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U.S. HISTORY. World War II In July & September 1940, the U.S. imposed embargoes on the sale of petroleum and scrap metal to Japan in response to Japanese.

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Presentation on theme: "U.S. HISTORY. World War II In July & September 1940, the U.S. imposed embargoes on the sale of petroleum and scrap metal to Japan in response to Japanese."— Presentation transcript:

1 U.S. HISTORY

2 World War II

3 In July & September 1940, the U.S. imposed embargoes on the sale of petroleum and scrap metal to Japan in response to Japanese aggression in China. Which of the following is a direct effect of the above events? A. Japan attacked the Soviet capital of Moscow. B. The United States sent Japanese Americans to concentration camps. C. Japan attacked United States naval facilities in Hawaii. D. The United States ordered the closure of Japanese factories on American territory.

4 In July & September 1940, the U.S. imposed embargoes on the sale of petroleum and scrap metal to Japan in response to Japanese aggression in China. Which of the following is a direct effect of the above events? A. Japan attacked the Soviet capital of Moscow. B. The United States sent Japanese Americans to concentration camps. C. Japan attacked United States naval facilities in Hawaii. D. The United States ordered the closure of Japanese factories on American territory.

5 The United States effectively ended World War II by A. capturing Adolf Hitler. B. defeating the Soviet Union. C. dropping the atomic bomb on Japan. D. forcing Germany to surrender.

6 The United States effectively ended World War II by A. capturing Adolf Hitler. B. defeating the Soviet Union. C. dropping the atomic bomb on Japan. D. forcing Germany to surrender.

7 Which of the following contributed MOST to President Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan? A. The belief that an invasion of Japan would cause massive United States casualties B. The desire to retaliate against Japanese kamikaze bombers C. The need to conserve troops for the war effort in Europe D. The desire to demonstrate United States technological superiority

8 Which of the following contributed MOST to President Truman's decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan? A. The belief that an invasion of Japan would cause massive United States casualties B. The desire to retaliate against Japanese kamikaze bombers C. The need to conserve troops for the war effort in Europe D. The desire to demonstrate United States technological superiority

9 The Holocaust is the name given to the German Nazi program to A. exterminate Jews, Gypsies, and other groups in Europe. B. enlarge the borders of Germany in Eastern Europe. C. spread Adolf Hitler’s ideas to other countries. D. overthrow the governments in Greece and Turkey.

10 The Holocaust is the name given to the German Nazi program to A. exterminate Jews, Gypsies, and other groups in Europe. B. enlarge the borders of Germany in Eastern Europe. C. spread Adolf Hitler’s ideas to other countries. D. overthrow the governments in Greece and Turkey.

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12 Which of the following numbers correctly identifies the body of water over which American military forces conducted the D-Day Invasion during World War II? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4

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14 Which of the following numbers correctly identifies the body of water over which American military forces conducted the D-Day Invasion during World War II? A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4

15 What impact did World War II have on many women in the United States? A. Women could serve in U.S. cabinet posts. B. Women began to work in jobs previously held by men. C. Women participated in combat. D. Women earned the same wages as men.

16 What impact did World War II have on many women in the United States? A. Women could serve in U.S. cabinet posts. B. Women began to work in jobs previously held by men. C. Women participated in combat. D. Women earned the same wages as men.

17 Which group of Americans was forced out of their homes and businesses and placed in internment camps after the bombing of Pearl Harbor? A. Chinese Americans B. German Americans C. Italian Americans D. Japanese Americans

18 Which group of Americans was forced out of their homes and businesses and placed in internment camps after the bombing of Pearl Harbor? A. Chinese Americans B. German Americans C. Italian Americans D. Japanese Americans

19 By Island hopping, the United States was able to gain stepping stones for the invasion of A. Japan. B. France. C. North Africa. D. Italy.

20 By Island hopping, the United States was able to gain stepping stones for the invasion of A. Japan. B. France. C. North Africa. D. Italy.

21 The invasion of Europe on D-Day led to A. the overthrow of Mussolini. B. the advance on Germany. C. the capture of Leningrad. D. the Battle of Midway.

22 The invasion of Europe on D-Day led to A. the overthrow of Mussolini. B. the advance on Germany. C. the capture of Leningrad. D. the Battle of Midway.

23 What was the major result of the Manhattan Project? A. The economy of Western Europe was rebuilt. B. All U. S. troops were withdrawn from Vietnam. C. The first atomic bomb was developed. D. Ports on the Great Lakes became world trade centers.

24 What was the major result of the Manhattan Project? A. The economy of Western Europe was rebuilt. B. All U. S. troops were withdrawn from Vietnam. C. The first atomic bomb was developed. D. Ports on the Great Lakes became world trade centers.

25 Shortages during World War II caused the federal government to ration all of the following items EXCEPT A. radios. B. sugar. C. gasoline. D. coffee.

26 Shortages during World War II caused the federal government to ration all of the following items EXCEPT A. radios. B. sugar. C. gasoline. D. coffee.

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28 In March 1941, Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act allowing President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any nation whose defense was essential to America’s security. According to this map, the PRIMARY recipient of the program was A. Great Britain. B. Australia. C. Egypt. D. the Soviet Union.

