2 Enduring questionsDid the Founding Fathers want the president to be stronger or weaker than Congress?How does character influence how the president does his job?Should we abolish the electoral college?
3 Powers the president shares with the Senate Make treatiesAppoint ambassadors, judges, and high officials
4 Powers the president shares with Congress as a whole Make lawsAdminister the lawsMake war
5 War Powers Act (1973) (CRS report) CatalystProvisionsNotification of CongressCongressional actionAutomatic withdrawal after 60 days unlessDeclaration of warApproval of undeclared warLegislative veto within 60 daysExamplesAfghanistanIraq
6 Structure of the executive branch White House OfficeChief of staff, counselor, press secretary, national security adviser, domestic policy adviser, Congressional liaisonExecutive Office of the PresidentCEA, NSC, OMBCabinet departmentsIndependent agencies
9 Presidential success in Congress (Eisenhower – Obama) Source: Congressional Quarterly Weekly Report, various years.
10 Four presidential character types (James David Barber) PositiveNegativeActiveJeffersonT. RooseveltF. D. RooseveltTrumanKennedyLincolnWilsonHooverL. B. JohnsonNixonPassiveMadisonTaftHardingReaganClintonWashingtonCoolidgeEisenhowerGeorge H. W. BushGeorge W. Bush (2nd term)
12 Presidential succession DeathNatural causesAssassinationResignationImpeachment & convictionAndrew JohnsonWilliam Jefferson Clinton
13 Presidential disability 25th amendment:Catalyst:Provision:vice-president can now become “acting president” in cases of presidential disabilityThree scenarios:President initiates processPresident takes no actionPresident denies disability