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Civil Rights Movement Test Review

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1 Civil Rights Movement Test Review
Mr. Williamson US History II

2 Test Format 20 Multiple Choice at 2 points each (40 points)
10 Matching at 2 points each (20 points) 5 Short Answer/Identifications (15 points) 1 Essay (15 points), you will have to choose 1 of 2, 2 paragraphs are required for full credit 90 Points total

3 Theme 1 Similarities b/t Plessy & Brown v. Board of Ed Cases?
Why did African-Americans continue to face oppression after the 13th-15th Amendments? Voting Rights Act of 1965 – what did it accomplish? What actions pushed this law? What is a filibuster? Why was it used? CORE, NAACP, SCLC, SNCC – common goal? What were their methods? Non violent methods – Sit-in/Freedom Riders…explain! What did the Kerner Commission find?

4 Theme 2 Methods of the Black Panthers?
Examples of de facto segregation? MLK – what group was he associated with? Violence in Birmingham prompted policy change? School integration – where did it occur first? What was the 24th Amendment? Consequences of segregation?

5 Theme 3 I desegregated the military, who am I?
Why was Birmingham targeted by civil rights leaders? IDs/Vocabulary: de Jure/Facto segregation, Presidents: FDR, TRUMAN, EISENHOWER, Selma, Montgomery Bus Boycott, Watts, Malcolm X, Freedom Summer, James Meredith

6 Essay Topics Discuss the effects of the presidency on the Civil Rights Movement. How did FDR, Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy and Johnson leave their imprint on this time in history? Explain in detail their role in creating legislation and use of executive power. How were the organizations of the Civil Rights Movement both similar and different? Select 2 organizations (SCLC, SNCC, NAACP, OAAU, CORE) and discuss/explain their philosophies and tactics during this era in history?

7 Sample Question #1 This was a protest technique used by students that challenged segregation by demonstrating at “whites only” public places: (A) Boycott (B) Freedom Rides (C) Sit-Ins (D) Marches

8 Sample Question #2 Which of the following is NOT an example of segregation after the Civil War? (A) Black schools lacked adequate books/supplies (B) Whites conspired to keep blacks out of their communities (C) African-Americans received the right to vote (D) Black men and women rarely held a high-paying job because of a lack of schooling and racism

9 Sample Question #3 Why did civil rights leaders target Birmingham, Alabama in 1963? (A) It was highly integrated in both public schools and businesses (B) It was almost bankrupt (C) It was the home of MLK Jr. (D) It was a highly segregated community

10 Sample Question #4 Poll taxes were outlawed in the:
(A) Voting Rights Act of 1965 (B) 24th Amendment (C) 22nd Amendment (D) Civil Rights Act of 1964

11 Sample Question #5 The 1965 Voting Rights Act was a result primarily of: (A) President Kennedy’s support (B) March on Washington/Selma March (C) Mississippi Freedom Summer/Selma March (D) Murder of civil rights workers

12 Sample Question #6 The brutality against African-Americans in Birmingham prompted President Kennedy to: (A) Vote for a fair housing bill (B) Propose a strong civil rights bill (C) Jail several southern Democratic senators (D) Release MLK Jr. on bail

13 Sample Question #7 Which of the following was not advocated by the Black Panthers? (A) Black Power (B) Nonviolence (C) Black nationalism (D) Community development

14 Sample Question #8 During the Civil Rights Movement, activities of Congress of Racial Equality, NAACP, SCLC and SNCC illustrated that: (A) All civil rights used the same tactic (B) Different approaches can be used to achieve a common goal (C) Organizational differences usually lead to failure (D) Violence is the best tool for achieving social change

15 Sample Question - BONUS
What was the name of Malcolm X’s organization after his break from Elijah Muhammad and the Nation of Islam?

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