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30 In March 1941, Congress passed the Lend-Lease Act allowing President Roosevelt to sell or lend war supplies to any nation whose defense was essential to America’s security. According to this map, the PRIMARY recipient of the program was A. Great Britain. B. Australia. C. Egypt. D. the Soviet Union.

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32 According to these two graphs above, one may conclude that between 1941 and 1945 A. an increasing number of automobiles were produced. B. auto production decreased as aircraft production increased. C. industrial demands for steel were greatly reduced. D. military aircraft production was reduced significantly.

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34 According to these two graphs above, one may conclude that between 1941 and 1945 A. an increasing number of automobiles were produced. B. auto production decreased as aircraft production increased. C. industrial demands for steel were greatly reduced. D. military aircraft production was reduced significantly.

35 During and immediately following World War II, many African Americans moved to northeastern and midwestern cities to A. work in steel, automobile, and other factories. B. participate in boycotts and sit-ins. C. live in friendly neighborhoods that welcomed them. D. send their children to racially-integrated public schools.

36 During and immediately following World War II, many African Americans moved to northeastern and midwestern cities to A. work in steel, automobile, and other factories. B. participate in boycotts and sit-ins. C. live in friendly neighborhoods that welcomed them. D. send their children to racially-integrated public schools.

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38 The BEST explanation for the trend in national defense spending between 1945 and 1950 is the A. division of the United Nations. B. end of World War II. C. onset of the Cold War. D. creation of the League of Nations.

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40 The BEST explanation for the trend in national defense spending between 1945 and 1950 is the A. division of the United Nations. B. end of World War II. C. onset of the Cold War. D. creation of the League of Nations.

41 The attacks on “zoot suiters” in Los Angeles was an example of discrimination against A. German Americans. B. African Americans. C. Mexican Americans. D. Japanese Americans.

42 The attacks on “zoot suiters” in Los Angeles was an example of discrimination against A. German Americans. B. African Americans. C. Mexican Americans. D. Japanese Americans.

43 Why did President Franklin D. Roosevelt create the Office of War Mobilization? A. to replace the Office of Price Administration B. to centralize agencies dealing with war production C. to build up wartime morale D. to reduce the government’s role in war production

44 Why did President Franklin D. Roosevelt create the Office of War Mobilization? A. to replace the Office of Price Administration B. to centralize agencies dealing with war production C. to build up wartime morale D. to reduce the government’s role in war production

45 Which statement best describes the effect World War II had on racial conditions in the United States? A. It highlighted the injustice of racism in the country. B. It brought about an end to the Jim Crow system. C. It improved race relations in the northern and western states. D. It improved conditions only for Mexicans and Native Americans.

46 Which statement best describes the effect World War II had on racial conditions in the United States? A. It highlighted the injustice of racism in the country. B. It brought about an end to the Jim Crow system. C. It improved race relations in the northern and western states. D. It improved conditions only for Mexicans and Native Americans.

47 The government assumed that after World War II most working women would A. go back to school to learn job skills. B. become full-time homemakers again. C. switch to part-time work. D. continue in their jobs.

48 The government assumed that after World War II most working women would B. become full-time homemakers again. A. go back to school to learn job skills. B. become full-time homemakers again. C. switch to part-time work. D. continue in their jobs.

49 What led the government to evacuate Japanese Americans from the West Coast? A. long-held prejudice, and fears inflamed by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor B. terrorist attacks by immigrants living on the West Coast C. lack of patriotism and participation in the war effort D. refusal of the Nisei to accept United States citizenship

50 What led the government to evacuate Japanese Americans from the West Coast? A. long-held prejudice, and fears inflamed by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor B. terrorist attacks by immigrants living on the West Coast C. lack of patriotism and participation in the war effort D. refusal of the Nisei to accept United States citizenship

51 Campaigns to collect scrap metal, kitchen fats, and other materials were promoted mainly to A. lend these supplies to Great Britain and France. B. create paying jobs for children and older adults. C. distribute such materials without rationing. D. keep the people on the home front actively involved in the war effort.

52 Campaigns to collect scrap metal, kitchen fats, and other materials were promoted mainly to A. lend these supplies to Great Britain and France. B. create paying jobs for children and older adults. C. distribute such materials without rationing. D. keep the people on the home front actively involved in the war effort. D. keep the people on the home front actively involved in the war effort.

53 In the 1920s, the debate between isolationists and internationalists centered on A. what role the United States should play in world affairs. B. how many ships the United States Navy should maintain. C. how the United States should respond to Hitler’s aggression. D. whether United States troops should be withdrawn from Nicaragua.

54 In the 1920s, the debate between isolationists and internationalists centered on A. what role the United States should play in world affairs. B. how many ships the United States Navy should maintain. C. how the United States should respond to Hitler’s aggression. D. whether United States troops should be withdrawn from Nicaragua.

55 More than 100,000 Japanese Americans were forcibly relocated from the Pacific coast to internment camps. Many Japanese Americans fought bravely for the United States during the war.

