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Chapter 10 The Presidency 1. 2 Enduring questions 1. Did the Founding Fathers want the president to be stronger or weaker than Congress? 2. How does character.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 The Presidency 1. 2 Enduring questions 1. Did the Founding Fathers want the president to be stronger or weaker than Congress? 2. How does character."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 10 The Presidency 1

2 2 Enduring questions 1. Did the Founding Fathers want the president to be stronger or weaker than Congress? 2. How does character influence how the president does his job? 3. Should we abolish the electoral college?

3 3 Powers the president shares with the Senate 1. Make treaties 2. Appoint ambassadors, judges, and high officials

4 4 Powers the president shares with Congress as a whole 1. Make laws 2. Administer the laws 3. Make war

5 5 War Powers Act (1973) (CRS report) (CRS report) Catalyst Provisions – Notification of Congress – Congressional action Automatic withdrawal after 60 days unless – Declaration of war – Approval of undeclared war Legislative veto within 60 days Examples – Afghanistan – Iraq

6 6 Structure of the executive branch 1. White House Office – Chief of staff, counselor, press secretary, national security adviser, domestic policy adviser, Congressional liaison 2. Executive Office of the President – CEA, NSC, OMB 3. Cabinet departments 4. Independent agencies

7 7 Presidential popularity (Truman – Nixon)

8 8 Presidential popularity (Ford - Obama)

9 Presidential success in Congress (Eisenhower – Obama) Source: Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, various years. 9

10 10 Four presidential character types (James David Barber) PositiveNegative Active 1.Jefferson 2.T. Roosevelt 3.F. D. Roosevelt 4.Truman 5.Kennedy 1.Lincoln 2.Wilson 3.Hoover 4.L. B. Johnson 5.Nixon Passive 1.Madison 2.Taft 3.Harding 4.Reagan 5.Clinton 1.Washington 2.Coolidge 3.Eisenhower 4.George H. W. Bush 5.George W. Bush (2 nd term)

11 C-Span historians’ presidential rankings (2009) 11

12 12 Presidential succession 1. Death Natural causes Assassination 2. Resignation 3. Impeachment & conviction Andrew Johnson William Jefferson Clinton

13 13 Presidential disability 25 th amendment: – Catalyst: – Provision: vice-president can now become “acting president” in cases of presidential disability Three scenarios: 1. President initiates process 2. President takes no action 3. President denies disability


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