2Enduring questionsDid the Founding Fathers want the president to be stronger or weaker than Congress?How does character influence how the president does his job?Should we abolish the electoral college?
3Powers the president shares with the Senate Make treatiesAppoint ambassadors, judges, and high officials
4Powers the president shares with Congress as a whole Make lawsAdminister the lawsMake war
5War Powers Act (1973) (CRS report) CatalystProvisionsNotification of CongressCongressional actionAutomatic withdrawal after 60 days unlessDeclaration of warApproval of undeclared warLegislative veto within 60 daysExamplesAfghanistanIraq
6Structure of the executive branch White House OfficeChief of staff, counselor, press secretary, national security adviser, domestic policy adviser, Congressional liaisonExecutive Office of the PresidentCEA, NSC, OMBCabinet departmentsIndependent agencies
9Presidential success in Congress (Eisenhower – Obama) Source: Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, various years.
10Four presidential character types (James David Barber) PositiveNegativeActiveJeffersonT. RooseveltF. D. RooseveltTrumanKennedyLincolnWilsonHooverL. B. JohnsonNixonPassiveMadisonTaftHardingReaganClintonWashingtonCoolidgeEisenhowerGeorge H. W. BushGeorge W. Bush (2nd term)
12Presidential succession DeathNatural causesAssassinationResignationImpeachment & convictionAndrew JohnsonWilliam Jefferson Clinton
13Presidential disability 25th amendment:Catalyst:Provision:vice-president can now become “acting president” in cases of presidential disabilityThree scenarios:President initiates processPresident takes no actionPresident denies disability