Presentation on theme: "Theory of Knowledge for the IB Subject Areas"— Presentation transcript:
1Theory of Knowledge for the IB Subject Areas TOK Advisory IntroductionRenton High SchoolSeptember 22, 2014
2Today’s Objectives Students should be able to: Explain what ToK is & its role in the DPIdentify the 8 ways of knowingIdentify the 8 areas of knowledgeExplain what knowledge claims & questions areConstruct an knowledge questionToday’s Objectives
3What do you know? Write down 5 things you KNOW are true HOW do you know they are trueCould these truths NOT be trueTestable and consistant over timeWhat do you know?
4How do you know it’s true? Shared knowledge & personal knowledgeJustified true belief(You have to believe it, it actually must be true and you have to prove it)How do you know it’s true?
5Aims of ToK “How do you know?” Explore how we acquire knowledge Explore how we evaluate knowledgeExplore how culture affects how we knowSelf reflection about beliefs & assumptionsUsing knowledge to act responsiblyAims of ToK
6LanguageSense PerceptionEmotionReasonImagination*Faith*Intuition*Memory**Added to curriculum for assessment 2015How do you know those things YOU wrote down are true? Which ways of knowing did you use?8 Ways of Knowing
7Areas of Knowledge Mathematics The Natural Sciences The Human Sciences The ArtsHistoryEthicsReligious Knowledge Systems*Indigenous Knowledge Systems**Added to curriculum for assessment 2015Areas of Knowledge
8In order to show application of ToK knowledge to real world situations, IB requires*: Essay on a prescribed title (choose 1/6, 1600 words max, externally assessed)Presentation on a contemporary issue (self-select, 10 minutes per student, internally assessed but moderated)*Assessments are independent of the subject area assessments*You will also keep a journal of your thoughts, connecting the ideas discussed in class with real world examples you come across, either in the media or in your personal experiences.Class participation is discussion is also a critical, and required, part of assessment for TOK.Assessments of ToK
9Assessment Objectives of ToK Identify how knowledge claims are justifiedAnswer knowledge questionsExplore relationships between disciplines & knowledgeExplore relationships between ways of knowing & knowledgeConnect the first four itemsAcknowledge validity of alternative perspectivesApply ToK knowledge to real world situationsAssessment Objectives of ToK
10Knowledge Claims First Order: claims about the world “There are an infinite number of prime numbers.”Second Order: claims about knowledge itself“Mathematical knowledge is certain.”TOK is concerned about the second order claims. Can you think of a knowledge claim about any content area?Now put that in the form of a question…Jeopardy style!Knowledge Claims
11Knowledge questions are not questions of knowledge (“What is the square root of 225?”), they are questions about knowledge…How knowledge is constructed & evaluatedQuestions are contestable (numerous plausible answers)Expressed in general terms (not content specific)Focus: “How do we know?”“How do I know?”Knowledge Questions
12Which is a knowledge question. “How does the placebo effect work Which is a knowledge question? “How does the placebo effect work?” (Explain the term) VS “In what ways do other ways of knowing contribute to scientific discoveries? (Multiple ways of thinking about the problem)Knowledge Questions
13KNOWLEDGE Knowledge Questions A knowledge question (KQ) is a question about the…Search for,Acquisition of,Production of,Verification of,KNOWLEDGEKnowledge Questions
14What ethical responsibilities come with possessing knowledge? How can memory impact scientific objectivity?Is faith irrational?Is all evidence equal?How do emotions affect our perspectives?Is aesthetic value universal?Is there ever knowledge without evidence?How can we judge whether one model is better than another?How can it be that scientific knowledge changes over time?Was mathematics invented or discovered?Do moral truths exist?Knowledge Questions
15Example KQ What are the limits of reason as a way of knowing? Craft a knowledge question using TOK vocabularyWhat are the limits of reason as a way of knowing?Write an open question about knowledge based in the topicTo what extent is mathematical intelligence inappropriate or insufficient in solving problems?Write a closed question (one with a correct answer) about the topicWhat is mathematical intelligence?State one specific topic discussed within the RLSSchools emphasize mathematical intelligence, including the ability to use logic and reasoning to solve problems.Describe the real life situation (RLS):In his 2006 TED Talk, Sir Ken Robinson claims that schools are killing creativity by emphasizing certain types of intelligences at the expense of others. In particular, schools value students who can use logic, do math, and learn languages and steer students away from the arts.
16How do I write a KQ?Craft a knowledge question using TOK vocabularyTo what extent can we accurately measure knowledge that changes over time?Write an open question about knowledge based in the topicHow do we know that public opinions on gay marriage are changing?Write a closed question (one with a correct answer) about the topicHow has public opinion on gay marriage changed in the last 50 years?State one specific topic discussed within the RLSPublic opinion data may be used to inform policy decisions on gay marriageDescribe the real life situation (RLS):In the article “How Gay Marriage Won” from Time Magazine, journalist David Von Drehle cites research that the gay rights movement has progressed greatly, as shown by public opinion data and government policy changes.
17Practice Time! Knowledge Questions In your small group, create a knowledge question using the article “Allegory of the Cave” as your real-life situation.Begin by discussing the article as a group to review it. Then go through the “KQ Ladder” to craft a knowledge question together.When you come up with your KQ, write it on the board.Knowledge Questions
18Homework for Thurs., October 9th Watch The Truman ShowAnswer these questions:1) Truman is “On the air, unaware.” Is ignorance bliss? 2) “We’ve become bored with watching actors give us phony emotions, we’re tired of pyrotechnics and special effects”. How real is Truman's world? How real is Truman within this world? 3) What is real in Seahaven? 4) When does Truman's perception of reality alter? How is Truman eventually able to recognize his predicament? 5) Can Truman ever really know anything? 6) What is Truth to Truman? 7) How real is “reality TV”?Homework for Thurs., October 9th
19Connecting The Truman Show to the Allegory of the Cave: What parallels do you notice between Truman’s imprisonment in the Seahaven dome and the denizens of Plato’s cave?Knowledge Questions to think about (and answer):1. To what extent are we all being duped by product placements and false realities presented to us by the media? What are the essential differences between the Truman predicament and our own?2. “A robin redbreast in a cage, Puts all heaven in a rage.” What has William Blake’s couplet from Auguries of Innocence (1863) got to do with the Truman show?3. What specific ethical objections arise from the “forbidden experiment” imposed on Truman since his birth in front of a live audience?4. If you think you have knowledge / truth then do you? How far is truth linked to our perception?