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Country They Are From Axis, Allied, Neutral Things To Know About Them Adolf Hitler Germany Axis-Ran for president of Germany in 1932, lost to Hindenburg.

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Presentation on theme: "Country They Are From Axis, Allied, Neutral Things To Know About Them Adolf Hitler Germany Axis-Ran for president of Germany in 1932, lost to Hindenburg."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Country They Are From Axis, Allied, Neutral Things To Know About Them Adolf Hitler Germany Axis-Ran for president of Germany in 1932, lost to Hindenburg. -Was appointed as chancellor (2 nd in command) -July 1933 Nazi Party takes total control -Used public speaking skills to rally people -March 9, 1935 started implementing air force - 1 st violation of Treaty at Versailles -March 1936 sent troops to demilitarized zone of the Rhineland Allied with Italy (Mussolini) Signed Non-Aggression Pact with Soviet Union -September 1, 1939 Invades Poland Benito Mussolini Italy Axis-Took power in Developed Fascism: Government controls all financial decisions of people as well as regulates people’s social class standing - Took power by force -Sided with Hitler in hopes that France would surrender quickly and Italy could claim some land

3 Country They Are From Axis, Allied, Neutral Things To Know About Them Chiang Kai-shek China Neutral, Allied-Tried to stay out of issues with Japan, more concerned about Communist Soviets -Gave Japan land to try and appease them -“Rape of Nanjing” 1937 when 100,000 Chinese were brutally killed by the Japanese = war Franklin D. Roosevelt United States Neutral, Allied-U.S. reluctant to get involved after WWI and Depression -Several acts passed in the 1930’s to prevent the U.S. from choosing sides and getting directly involved -Difficult to sell to the American public -December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor bombing unified the public on entering the war. “A day that will live in infamy” -Japanese underestimated the power of the Americans -United States declared war on Japan Dec 9, In turn, Germany declares war on U.S.

4 Country They Are From Axis, Allied, Neutral Things To Know About Them Joseph StalinAxis, Allied-Stalin means “man of steel” -Was originally going to become a priest -Took power after Lenin died in Signed Non-Aggression Pact with Hitler to allow Nazi Germany to weaken Western Europe and themselves, ultimately so Stalin could break the pact and take over all of Europe -Used intimidation and fear to lead the people of U.S.S.R Winston ChurchillAllied-Leader of Great Britain -Served as the Minister of War and Air Initially didn’t see Hitler as a threat, until the air raids on Great Britain. Harry Truman United States Allied-President who made the decision to drop the atomic bomb on the Japanese cities of Nagasaki and Hiroshima

5 Country They Are From Axis, Allied, Neutral Things To Know About Them Heinrich HimmlerAxis-Leader of the SS (Security Service) -In charge of the resettlement policy: starts with removing the Polish and replacing them with Germans Reinhard Heydrich Axis-Head of the SS -In charge of implementing the “Final Solution” extermination of the Jews General Hideki Tojo Japan Axis-Prime Minister of Japan -Against females in the workforce -Military leader of the aggressive Japanese military

6 European Front Ends V-E Day May 7/8, 1945

7 Europe Front Ends… -V-E Day May 7/ Now need to decide what to do with war torn Europe and Nazi Germany -Yalta Conference: Stalin, FDR, Churchill -Surrender of Nazi Germany (unconditional) -Germany demilitarize -Poland gets land back -Staling aid in fight against Japan -Potsdam Conference: Stalin, Truman, Churchill -Outlined terms of surrender for Japan -Truman wanted open elections for all nations in Europe, Stalin did not -Tensions grew between Truman and Stalin = Cold War

8 War in the Pacific… V-J Day August 14, Escalated tension caused by: -December 7, 1941 Pearl Harbor military base bombed by Japan -Potsdam Declaration, issued by Allied leaders on July 26, 1945, called on Japan to surrender. Japan denied -August 6 the American B-29 plane Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima, killing more than 70,000 people and destroying a 5-square-mile expanse of the city. -Three days later, the United States dropped a second atomic bomb on Nagasaki, killing another 40,000.

9 Country They Are From Position They Held Things To Know About Them John F. Kennedy United State President-1 st President under the scrutiny of televised presidency -President during the Bay of Pigs invasion: attempt to remove Castro which failed -President during the Cuban Missile Crisis, Soviets placed nuclear missiles in Cuba. Chose the blockade as the first response to the missiles -Cold War policy he held summed up by, "Let us never negotiate out of fear. But let us never fear to negotiate“ Nikita Khrushchev U.S.S.R. Premier-Led U.S.S.R. from Supported building of Berlin Wall -Very colorful speaker, spoke out against the U.N. -Was loosing totalitarian rule in U.S.S.R however it was very slow process -Initiated Cuban Missile Crisis Robert Kennedy United States Attorney General -Right hand man to President Kennedy -Organized most of the meetings during Cuban Missile Crisis. Head of ORTSAC, operation to determine what to do in Cuba…ya catch how creative the Pentagon was with the name!!


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