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 Period 8: 1945-1980  List as many pieces of SFI as you can from 1945-1980.  What major challenges will Americans face during this time period?  Thematic.

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Presentation on theme: " Period 8: 1945-1980  List as many pieces of SFI as you can from 1945-1980.  What major challenges will Americans face during this time period?  Thematic."— Presentation transcript:

1  Period 8:  List as many pieces of SFI as you can from  What major challenges will Americans face during this time period?  Thematic Predictions  America in the World  Peopling  Work, Exchange, & Technology (Economy)  Belief Systems & Culture  Identity  Geography & Environment  Politics and Power

2 Period: “The American Century”

3  “Who the hell is Harry Truman?”  McCullough Reading Discussion

4   After World War II, the United States sought to stem the growth of Communist military power and ideological influence, create a stable global economy, and build an international security system.  The United States developed a foreign policy based on collective security and a multilateral economic framework that bolstered non-Communist nations.  The United States sought to “contain” Soviet-dominated communism through a variety of measures, including military engagements in Korea and Vietnam.  The Cold War fluctuated between periods of direct and indirect military confrontation and periods of mutual coexistence (or détente). Key Concept 8.1: The United States responded to an uncertain and unstable postwar world by asserting and attempting to defend a position of global leadership, with far-reaching domestic and international consequences.

5  Truman’s Policies  Marshall Plan  George C. Marshall  United Nations  NATO  “The Truman Doctrine”  George Kennan  Containment  HAPP each document  Summarize the main points of American foreign policy under Truman and chose one time period to analyze the continuity and change over time of foreign policy

6  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

7  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

8  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

9  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

10  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

11  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

12  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

13  N. Korea Invades S. Korea  HTS: Causation  Generate a list of as many SFI that would have a causal role in this hypothetical event from time period 8.

14  Chinese Civil War  Chiang Kai-shek vs. Mao Zedong  1949—Chiang Kai-shek flees to Taiwan—only Chinese gov’t recognized by US for 30 years  US “lost China”

15  A-bomb to H-bomb  Soviet tests A-bomb 1949  40 years of weapons build up  Over 100,000 nuclear weapons  Convince the other that they “have the balls to push the button”  NSC-68

16  Korean War  Japanese occupied Korean peninsula since  Indication of fragile relationship b/w US and Soviet Union during WWII  38 th parallel  1950—N. Korea attacks S (encouraged by Stalin and Mao)  War declared via UN Security Council…how?  No Congressional declaration  Initially losing to N. Korea  MacArthur’s strategy turns tide  Purpose shifts: S invades N. (containment?)  China attacks  MacArthur asks for 34 A- bombs, naval blockade, & air raids  Truman vs. MacArthur (“Mr. Prima Donna”)  Truce in 1953, 136,000 US deaths, 1 mil S. Korean, 1.5 mil N. Korean & Chinese

17  Red Scare/McCarthyism  1947—loyalty oath  1949, 11 top leaders of US Communists Party convicted— “clear and present danger”  Julius & Ethel Rosenberg = spies for Soviet Union  HUAC  Joseph McCarthy (R Senator from WI)

18  Red Scare/McCarthyism  McCarran Internal Security Act 1950  “combine, conspire, or agree with any person to perform any act which would substantially contribute to…the establishment of a totalitarian dictatorship”  Truman vetoes— ”government shouldn’t be in the business of mind control”  Congress overrides

19  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

20  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

21   H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?

22  Implications for US?  Lippmann, “A Critique of Containment”  Long-term consequences

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25  Document Analysis  H. Context:  Audience:  Point of View:  Purpose:  SFI connections?  Commission on Civil Rights (1947)  Universal Declaration on Human Rights (1948)  Strom Thurmond  Dixiecrats  Thomas Dewey


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