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THE COLD WAR Revision Session. Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture Part One – 50 mins Section B – The Cold War 1945 -75 Who was to blame for the Cold.

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Presentation on theme: "THE COLD WAR Revision Session. Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture Part One – 50 mins Section B – The Cold War 1945 -75 Who was to blame for the Cold."— Presentation transcript:

1 THE COLD WAR Revision Session

2 Paper One – 2 Hours The Big Picture Part One – 50 mins Section B – The Cold War Who was to blame for the Cold War? Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis? Why did the USA fail in Vietnam? Part Two 70 mins Depth Study – Causes and Events of the 1 st World War Why was there increasing tension between the Great Powers, 1890– 1914? Why did the First World War break out in 1914? What happened on the Western Front? How important were the other fronts?

3 Paper One – Part One The Big Picture 50 mins Section B – The Cold War Who was to blame for the Cold War?  Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945?  How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948?  How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism?  Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR? Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis?  How did the USA react to the Cuban Revolution?  Why did Khrushchev put missiles into Cuba?  Why did Kennedy react as he did?  Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis? Why did the USA fail in Vietnam?  Why did the USA get increasingly involved in Vietnam?  What were the different ways that the USA and the Communists fought the war?  Whose tactics were the most effective – the USA’s or the Communists’?  Why did the USA withdraw from Vietnam?

4 The Cold War Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948? How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? Who was more to blame for the start of the Cold War, the USA or the USSR?

5 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? Think of 3 reasons why these 2 countries were suspicious of each other in

6 Think of 3 reasons why these 2 countries were suspicious of each other at this time. Communism v Capitalism Rivalry of Superpowers They were only allies to defeat Hitler; once that was done, they had no reason to work together You are going to focus on this question: Explain why the USA was hostile to the USSR in the years (8 marks) You now have started to answer the question

7 Explain why the USA was hostile to the USSR in the years (8 marks) 2 Conferences were held to plan what would happen to Europe after the war ended. One was at Yalta and the second was at Potsdam These conferences might give you the reasons why the USA was hostile to the USSR

8 Explain why the USA was hostile to the USSR in the years (8 marks) YaltaPotsdam Germany Leaders Eastern Europe Put the statements in the right boxes Germany to be divided into 4 zones; USSR wanted compensation from Germany; President Truman; Eastern Europe to be seen as under Soviet influence; President Roosevelt; USSR to move its border into Poland; USA adopted a “get tough” attitude; Roosevelt seemed pro-Russian

9 Why did the USA-USSR alliance begin to break down in 1945? YaltaPotsdam GermanyGermany to be divided into 4 zones USSR wanted compensation from Germany LeadersPresident Roosevelt Roosevelt seemed pro-Russian President Truman USA adopted a “get tough” attitude Eastern Europe Eastern Europe to be seen as under Soviet influence USSR to move its border into Poland Can you remember 2 things that had happened that worried USA / USSR ? Does this help to answer the question ?

10 Explain why the USA was hostile to the USSR in the years (8 marks) How had the USSR gained control of Eastern Europe by 1948? Can you think of 3 examples for your answer ?  Now decide the order you should put these reasons in.

11 Explain why the USA was hostile to the USSR in the years (8 marks) How did the USA react to Soviet expansionism? Truman Doctrine (1947) was …? Marshall Plan (1947) was …? Berlin Blockade (1948-9) was …? Complete the sentence for each one; do these help you to answer the question ?

12 Source Question What is the message of the cartoon ?

13 Explain why the USA was hostile to the USSR in the years (8 marks) Give 3 reasons the USA could be blamed for this hostility Give 3 reasons the USSR could be blamed for this hostility

14 Explain why the USA was hostile to the USSR in the years (8 marks) So now think about what events you would include in this answer. Any others ? Communism Disagreements at Yalta / Potsdam Soviet expansion into Europe Berlin blockade

15 Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis? How did the USA react to the Cuban Revolution? Why did Khrushchev put missiles into Cuba? Why did Kennedy react as he did? Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis? Historians argue that this crisis brought the world closer to nuclear war than at any time since What is meant by the Cuban Revolution ? Why was the USA worried ? Give 3 things the USA did

16 Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis ? The Revolution referred to Castro The USA were worried about the spread of communism 3 Things 1. Used the CIA to plan the overthrow of Castro 2. Supported Cuban exiles 3. Refused to co-operate with Cuban businesses

17 Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis ? This source refers to the Bay of Pigs; can you explain it ?

18 Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis ? Why did Khrushchev put missiles into Cuba? Prioritise these reasons. Khrushchev offered Castro missiles as a defence against a US attack Khrushchev believed Kennedy was inexperienced and could be bullied The missile gap Khrushchev wanted to strengthen his own position in the USSR

19 Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis ? Why did Kennedy react as he did? Name 3 possible choices that Kennedy had Which one does he choose and why ? Was he right to choose that option?

20 Who won the Cuban Missile Crisis ? What is the message of the cartoon ?

21 Why did the USA fail in Vietnam?  Why did the USA get increasingly involved in Vietnam?  What were the different ways that the USA and the Communists fought the war?  Whose tactics were the most effective – the USA’s or the Communists’?  Why did the USA withdraw from Vietnam?

22 Why did the USA get increasingly involved in Vietnam? Use the following to construct a sentence which explains why the USA got involved Which one would you put first ? Can you explain them all? Ho Chi Minh Containment Domino Theory Military enthusiasm

23 What were the different ways that the USA and the Communists fought the war? Fill in a diagram to show how the Americans fought Do the same for the VietCong USA Tactics

24 Whose tactics were the most effective – the USA’s or the Communists’? What is the message of this source ? How does it help to explain the problems that the USA faced ? Can you name 2 other problems ?

25 Why did the USA withdraw from Vietnam? What is the message of this source ? Give 3 examples of Anti- War protests back in the USA. What was the Tet Offensive ? (4 marks)


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