56 Which conclusion can you draw from the two facts above? A. Japanese Americans were suspected of spying for Japan. B. Japanese Americans had to sell their homes at a great loss. C. Despite being uprooted, Japanese Americans proved their loyalty to the United States. D. The Supreme Court ruled that Japanese Americans could legally be relocated.

57 Which conclusion can you draw from the two facts above? A. Japanese Americans were suspected of spying for Japan. B. Japanese Americans had to sell their homes at a great loss. C. Despite being uprooted, Japanese Americans proved their loyalty to the United States. D. The Supreme Court ruled that Japanese Americans could legally be relocated.

58 Adolf Hitler won support in Germany, in part, by attacking the A. Stimson Doctrine. B. Dawes Plan. C. Treaty of Versailles. D. Good Neighbor policy.

59 Adolf Hitler won support in Germany, in part, by attacking the A. Stimson Doctrine. B. Dawes Plan. C. Treaty of Versailles. D. Good Neighbor policy.

60 Operation Overlord helped the Soviet Union by A. opening the Mediterranean to Allied shipping. B. supplying Soviet forces with weapons and airplanes. C. ending the siege of Stalingrad. D. opening a western front to divert German forces.

61 Operation Overlord helped the Soviet Union by D. opening a western front to divert German forces. A. opening the Mediterranean to Allied shipping. B. supplying Soviet forces with weapons and airplanes. C. ending the siege of Stalingrad. D. opening a western front to divert German forces.

62 The goal of the Lend-Lease Act was to A. help Britain in the war against Germany. B. stop Japanese aggression in China. C. prevent the Soviet Union from invading Poland. D. protect American merchant ships.

63 The goal of the Lend-Lease Act was to A. help Britain in the war against Germany. A. help Britain in the war against Germany. B. stop Japanese aggression in China. C. prevent the Soviet Union from invading Poland. D. protect American merchant ships.

64 The immediate cause of World War II was the A. signing of the Four-Power Treaty. B. German invasion of Poland. C. Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. D. invasion of France.

65 The immediate cause of World War II was the B. German invasion of Poland. A. signing of the Four-Power Treaty. B. German invasion of Poland. C. Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. D. invasion of France.

66 France and Britain followed a policy of appeasement because they A. wanted to avoid another world war. B. knew they could not defeat Hitler. C. were determined to stop Hitler’s aggression. D. feared Mussolini more than Hitler.

67 France and Britain followed a policy of appeasement because they A. wanted to avoid another world war. B. knew they could not defeat Hitler. C. were determined to stop Hitler’s aggression. D. feared Mussolini more than Hitler.

68 The attack on Pearl Harbor surprised the United States because the government expected Japan to A. withdraw its troops from China. B. attack Southeast Asia. C. respect American neutrality. D. sign the Atlantic Charter.

69 The attack on Pearl Harbor surprised the United States because the government expected Japan to B. attack Southeast Asia. A. withdraw its troops from China. B. attack Southeast Asia. C. respect American neutrality. D. sign the Atlantic Charter.

70 Which nations were members of the Axis powers in 1942? A. Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union B. Great Britain, Italy, and Germany C. Great Britain, France, and the United States D. Japan, Germany, and Italy

71 Which nations were members of the Axis powers in 1942? D. Japan, Germany, and Italy A. Germany, Japan, and the Soviet Union B. Great Britain, Italy, and Germany C. Great Britain, France, and the United States D. Japan, Germany, and Italy

72 Which pair of nations fought on the same side in World War II? A. Italy and Great Britain B. the Soviet Union and Germany C. Japan and the United States D. the United States and the Soviet Union

73 Which pair of nations fought on the same side in World War II? D. the United States and the Soviet Union A. Italy and Great Britain B. the Soviet Union and Germany C. Japan and the United States D. the United States and the Soviet Union

74 The immediate cause of the Japanese surrender was the A. capture of Iwo Jima. B. surrender of Germany. C. bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. D. Allied victory in the Coral Sea.

75 The immediate cause of the Japanese surrender was the C. bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. A. capture of Iwo Jima. B. surrender of Germany. C. bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. D. Allied victory in the Coral Sea.

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77 In Europe, World War II began when Germany invaded Poland. Use the map above to locate Poland. A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4

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79 In Europe, World War II began when Germany invaded Poland. Use the map above to locate Poland. D. 4 A. 1 B. 2 C. 3 D. 4

80 Which of the following best describes women who went to work during wartime? A. young and unmarried B. primarily African American C. white and middle class D. of all ages, ethnic, and economic backgrounds

81 Which of the following best describes women who went to work during wartime? D. of all ages, ethnic, and economic backgrounds A. young and unmarried B. primarily African American C. white and middle class D. of all ages, ethnic, and economic backgrounds

82 During the 1930s, Hitler, Mussolini, and the military leaders of Japan A. began invading neighboring lands. B. had a monopoly on world trade. C. organized the League of Nations. D. bolstered national pride by calling for free elections.

83 During the 1930s, Hitler, Mussolini, and the military leaders of Japan A. began invading neighboring lands. B. had a monopoly on world trade. C. organized the League of Nations. D. bolstered national pride by calling for free elections.

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85 President Harry Truman justified his decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan by saying that this action would A. cause minimal damage to the environment. B. be cheaper than conventional weapons. C. shorten the war and save the lives of U.S. soldiers. D. help scientific research.

