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CHAPTER 27 The Age of Containment 1946 – 1954. I.Origins of Distrust I.Bolshevik Revolution and Wilson II.Pacific War III.Atomic Bomb IV.Contrast in Origins.

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Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 27 The Age of Containment 1946 – 1954. I.Origins of Distrust I.Bolshevik Revolution and Wilson II.Pacific War III.Atomic Bomb IV.Contrast in Origins."— Presentation transcript:

1 CHAPTER 27 The Age of Containment 1946 – 1954

2 I.Origins of Distrust I.Bolshevik Revolution and Wilson II.Pacific War III.Atomic Bomb IV.Contrast in Origins V.Nature of Soviet System II.Fears III. US Response I.Marshall Plan II.Kennan Cable III.Truman Doctrine IV.NATO V.NSC 68

3 IV.Containment at Home V.Truman’s Fair Deal VI.Cultural Changes VII.From Truman to Eisenhower

4 I.Origins of Distrust 1.Bolshevik Revolution and Wilson 2. Pacific War 3. Atomic Bomb 4.Contrast in Origins 5. Nature of Soviet System

5 II. Fears Power Vacuum and Ideological Chasm Soviet Attack Soviet Advance – 1. Poland: Greece: E. Germany: 4. Turkey: 5. Yugoslavia: Czechoslovakia: Berlin: China: Vietnam: 1950s+ 10. Korea: June 25, Iran: Hungary: Cuba: 1959

6 III. US Response Kennan Cable: 1946 Marshall Plan: 1947 Truman Doctrine: 1947 NATO: 1949 NSC 68: April 14, 1950

7 IV. Containment at Home Anticommunism and the Labor Movement Taft-Hartley Act HUAC and Loyalty Program 1947 – HUAC. Differences Great Fear McCarthyism

8 V. Truman’s Fair Deal Truman elected 1948 – Dewey (24 million to 22 million) Fair Deal: 1945 – 1946 – Programs defeated soundly. Between 1945 – 1948 – single most important domestic issue was inflation. Civil Rights – 1948 campaign Truman accepted proposals fed legislation against lynching, special civil rights division in justice dept, anti-discrimination in housing/employment, desegregation.

9 VI. Cultural Changes 1947 Suburbia FHA and GI Bill White Flight

10 VII. From Truman to Eisenhower China, Korea, and Communist Advances Truman declined to run Democrats v. Communism Republicans – Dwight Eisenhower soldier-President Democrats – Adlai Stevenson strong anti-communist Dwight Eisenhower – Richard Nixon 7 million more votes 442 – 89 Electoral College

11 1950s – 1980s COMMUNISM Containing – foreign and domestic Rollback Take the offensive


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