Presentation on theme: "Kinsey Thomas. Serviceman’s Readjustment Act Passed in 1944 by Congress Under part of the law, the federal government paid a significant portion of."— Presentation transcript:
Serviceman’s Readjustment Act Passed in 1944 by Congress Under part of the law, the federal government paid a significant portion of tuition and other higher education fees for veterans. The percentage of college-aged Americans who attended college almost doubled. Colleges developed into larger institutions ○ Updated campuses ○ Higher education for everyone, not just middle and higher classes
Citizens have a “right” to a job. With the influx of soldiers returning from WWII, the government issued the Employment Act of 1946. Enacted because of what happened after the First World War—The Great Depression Aided the transition from wartime goods to other products There were numerous revisions ○ Originally called the Full Employment Bill of 1945
Created the Council of Economic Advisors (CEA) Three member board Advises the president on economic policy Established the Joint Economic Committee ○ Composed of Congress members of both political parties ○ Charged with reviewing the president’s report and making recommendations to the Senate and House on economic policy.
Long-Term Effects: Annual inflation rates typically ranged from 1-5% Strengthened labor market 1970’s America: large inflation ○ Resolution 133 ○ 1977: Congress amended the Federal Reserve Act ○ 1978: Congress passed the Humphrey- Hawkins Act which amended the Employment Act of 1946
The Labor-Management Relations Act Enacted June 23, 1947 The law prohibited a variety of strikes, boycotts, and picketing. Union shops were restricted and states were allowed to pass “right-to- work” laws that outlawed closed union shops.
O Political cartoon released after 1947 as backlash to the recently enacted Taft-Hartley Act P The purpose of the political cartoon was to raise awareness about the “real” effect of the act V This political cartoon shows the power of the press over the government and how the public could be manipulated into believing what they read in the paper. L This political cartoon does not show the actual effect the act had on the public or any actually data on how the act helped or hurt the unions in question. “Now-Now little man, I’m only taking these for your own good.”
FDR died soon after the start of his fourth term, and his vice president, Harry S. Truman was sworn in. Accomplishments: Ended WWII by dropping the atomic bombs on Japan Truman Doctrine ○ Economic aid to Turkey and Greece Helping the US transition into a peace-time economy Blocking Stalin’s attempts to occupy and conquer Europe ○ Berlin airlift Creating the state of Israel for Holocaust survivors
Young and well-liked Challenged FDR for the party’s popular vote in 1944 Former governor of New York Cut taxes, doubled state aid to education, increased salaries for state employees, reduced the sate’s debt by more than $100 million Laid down the first state law in the country which prohibited racial discrimination in employment Previously an isolationist, at the time of the election he had been identified as a internationalist.
The Chicago Daily Tribune, like the rest of the country, believed that Dewey would be the overwhelming winner of the 1948 Presidential Election. The printed a few hundred copies of their newspaper with the headline, “Dewey Defeats Truman” before the release of the election results. The mistake was comical to the new president elect: Harry Truman.
Despite what everyone predicted, Truman won and was reelected to presidency. Dewey is sometimes seen as being too aggressive Dewey was not as conservative as the Republican Congress Truman linked him to the “Do Nothing” Congress Dewey never ran for presidency again, but he did help Eisenhower win the Republican Party’s presidential nomination
Biography of Thomas Dewey. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.deweydefeatstruman.com/Deweybio.htm Dewey Defeats Truman. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://history1900s.about.com/cs/trumanharry/a/deweytru man_2.htm Employment Act of 1946 - A detailed essay on an important event in the history of the Federal Reserve. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.federalreservehistory.org/Events/DetailView/15 Projects: Cold War Guide: The GI Bill and the U of I (1947). (n.d.). Retrieved from http://archives.library.illinois.edu/slc/researchguides/coldw ar/studentlife/gibill.php Taft–Hartley Act. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.princeton.edu/~achaney/tmve/wiki100k/docs/T aft%E2%80%93Hartley_Act.html