86 President Harry Truman justified his decision to drop atomic bombs on Japan by saying that this action would A. cause minimal damage to the environment. B. be cheaper than conventional weapons. C. shorten the war and save the lives of U.S. soldiers. D. help scientific research.

87 The United States entered World War II immediately after A. Russia invaded Manchuria. B. Germany attacked Poland. C. Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. D. Italy conquered Ethiopia.

88 The United States entered World War II immediately after A. Russia invaded Manchuria. B. Germany attacked Poland. C. Japan bombed Pearl Harbor. D. Italy conquered Ethiopia.

89 “December 7, 1941…a date which will live in infamy.”

90 President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered this speech urging the U.S. Congress to A. declare war on Germany in response to submarine attacks on U.S. ships. B. support the D-Day offensive at Normandy. C. continue to support U.S. neutrality in World War II. D. declare war on Japan for bombing Pearl Harbor.

91 President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivered this speech urging the U.S. Congress to A. declare war on Germany in response to submarine attacks on U.S. ships. B. support the D-Day offensive at Normandy. C. continue to support U.S. neutrality in World War II. D. declare war on Japan for bombing Pearl Harbor.

92 During the Holocaust, Adolf Hitler used concentration camps to A. conduct secret research to develop atomic weapons. B. carry out his policy of genocide against the Jewish people. C. imprison Allied soldiers captured in battle. D. put Allied leaders on trial in a military court.

93 During the Holocaust, Adolf Hitler used concentration camps to A. conduct secret research to develop atomic weapons. B. carry out his policy of genocide against the Jewish people. C. imprison Allied soldiers captured in battle. D. put Allied leaders on trial in a military court.

94 President Harry Truman’s point of view about dropping the atomic bomb was that A. the bomb was available and therefore should be used. B. dropping the bomb was justified because it would save American lives. C. Japan would surrender rather than face the destruction from the bomb. D. the United States had developed the greatest weapon in history.

95 President Harry Truman’s point of view about dropping the atomic bomb was that A. the bomb was available and therefore should be used. B. dropping the bomb was justified because it would save American lives. C. Japan would surrender rather than face the destruction from the bomb. D. the United States had developed the greatest weapon in history.

96 In 1942 Adolf Hitler began to carry out his “final solution,” the extermination of Jewish people. This became known as A. D-Day. B. Kristallnacht. C. Mein Kampf. D. the Holocaust.

97 In 1942 Adolf Hitler began to carry out his “final solution,” the extermination of Jewish people. This became known as A. D-Day. B. Kristallnacht. C. Mein Kampf. D. the Holocaust.

98 The federal government raised money for World War II efforts in all of the following ways EXCEPT A. selling war bonds. B. defaulting on reparations payments. C. raising personal income taxes. D. borrowing funds.

99 The federal government raised money for World War II efforts in all of the following ways EXCEPT A. selling war bonds. B. defaulting on reparations payments. C. raising personal income taxes. D. borrowing funds.

100 The MAIN justification for the internment of Japanese Americans after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941 was to A. protect them from anti-Japanese riots and demonstrations. B. preserve the security of the United States. C. adhere to the Open Door Policy. D. prevent leaks about the development of the atomic bomb.

101 The MAIN justification for the internment of Japanese Americans after the bombing of Pearl Harbor in 1941 was to A. protect them from anti-Japanese riots and demonstrations. B. preserve the security of the United States. C. adhere to the Open Door Policy. D. prevent leaks about the development of the atomic bomb.

102 To maintain the United States as an “arsenal for democracy” in World War II, Congress passed the A. Dawes Act. B. Lend-Lease Act. C. Open Door Policy. D. Good Neighbor Policy.

103 To maintain the United States as an “arsenal for democracy” in World War II, Congress passed the A. Dawes Act. B. Lend-Lease Act. C. Open Door Policy. D. Good Neighbor Policy.

104 When the United States entered World War II, it became allied with A. Britain. B. Japan. C. Germany. D. Italy.

105 When the United States entered World War II, it became allied with A. Britain. B. Japan. C. Germany. D. Italy.

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107 Which area designated on the map above shows where the United States military was attacked in 1941? A. I B. II C. III D. IV

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109 Which area designated on the map above shows where the United States military was attacked in 1941? A. I B. II C. III D. IV

110 Which of the following events had the GREATEST influence on the United States’ entry into World War II? A. Adolf Hitler invaded Poland. B. Germany sank the Lusitania. C. Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. D. General MacArthur was captured in the Philippine Islands.

111 Which of the following events had the GREATEST influence on the United States’ entry into World War II? A. Adolf Hitler invaded Poland. B. Germany sank the Lusitania. C. Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. D. General MacArthur was captured in the Philippine Islands.

112 I have said this before, but I shall say it again and again and again: your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars. — President Franklin Roosevelt, October 30, 1940

113 The statement above could BEST be interpreted as a commitment to A. imperialism. B. isolationism. C. militarism. D. socialism.

114 The statement above could BEST be interpreted as a commitment to A. imperialism. B. isolationism. C. militarism. D. socialism.

