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In his book, Hitler divides humans into categories based on physical appearance, establishing higher and lower orders, or types of humans. At the top,

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Presentation on theme: "In his book, Hitler divides humans into categories based on physical appearance, establishing higher and lower orders, or types of humans. At the top,"— Presentation transcript:

1 In his book, Hitler divides humans into categories based on physical appearance, establishing higher and lower orders, or types of humans. At the top, according to Hitler, is the Germanic man with his fair skin, blond hair and blue eyes. Hitler refers to this type of person as an Aryan. He asserts that the Aryan is the supreme form of human, or master race. And so it follows in Hitler's thinking, if there is a supreme form of human, then there must be others less than supreme, the Untermenschen, or racially inferior. Hitler assigns this position to Jews and the Slavic peoples, notably the Czechs, Poles, and Russians.

2 Throughout Mein Kampf, Hitler refers to Jews as parasites, liars, dirty, crafty, sly, wily, clever, without any true culture, a sponger, a middleman, a maggot, eternal blood suckers, repulsive, unscrupulous, monsters, foreign, menace, bloodthirsty, avaricious, the destroyer of Aryan humanity, and the mortal enemy of Aryan humanity...

3 I. African Americans African Americans will be segregated in all parts of military life. Segregation will continue throughout the South, even though thousands of Blacks volunteered to fight in WWII Tuskeegee Airmen.

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6 May 15, 2013 RAW How were African Americans treated during WW2? AIM 94 AIM 94 How did the Allies end the war in Europe? How did the Allies end the war in Europe?

7 I.Allied Success in Europe successful landing on the beaches of Normandy (June 6, D-Day) led to a steady flow of troops towards Germany Paris liberated August 1944 By December 1944 Hitler is pushed back to Germany

8 June 6, 1944 D-Day Allied forces land in France and push towards Germany

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15 II. The Election of 1944 FDR (D) Thomas Dewey ®

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19 III The Death of Roosevelt April 12, Dies of a massive stroke. Dies at the family vacation spot in Warm Springs, Georgia. Harry Truman sworn in as the 33 president.

20 IV. The Last Days of Hitler Berlin Surrounded -- Russians to the East and Allies to the West Allied troops began to notice Holocaust Concentration Camps April 12, 1945 FDR dies -- Harry S. Truman assumes Presidency April 30, 1945 Hitler kills himself

21 III. War in Europe is Over May 7th, 1945 V-E DAY -- Germany Unconditionally Surrenders Still many problems in Europe Holocaust, Communism, Germany, Damage,

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23 May 17, 2013 RAW Who became President after FDR? AIM 94 AIM 94 How did WWII End in Japan? How did WWII End in Japan?

24 Harry S. Truman

25 I. Japan by 1945 Japan no longer has sea power American Navy is finally winning in the Pacific Iwo Jima and Okinawa fall by June 1945

26 80,000 American Casualties Taking Japan’s Home Islands will be VERY COSTLY TO U.S. Kamikaze Pilots

27 An estimated 1,000,000 American casualties would result in an assault on Japan’s Home Islands Men, Women, and Children would fight to the death

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30 II. The Atomic Bomb Potsdam declaration: Truman to Japan, “surrender or face destruction.” Japan continues to fight to the death. August 6, 1945 the Enola Gay drops the first bomb on Hiroshima.

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34 August 9, second bomb dropped on Nagasaki. 120,000 civilians die instantly from the two blasts. Several thousand more will die days later. Both cities destroyed.

35 V-J Day August 15, August 15, 1945 Japan surrenders. Japan will be occupied by American Troops for 2 years.

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37 I.The War in Europe Nazi Germany is winning a “new” kind of war from Great Britain in the West to Russia in the East Great Britain is constantly being bombed The Allies needed to land on mainland Europe

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40 I. The Last Days of Hitler Berlin Surrounded -- Russians to the East and Allies to the West Allied troops began to notice Holocaust Concentration Camps April 30, 1945 Hitler kills himself

41 I.The War in Europe Nazi Germany is winning a “new” kind of war from Great Britain in the West to Russia in the East Great Britain is constantly being bombed The Allies needed to land on mainland Europe

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45 May 21, 2013 RAW Why did the U.S. use Atomic Bombs on Japan? AIM 96 AIM 96 What did WWII leave behind? What did WWII leave behind?

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50 Axis Casualties CountryDead Wounded Civilian Dead Germany 3,500,0005,000, ,000 Italy242,00066,000153,000 Japan. 1,300,000 4,000,000672,000

51 Allied Casualties Country Dead Wounded CivilianDead Britain 373,000475,00093,000 France 213,000400,000108,000 U.S. 322,000671,000 1 Soviet Union 11,000,000 14,102,000 7,000,000

52 I. The Cost of WWII Over 50 million dead. 67% of these are civilians. The United states suffers 322,000 dead, 800,000 wounded. Soviet Union suffers the most: 20 million dead.

53 II. Germany Germany will be broken into 2 Countries(East & West Germany) England, France, U.S., Soviet Union(Russia) will each control one side until free elections. The Capital, Berlin is split in two. East and West Berlin.

54 III War Crimes Trials Several leaders from Germany and Japan will be put on trial for “Crimes against Humanity.” 24 Nazis were executed and 7 Japanese were executed. Nuremberg Trials Tokyo Trials

55 --War crimes trials establish the fact that people are responsible for their actions. EVEN DURING A WAR!! --Racial superiority is shown to be a fraud.

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63 II. Japan Japan will be occupied by American troops for 7 years. The United States will help Japan write a new constitution based upon peace and democracy. Japan is now one of our best allies.(Capitalism & Democracy)

64 Eastern Europe West Europe

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68 III. The Cold War United States -vs- Soviet Union(Russia) A war of words and Ideas Democracy vs Communism Freedom vs oppression

69 IV. Containment After WWII American foreign policy will center on Containment Of communism. Keeping the Soviet Union in place. The Truman Doctrine: The U.S. would help any and all countries threatened by communism.

70 The Marshall Plan: U.S. Secretary of State George Marshall came up with a plan to rebuild the European Economy after WWII.

71 Marshall felt the best way to keep countries free from communism was to help them rebuild. 13 billion would be spent rebuilding Western Europe. Not one of these countries would fall to communism.

72 The cold war would turn hot in many places. Korea Vietnam Cuba Containment: the policy of containing communism to where it already exists Soviet Union(Russia).


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