Presentation on theme: "The Bombing of Hiroshima Plymstock School History Department."— Presentation transcript:
The Bombing of Hiroshima Plymstock School History Department
President Harry Truman: 1884 – 1972 33 rd President of the United States of America Making decisions is easy. I never loose any sleep over the hardest of decisions. I just ask myself ‘ is it in the best interest of the United States and her allies…it’s as simple as that. And remember the ‘the buck stops here’
President Truman In January 1945 Harry Truman became Vice-President of the United States, the deputy to President Roosevelt. However, an aging Roosevelt died suddenly in April 1945 only weeks before the end of the war with Nazi Germany and Truman became President. He was hardly qualified to do the job. His role had been largely symbolic, making speeches and smiling to the cameras. Roosevelt had kept him out of the business of running the war and sidelined him. Truman's only experience of running an organisation had been as the owner of a hardware store. Was he up to the job? Would you be?
President Truman – The Decision Before his death President Roosevelt had given the American and British Combined Chiefs of Staff (the senior officers of the armed forces) the go ahead for two secret operations. 1.Operation Olympic – the invasion of the Japanese home islands 2.The Manhattan Project – the construction of the atomic bomb These operations will now go ahead unless you as President change your mind. Can you make the choice?
President Truman – The Decision It is now August 1945. You are in a meeting with your Chiefs of Staff. They inform you, following the decisions of the late President, that a B-29 Super Fortress bomber has just taken off from the island of Okinawa. The plane, the Enola Gay, is ten minutes way from releasing an Atomic Bomb over the Japanese city of Hiroshima. You have ten minutes to confirm either: 1.The order to drop the bomb 2.Order the Enola Gay to turn around 3.Inform the Chiefs of Staff that you are unable to make a decision as they have rushed you