115 The economic depression of the 1930s was ended by the A. demand for manufactured goods caused by World War II. B. effects of the New Deal on the United States economy. C. removal of federal regulations on the stock market. D. “baby boom” and the resulting rise of suburbs.

116 The economic depression of the 1930s was ended by the A. demand for manufactured goods caused by World War II. B. effects of the New Deal on the United States economy. C. removal of federal regulations on the stock market. D. “baby boom” and the resulting rise of suburbs.

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118 The poster above shows that during World War II, civilians on the home front A. faced extreme personal hardships. B. were hired to distribute surplus food. C. experienced rationing of meat products. D. were encouraged to participate in the war effort.

119 The poster above shows that during World War II, civilians on the home front A. faced extreme personal hardships. B. were hired to distribute surplus food. C. experienced rationing of meat products. D. were encouraged to participate in the war effort.

120 Which of the following is true of the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, commonly referred to as the military draft? A. It required both men and women to register for military service. B. It required able-bodied men between the ages of 15 and 65 to register. C. It mandated military service for all high- school dropouts. D. It was enacted during a period when the United States was at peace.

121 Which of the following is true of the Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, commonly referred to as the military draft? A. It required both men and women to register for military service. B. It required able-bodied men between the ages of 15 and 65 to register. C. It mandated military service for all high- school dropouts. D. It was enacted during a period when the United States was at peace.

122 During World War II, war bonds were PRIMARILY sold to A. increase the involvement of volunteer organizations. B. inspire loyalty among immigrants who had recently arrived. C. demonstrate the determination of the United States government. D. help the United States government finance the cost of the conflict.

123 During World War II, war bonds were PRIMARILY sold to A. increase the involvement of volunteer organizations. B. inspire loyalty among immigrants who had recently arrived. C. demonstrate the determination of the United States government. D. help the United States government finance the cost of the conflict.

124 In order to defeat the Japanese in the Pacific during World War II, the United States used which of the following military tactics? A. Blitzkrieg B. Genocide C. Trench warfare D. Island hopping

125 In order to defeat the Japanese in the Pacific during World War II, the United States used which of the following military tactics? A. Blitzkrieg B. Genocide C. Trench warfare D. Island hopping

126 During World War II, industrialists in the United States contributed to the war effort by A. increasing the salaries of child laborers. B. converting factories into military hospitals. C. building houses for the families of soldiers. D. making weapons instead of consumer goods.

127 During World War II, industrialists in the United States contributed to the war effort by A. increasing the salaries of child laborers. B. converting factories into military hospitals. C. building houses for the families of soldiers. D. making weapons instead of consumer goods.

128 Congress passed the Neutrality Acts in order to A. outlaw trade with neutral nations. B. keep the United States out of the war. C. improve relations with Latin America. D. stop trade with Cuba.

129 Congress passed the Neutrality Acts in order to A. outlaw trade with neutral nations. B. keep the United States out of the war. C. improve relations with Latin America. D. stop trade with Cuba.

130 Britain and France declared war on Germany after Germany A. invaded North Africa. B. attacked Britain. C. invaded Poland. D. attacked Pearl Harbor.

131 Britain and France declared war on Germany after Germany A. invaded North Africa. B. attacked Britain. C. invaded Poland. D. attacked Pearl Harbor.

132 The United States sold and lent war materials to the Allies through the A. Good Neighbor Policy. B. Lend-Lease Act. C. Potsdam Declaration. D. Atlantic Charter.

133 The United States sold and lent war materials to the Allies through the A. Good Neighbor Policy. B. Lend-Lease Act. C. Potsdam Declaration. D. Atlantic Charter.

134 What did the term “island hopping” refer to during World War II? A. The U.S. policy of bombing only the four main islands of Japan. B. The Japanese program to encourage discontent in the Hawaiian Islands. C. The U.S. strategy of attacking some Pacific islands while bypassing others. D. The British defense system that stopped Hitler’s air attacks on the British Isles.

135 What did the term “island hopping” refer to during World War II? A. The U.S. policy of bombing only the four main islands of Japan. B. The Japanese program to encourage discontent in the Hawaiian Islands. C. The U.S. strategy of attacking some Pacific islands while bypassing others. D. The British defense system that stopped Hitler’s air attacks on the British Isles.

136 All of the following resulted from Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, EXCEPT A. many Americans’ attitudes about neutrality changed to support a war against the Axis powers. B. thousands of Japanese Americans were sent to internment camps soon after war was declared. C. Americans of German descent were deported to Germany. D. millions of women were able to find jobs in defense industries.

137 All of the following resulted from Japan’s attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941, EXCEPT A. many Americans’ attitudes about neutrality changed to support a war against the Axis powers. B. thousands of Japanese Americans were sent to internment camps soon after war was declared. C. Americans of German descent were deported to Germany. D. millions of women were able to find jobs in defense industries.

138 Which statement best explains how the role of women in the U.S. changed during World War II? A. Most women joined the armed forces. B. Many women ran for political office. C. Many women worked in business and industry. D. Most women led demonstrations against the war.

139 Which statement best explains how the role of women in the U.S. changed during World War II? A. Most women joined the armed forces. B. Many women ran for political office. C. Many women worked in business and industry. D. Most women led demonstrations against the war.

