Presentation on theme: "Vietnam War. Questions Why were the French involved in Vietnam? How did the Vietnamese view the French? What was the US position on the French rule in."— Presentation transcript:
Questions Why were the French involved in Vietnam? How did the Vietnamese view the French? What was the US position on the French rule in Vietnam? What role did Ho Chi Minh play? What did the Geneva Accords do?
Why was France involved in Vietnam? France was determined to bring Vietnam back into its quickly disappearing colonial empire – 1946 French cruisers bombed Haiphong, killing 6,000 civilians – Dien Bien Phu (end)
US position on French control FDR not in favor of French colonial desires Truman favored French involvement/helped control Soviet expansion 1946 Ho Chi Minh declares Vietnam independent from France and war begins
Ho Chi Minh Found communism when living in Paris Comes to Vietnam and fights with Vietminh against Japanese then French After WWII Ho Chi Minh announces the Democratic Republic of Vietnam General Giap
Ho Chi Minh
France in Vietnam 90,000 soldiers killed btwn Costly for France economically No sign of victory in sight Growing dissatisfaction within France among the public / No right to be there.
Geneva Accords (1) Vietnam would be divided at the 17th parallel; (2) North Vietnam would be ruled by Ho Chi Minh; (3) South Vietnam would be ruled by Ngo Dinh Diem, a strong opponent of communism;Ngo Dinh Diem (4) French troops would withdraw from Vietnam; (5) the Vietminh would withdraw from South Vietnam; (6) the Vietnamese could freely choose to live in the North or the South (7) a General Election for the whole of Vietnam would be held before July, 1956, under the supervision of an international commission