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APUSH Unit 11 Outline VUS: 10,11, and 12 World War II/Cold War Samuel Cortes and Michael Bugas.

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Presentation on theme: "APUSH Unit 11 Outline VUS: 10,11, and 12 World War II/Cold War Samuel Cortes and Michael Bugas."— Presentation transcript:

1 APUSH Unit 11 Outline VUS: 10,11, and 12 World War II/Cold War Samuel Cortes and Michael Bugas

2 Unit 11 Overview World War II – Rise of Fascism Cold War – Korean War – Cuban Missile Crisis – “Containment” – Vietnam War – Domino Theory Harry S. Truman- Fair Deal Dwight D. Eisenhower John F. Kennedy- New Frontier LBJ- Great Society and Vietnam

3 World War II 1939 Germany invades Poland sparking WWII Blitzkrieg takes Europe by surprise Roosevelt and U.S. try to stay out of war Isolationist Policy Roosevelt establishes preventative measures in case of war – Lend Lease Act – Selective Service Act Axis Powers

4 U.S. entrance into WWII December 7, 1941- Japanese planes attack U.S. naval base at Pearl Harbor This drags the U.S. into WWII against Germany, Italy, and Japan

5 U.S. Mobilization New Agencies Established – OSS (Office of Strategic Services) – OWI (Office of War Information) – NWLB (National War Labor Board) All established to regulate wartime economy and keep home support of the war.

6 U.S. Mobilization Ctd. Economy shifted to provide resources to the army New workers such as women and other minorities were given wartime jobs Atomic bomb being developed by U.S. – “Manhattan Project” – Robert Openheimer

7 Women in Work What a joke! haha

8 Home Front At home the depression was finally ended by availability of wartime jobs Japanese Americans interned for fear of conspiracy and racial leanings Korematsu vs. U.S. upheld this decision Race riots occurred in cities like Los Angeles and Detroit Labor Unrest troubled country during war

9 The War in Europe North Africa was reclaimed from the Germans by General Patton in the North Africa Campaign, provided stepping stone to Europe El Alamein Soviets turned tide of war with victories at Stalingrad and Leningrad in 1943 Germans were reeling from defeat to Russia On June 6,1944 Allies invaded Europe on Normandy Coast Dwight D. Eisenhower Battle of the Bulge By April 1945 Germany had fallen

10 Berlin taken by Soviet Forces Soviet troops raise flag over Reichstag in Berlin

11 The War in Asia Shortly after Pearl Harbor, U.S. stopped Japanese offensive at battle of Midway, changed tide of war in the Pacific U.S. began “Island Hopping” strategy and slowly pushed back Japanese Iwo Jima Okinawa Truman decided to drop Atomic bomb on Japan instead of invasion August 6, 1945: Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima August 9, 1945: Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki August 15, 1945: Japan surrenders

12 Mushroom Cloud

13 Pre Cold War/Rebuilding Europe Conferences at Yalta and Potsdam set course for what was to be the Cold War Yalta: Churchill, Stalin, and Roosevelt Potsdam: Churchill, Stalin, and Truman Nuremberg War Trials convict Nazi leaders for crimes against humanity The “Big Three” at Yalta

14 Pre Cold War/Rebuilding Europe Other organizations established such as IMF and GATT to provide financial aid to the war torn world. Provided nearly $13 billion over three years (1948-1951) Europe was divided into east and west once war had ended “Iron Curtain” U.S. and USSR sole superpowers Marshall Plan hoped to rebuild Europe and lessen the appeal of Communism to Western Europe

15 Rebuilding Europe World divides into two major treaty organizations NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization Members included U.S., Great Britain, and France Warsaw Pact Members included U.S.S.R. and other Soviet Bloc countries

16 Early Cold War Europe divided distinctly into East and West after war West-U.S. East- U.S.S.R. U.N. established in 1945 to prevent future wars Mass Retaliation: If we get hit with nuke, we hit you with more nukes. U.S. instated a policy of containment Sought to contain Communism within present boundaries and not to let it expand Truman Doctrine: Mass Retaliation and Containment

17 Early Cold War Ctd. USSR established satellite nations in Eastern Europe as a defense against the West Domino Theory guides policy in Asia once China becomes Communist in 1949 Mao Zedong

18 Tensions Ignite in Berlin Berlin Crisis- Soviets blockaded western Berlin Berlin Blockade 1948- 1949 This led to the Berlin Airlift in which supplies and food were dropped by Berlin into blocked zone

19 At Home 1948 Election- Truman wins and obtains second term as president Proposes his “Fair Deal” Sought to continue New Deal policies

20 Economy at Home Conversion from a war- time to peace time economy struck fears of new depression Labor struck down by Taft-Hartley Act High inflation and labor conflicts emerged

21 Red Scare Mass Hysteria that spread throughout the U.S. in the 1950’s out of fear of communist infiltration McCarthyism Sen. Joseph McCarthy led the “witch hunt” of communists HUAC Much of Hollywood considered “communist” Rosenberg spy cases Alger Hiss

22 Korean War N. Korea invaded S. Korea in 1950 U.N. sent in troops comprised mainly of U.S. soldiers War gave Truman bad name and cost him 1952 Election

23 Postwar Prosperity The postwar economic boom led to the prosperity of the 1950’s Television and Radio became staples New appliances and housing were affordable for returning soldiers GI Bill Baby Boom

24 Eisenhower/1950’s Elected President in 1952 Split in Democratic Party over Civil Rights Southern Democrats were called “Dixiecrats” Presided over prosperous era Suburbs Interstate Highway Act Federal Housing Administration National Defense Education Act Rock and Roll emerged along with Youth Culture “Teenager” Elvis Presley

25 Cold War ctd. CIA and covert action operations all over the world Nikita Khrushchev takes control of USSR U-2 incident John Foster Dulles Brinkmanship- Policy of taking things to brink to get more afterwards, used along with nuclear weapons French withdrawal from Indochina Dien Bien Phu Geneva Conference Ho Chi Minh takes over Communist gov’t. in N. Vitenam “Military Industrial complex”

26 J.F.K. New Frontier Won Election of 1960 due to better presentation on TV over Richard Nixon New Liberalism More Social Programs Assassinated in 1963

27 Cold War Policies Cuban Missile Crisis Standoff between U.S. and USSR Bay of Pigs Invasion – Botched CIA plan to take down communist gov’t. in Cuba

28 Lyndon Baines Johnson Becomes President after assassination of Kennedy Great Society Continues welfare spending and social projects to eliminate poverty Vietnam war diverts funds from these projects

29 Clouds of Vietnam Begin to Form Threat of Communist expansion in Indochina Gulf of Tonkin Resolution Viet Cong LBJ takes us into war My Lai Tet Offensive

30 1. What was a major turning point in Europe in WWII – A.-Stalingrad – B.-Okinawa – C.-Tet Offensive – D.-Iwo Jima

31 2. Who’s policy at home was called the Great Society? – A.-Harry S. Truman – B.-Lyndon B. Johnson – C.-John F. Kennedy – D.-Dwight D. Eisenhower

32 3. Name the Cold War policy of keeping communism within its present boundaries – A.-Brinkmanship – B.-Domino Effect – C.-Containment – D.-Massive Retaliation

33 Answers 1.- A 2.- B 3.- C

34 Media Saving Private Ryan Good Night and Good Luck The Hunt for Red October Band of Brothers Red Dawn

35 Discussion Questions How did the Cold War Affect American Culture? Describe Truman’s policies of containment and massive retaliation What were some elements of the Red Scare in America?

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