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141 In 1941, the United States was attacked by the nation labeled A. I. B. II. C. III. D. IV.

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143 In 1941, the United States was attacked by the nation labeled A. I. B. II. C. III. D. IV.

144 When the United States entered World War II they became allied with A. the Soviet Union. B. Japan. C. Germany. D. Italy.

145 When the United States entered World War II they became allied with A. the Soviet Union. B. Japan. C. Germany. D. Italy.

146 One of the most important domestic results of the war effort was A. the end of all discrimination for All-lean Americans. B. the bombing of Hiroshima. C. the establishment of the Federal Reserve System. D. the end of the Great Depression.

147 One of the most important domestic results of the war effort was A. the end of all discrimination for All-lean Americans. B. the bombing of Hiroshima. C. the establishment of the Federal Reserve System. D. the end of the Great Depression.

148 Consequences of Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan included all of the following EXCEPT A. the surrender of Japan. B. full-scale invasion of Japan by U.S. troops. C. destruction of two Japanese cities. D. the deaths of thousands of civilians.

149 Consequences of Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb against Japan included all of the following EXCEPT A. the surrender of Japan. B. full-scale invasion of Japan by U.S. troops. C. destruction of two Japanese cities. D. the deaths of thousands of civilians.

150 At which of the following conferences did Stalin agree to hold free elections in the countries of Eastern Europe? A. London B. Casablanca C. Yalta D. San Francisco

151 At which of the following conferences did Stalin agree to hold free elections in the countries of Eastern Europe? A. London B. Casablanca C. Yalta D. San Francisco

152 The Cold War and The 1950s

153 Which of the following events was NOT associated with the Cold War Era? A.Berlin Blockade B.Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo C.Vietnam War D.Korean War

154 Which of the following events was NOT associated with the Cold War Era? A.Berlin Blockade B.Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo C.Vietnam War D.Korean War

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156 Which of the following factors would be LEAST likely to explain the growth in migration to California between 1930 and 1990? A.Development of the interstate highway system B.Increases in automobile production in the United States C.Expansion of the rail transportation system D.Climate and high-tech employment opportunities

157 Which of the following factors would be LEAST likely to explain the growth in migration to California between 1930 and 1990? A.Development of the interstate highway system B.Increases in automobile production in the United States C.Expansion of the rail transportation system D.Climate and high-tech employment opportunities

158 A shadow has fallen upon the scenes so lately lighted by the Allied victory…an iron curtain has descended across the continent. Behind that line lie all the capitals of the ancient states of Central and Eastern Europe.

159 In the quotation above, Winston Churchill described the A.economic problems facing Europe following World War II. B.need to rebuild the defensive fortifications of pre-World War II Europe. C.forced separation of Europe into communist and democratic nations. D.collapse of organized government in communist-controlled areas in Europe.

160 In the quotation above, Winston Churchill described the A.economic problems facing Europe following World War II. B.need to rebuild the defensive fortifications of pre-World War II Europe. C.forced separation of Europe into communist and democratic nations. D.collapse of organized government in communist-controlled areas in Europe.

161 The proclamation of the Truman Doctrine in 1947 was one of the first post World War II actions taken by the United States to A.contain communist expansion. B.expand United States influence in Latin America. C.break down international trade barriers. D.restrict military actions by the United Nations.

162 The proclamation of the Truman Doctrine in 1947 was one of the first post World War II actions taken by the United States to A.contain communist expansion. B.expand United States influence in Latin America. C.break down international trade barriers. D.restrict military actions by the United Nations.

163 The United Nations is made up of six main bodies, one of which is the Security Council. At the time of its founding, five nations—China, France, Great Britain, the Soviet Union, and the United States—were permanent members of the Security Council.

164 What did these five permanent members of the Security Council have in common? A.They were all communist nations. B.They were all Axis powers during World War II. C.They were all gold-standard countries. D.They were all Allied powers during World War II.

165 What did these five permanent members of the Security Council have in common? A.They were all communist nations. B.They were all Axis powers during World War II. C.They were all gold-standard countries. D.They were all Allied powers during World War II.

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167 How did the trend on the graph MOST affect the distribution of population in the United States? A.Business districts in large cities grew. B.People began to move in increasing numbers to suburban areas. C.Industries were forced to relocate to rural areas. D.People were forced to live closer to their jobs.

168 How did the trend on the graph MOST affect the distribution of population in the United States? A.Business districts in large cities grew. B.People began to move in increasing numbers to suburban areas. C.Industries were forced to relocate to rural areas. D.People were forced to live closer to their jobs.

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170 The shaded area on the map above is intended to show — A.the division of Germany between Western and Soviet control after WWII. B.the areas of South Vietnam controlled by Vietcong and North Vietnamese Army units after the Tet Offensive. C.the creation of the independent nations of India and Pakistan in D.the final border established between North Korea and South Korea after the Armistice of 1953.

171 The shaded area on the map above is intended to show — A.the division of Germany between Western and Soviet control after WWII. B.the areas of South Vietnam controlled by Vietcong and North Vietnamese Army units after the Tet Offensive. C.the creation of the independent nations of India and Pakistan in D.the final border established between North Korea and South Korea after the Armistice of 1953.

