation processes on a global basis New cost-effective detection technology for liquid explosivesNew cost-effective detection technology for liquid explosives Affordability of STEBs (not more than 50c/bag)Affordability of STEBs (not more than 50c/bag) Identification of the transfer of threats during multiple transfersIdentification of the transfer of threats during multiple transfers Risk accepted during transitional periodRisk accepted during transitional period What are the challenges?

15 ©SGM/DRA Deployment of new technological solutions on a worldwide basisDeployment of new technological solutions on a worldwide basis New standard in Annex 17 for global implementation and harmonizationNew standard in Annex 17 for global implementation and harmonization Use of technology on STEBs for security and facilitation purposesUse of technology on STEBs for security and facilitation purposes Duty free shops for LAGs at arrival to reduce burden at transfer pointsDuty free shops for LAGs at arrival to reduce burden at transfer points What could the future be?

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