Presentation on theme: "Cold War. Undeclared war against soviet union- justified wider military and economic rule Return to “normalcy”- huge military budgets and new international."— Presentation transcript:
Undeclared war against soviet union- justified wider military and economic rule Return to “normalcy”- huge military budgets and new international ties Fear of Soviet – Extend dominion- “sphere of influence” – Usage of violence, terror and crime – Stalin- Tolitarian
Munich analogy- policy of appeasement didn’t work- US will not give in to S.U. claims Iron curtain fell between satellite nations and the democratic nation George Kennan’s long telegram- S.U. was too paranoid concerning capitalists. = containment. (Truman adopted) The Iranian crisis- rich in oil, struggle for influence in middle east, Russian troops did not withdraw (but eventually they reached an agreement to withdraw) Truman Doctrine- British aid to Greece and Turkey pulled out- fear of communist take over so Truman provided economic and military aid- to contain and resist communist spread
Marshall Plan-w/o aid to western Europe communists would seize Germany, Italy and France. George c. Marshall- sec. of state to propose aid plan- as Europe recover- help US products – Soviets blocked Hungary and Czechoslovakia and blame fell on S.U. For dividing Europe.
West Germany- US, GB and France form West Germany. Western controlled Berlin blockaded roads-lifted a year later. NATO- North Atlantic Treaty Organization: mutual defense pact An alliance during peacetime Israel organized: supported Jews immigrating to homeland.
Arms Atomic Energy Commission- civilian agency control of all fissionable materials. Baruch plan-US dominate international atomic agency Stalin wanted ban resulted in arms race. Atomic deterrence: deter any SU attack by replying with atomic counterattack.
Post war prosperity Consumer spending and business spending jumped (higher wages- saved during war) Government expenditures at local, state and federal levels. – Health care- education-govt. programs – Spurred by public spending
Adjustments Women accept “traditional role” Minority workers :last hired, first hired – Face with discrimination- start to fight rigid segregation – NAACP and CRE start to rise again – To Secure these rights: Truman's committee on Civil Rights-discovered inequality, caste system – Congress refuses to act Organized labor- drop in hours and OT pay- strike, Truman threatens to draft workers= public turns
New Deal extension?- Truman pushed for full employment, subs. Public housing, national health insurance, etc. – People fight back due to inflation – Blocked extension of New Deal Taft-Hartley Act- pushed by Bob Taft – Allowed president to order workers back on the job during 90-day cooling off period- collective bargaining cont. – Right to work laws – Eliminate union membership as a prerequisite. GI Bill- – Receive tuition and fees plus living expenses for 3yrs of education – Blue collar- white collar shift – Low interest loans Middle class growing, prosperous, suburban, rise of white male
Election of 1948 – Henry Wallace- Progressives (push New Deal) – Thurmond- States’ Rights -Dixiecrat (southern conservative wing) – Dewey- republican Truman won due to liberal conservative extremes- ethnic groups followed him. Fair Deal- Truman's agenda for 2 nd term – Congress blocked many new initiatives
Cold War at Home Outspoken agaoinst communists – Couldn’t belive communists excuse Stalins aggression and push into Eastern Europe – Sympathizers of New Deal –socialists- hollywood Soviet Union and own atom bomb H-bomb Chiang Kai-shek flees to Formosa (taiwain Mai Zedong takes beijing- China now communist- US to help? Or let fall to Communists Hiss Case-accused of passing secrets to SU Klaus Fachs- worked on Manhattan Project spied for SU
Loyalty Crusade – Supervisors to review and certify loyalties of those who worked below them- out of hand- guilty until proven innocent – HUAC- investigate communist influence in film industry Hollywood ten- refused upon first amendment right to say if they had ever been communists- given prison time – Blacklisting-prenvted admitted or accused from getting a job- faced false charges, rumors or accusations – McCarran Act-required all communists to register with attorney general, detain suspects, no entry if from totalitarian govt. McCarthyism