172 Why did President Truman remove General MacArthur from his position as Supreme Allied Commander during the Korean War? A.MacArthur wanted to give up part of South Korea to the North Koreans. B.MacArthur criticized the South Koreans for not fighting hard enough. C.MacArthur wanted to expand the conflict into China. D.MacArthur could not get along with those under his command.

173 Why did President Truman remove General MacArthur from his position as Supreme Allied Commander during the Korean War? A.MacArthur wanted to give up part of South Korea to the North Koreans. B.MacArthur criticized the South Koreans for not fighting hard enough. C.MacArthur wanted to expand the conflict into China. D.MacArthur could not get along with those under his command.

174 Which one of the following events is generally recognized as the start of the Civil Rights Movement? A.African American college students staged a sit-in at the Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. B.A multiracial march was organized for Washington, D.C., to demonstrate for human rights. C.Rosa Parks, an African American woman, refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama.

175 Which one of the following events is generally recognized as the start of the Civil Rights Movement? A.African American college students staged a sit-in at the Woolworth’s lunch counter in Greensboro, North Carolina. B.A multiracial march was organized for Washington, D.C., to demonstrate for human rights. C.Rosa Parks, an African American woman, refused to give up her seat on a bus in Montgomery, Alabama.

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177 Which one of the following statements BEST explains the pattern of foreign aid spending shown in the graph above? A.Aid to Europe declined once rebuilding efforts following WWII were complete, and more aid was sent to nations where communism was a threat. B.A severe economic recession forced the U.S. to cut aid to all regions. C.U.S. aid to European countries such as Poland and Hungary was more important after they joined the Warsaw Pact.

178 Which one of the following statements BEST explains the pattern of foreign aid spending shown in the graph above? A.Aid to Europe declined once rebuilding efforts following WWII were complete, and more aid was sent to nations where communism was a threat. B.A severe economic recession forced the U.S. to cut aid to all regions. C.U.S. aid to European countries such as Poland and Hungary was more important after they joined the Warsaw Pact.

179 In the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court A.declared school segregation unconstitutional. B.held that race may be used as one of several factors in determining college admissions. C.established the “separate but equal” doctrine for all public accommodations. D.held busing to be an appropriate means of achieving integrated schools.

180 In the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education (1954), the Supreme Court A.declared school segregation unconstitutional. B.held that race may be used as one of several factors in determining college admissions. C.established the “separate but equal” doctrine for all public accommodations. D.held busing to be an appropriate means of achieving integrated schools.

181 The air conditioner became available for home use in the 1950s. This invention contributed to a major migration that began after World War II and continues today. To what region of the United States has this migration occurred? A.Great Lakes B.Pacific Northwest C.Sun Belt D.Rust Belt

182 The air conditioner became available for home use in the 1950s. This invention contributed to a major migration that began after World War II and continues today. To what region of the United States has this migration occurred? A.Great Lakes B.Pacific Northwest C.Sun Belt D.Rust Belt

183 The Cold War term “Berlin Airlift” refers to the A.American effort to stop Stalin’s blockade of roads and railways leading through East Germany to West Berlin. B.transport by military aircraft of East Berliners who had escaped over the Berlin Wall and asked to be relocated to West Germany. C.Allied bombing of Berlin and other German cities that brought about an end to the war in Europe.

184 The Cold War term “Berlin Airlift” refers to the A.American effort to stop Stalin’s blockade of roads and railways leading through East Germany to West Berlin. B.transport by military aircraft of East Berliners who had escaped over the Berlin Wall and asked to be relocated to West Germany. C.Allied bombing of Berlin and other German cities that brought about an end to the war in Europe.

185

186 The trend illustrated on the graph above contributed the MOST to the A.decrease in road construction projects. B.growth of suburban developments. C.decreased role of government in daily life. D.increasing importance of public transportation systems.

187 The trend illustrated on the graph above contributed the MOST to the A.decrease in road construction projects. B.growth of suburban developments. C.decreased role of government in daily life. D.increasing importance of public transportation systems.

188 During the 1950s, women were generally expected to play the role of A.part-time working mother. B.full-time working executive. C.stay-at-home wife and mother. D.small business owner.

189 During the 1950s, women were generally expected to play the role of A.part-time working mother. B.full-time working executive. C.stay-at-home wife and mother. D.small business owner.

190

191 The BEST explanation for the trend in national defense spending beginning in 1950 is the A.division of the United Nations. B.end of World War II. C.onset of the Cold War. D.creation of the League of Nations.

192 The BEST explanation for the trend in national defense spending beginning in 1950 is the A.division of the United Nations. B.end of World War II. C.onset of the Cold War. D.creation of the League of Nations.

193 The construction of highways in the 1950s resulted in each of the following EXCEPT the A.growth of suburban areas. B.decreased dependence on sources of oil. C.increase in popularity of shopping centers. D.movement of industry away from central cities.

194 The construction of highways in the 1950s resulted in each of the following EXCEPT the A.growth of suburban areas. B.decreased dependence on sources of oil. C.increase in popularity of shopping centers. D.movement of industry away from central cities.

