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Harry Truman & Civil Rights. Background Born in Lamar, MO (1884) MO a former slave state Maternal and paternal grandparents had owned slaves Ancestors.

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Presentation on theme: "Harry Truman & Civil Rights. Background Born in Lamar, MO (1884) MO a former slave state Maternal and paternal grandparents had owned slaves Ancestors."— Presentation transcript:

1 Harry Truman & Civil Rights

2 Background Born in Lamar, MO (1884) MO a former slave state Maternal and paternal grandparents had owned slaves Ancestors supported the Confederacy Moved to Independence (1890) Segregation and racism are prevalent

3 Background cont. WWI commands Battery D Many Irish Catholics from KC Haberdashery with Eddie Jacobson ( ) Local politics in the 1920s Pendergast Machine Diverse constituency Supported funding for black hospital Beginning to see African Americans as politically important?

4 Senator Truman Elected in 1934 and 1940 Supports anti lynching law and abolishing the poll tax By 1940 Truman has to rely more on interest groups Pendergast is in jail

5 WWII African Americans are nation’s largest minority pop. (ca. 10%) Over 1 million African Americans served in the war Segregation and discrimination Double V Campaign NAACP’s numbers increase greatly during war

6 President Truman Sworn in as VP 1/20/45 FDR dies (4/12/45), making HST president after only 82 days as VP

7 The UN & human rights UN created (6/26/45) UN Commission on Human Rights (1946) Important to civil rights organizations Allowed groups to petition UN

8 Postwar racial violence Isaac Woodard (South Carolina 2/13/46) Mob violence (Columbia, TN 2/24/46) Lynching (Monroe, GA 7/25/46) HST is alarmed and says he will fight to “end evils like this.” National Negro Congress petitions UN National Emergency Committee Against Mob Violence formed (August, 1946)

9 Truman acts Issues Executive Order 9808 (12/5/46) Establishes President’s Committee on Civil Rights To Secure These Rights (10/29/47) Civil rights speech to joint session of Congress (2/2/48) Issues Executive Order 9981 (6/26/48) Requires military to desegregate Democratic Party splinters prior to election of 1948

10 Why did Truman do it? Why do you think Truman decided to desegregate the military? Create a pie chart that illustrates President Truman’s motivation for issuing Executive Order Consider the following factors: Political concerns Ethical/moral concerns Constitutional concerns Provide a brief written explanation of your pie chart.


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