195 During the 1950s, Senator Joseph McCarthy became famous for his accusations that communists worked inside the United States government. Senator McCarthy lost public support as a result of the A.Korean War armistice. B.Geneva Convention. C.televised Senate hearings. D.lawsuit filed against him.

196 During the 1950s, Senator Joseph McCarthy became famous for his accusations that communists worked inside the United States government. Senator McCarthy lost public support as a result of the A.Korean War armistice. B.Geneva Convention. C.televised Senate hearings. D.lawsuit filed against him.

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198 During the early 1950s, American-led United Nations forces successfully resisted Communist aggression in the area labeled A.I. B.II. C.III. D.IV.

199

200 During the early 1950s, American-led United Nations forces successfully resisted Communist aggression in the area labeled A.I. B.II. C.III. D.IV.

201 Which of the following can be considered a direct response to the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization? A.The Chinese Civil War B.The Warsaw Pact C.The Korean War D.The Cuban Missile Crisis

202 Which of the following can be considered a direct response to the creation of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization? A.The Chinese Civil War B.The Warsaw Pact C.The Korean War D.The Cuban Missile Crisis

203 From the late 1940s to the present, the MAIN goals of American foreign policy in the Middle East have been to preserve the independence of Israel and to A.encourage industrial development throughout the area. B.maintain good relations with the major oil-producing nations. C.spread undemocratic ideas throughout the region. D.encourage Arab nations to adopt isolationism.

204 From the late 1940s to the present, the MAIN goals of American foreign policy in the Middle East have been to preserve the independence of Israel and to A.encourage industrial development throughout the area. B.maintain good relations with the major oil-producing nations. C.spread undemocratic ideas throughout the region. D.encourage Arab nations to adopt isolationism.

205 During and immediately following World War II, many African Americans moved to northeastern and midwestern cities to A.work in steel, automobile, and other factories. B.participate in boycotts and sit-ins. C.live in friendly neighborhoods that welcomed them. D.send their children to racially-integrated public schools.

206 During and immediately following World War II, many African Americans moved to northeastern and midwestern cities to A.work in steel, automobile, and other factories. B.participate in boycotts and sit-ins. C.live in friendly neighborhoods that welcomed them. D.send their children to racially-integrated public schools.

207 Which of the following were included in Harry Truman’s “Fair Deal”? A.Graduated income taxes and government regulation of the economy B.Federal subsidies to farmers and free coinage of silver C.Housing, minimum wages, and increased Social Security benefits D.Environmental protection and consumer protection laws

208 Which of the following were included in Harry Truman’s “Fair Deal”? A.Graduated income taxes and government regulation of the economy B.Federal subsidies to farmers and free coinage of silver C.Housing, minimum wages, and increased Social Security benefits D.Environmental protection and consumer protection laws

209 Between 1948 and 1951, the United States spent $13 billion to rebuild the war-torn countries of Western Europe. This effort was proposed by the United States secretary of state, who saw it as a way to help keep Western Europe free of communism. This plan was called the A.Roosevelt Corollary. B.Marshall Plan. C.Good Neighbor Policy. D.Domino Theory.

210 Between 1948 and 1951, the United States spent $13 billion to rebuild the war-torn countries of Western Europe. This effort was proposed by the United States secretary of state, who saw it as a way to help keep Western Europe free of communism. This plan was called the A.Roosevelt Corollary. B.Marshall Plan. C.Good Neighbor Policy. D.Domino Theory.

211 During the first half of the twentieth century, most Americans made their living as blue-collar workers, meaning they produced goods. By 1950, most American workers held white-collar jobs in which they performed services as office workers.

212 This change in the make-up of the work force can BEST be explained by A.an increase in labor unions. B.improvements in industrial technology. C.decreased opportunities for higher education. D.government programs designed to create factory jobs.

213 This change in the make-up of the work force can BEST be explained by A.an increase in labor unions. B.improvements in industrial technology. C.decreased opportunities for higher education. D.government programs designed to create factory jobs.

214 During the 1950s, the federal government expanded its interstate highway system to include “beltways” that encircled large metropolitan areas. Which of the following is a result of the increased construction of transportation systems? A.Pay telephones B.Improved waterfronts C.Streetcar lines D.Shopping malls

215 During the 1950s, the federal government expanded its interstate highway system to include “beltways” that encircled large metropolitan areas. Which of the following is a result of the increased construction of transportation systems? A.Pay telephones B.Improved waterfronts C.Streetcar lines D.Shopping malls

216 During the change from a wartime to a peacetime economy following World War II, President Harry Truman found himself forced to A.lower the retirement age to 65. B.take actions to prevent labor strikes. C.discontinue financial aid to Europe. D.veto legislation for civil rights.

217 During the change from a wartime to a peacetime economy following World War II, President Harry Truman found himself forced to A.lower the retirement age to 65. B.take actions to prevent labor strikes. C.discontinue financial aid to Europe. D.veto legislation for civil rights.

218

219 The creation of which of the following is reflected in this cartoon? A.National Park Service B.Federal Reserve System C.Interstate Commerce Commission D.Interstate Highway System

220 The creation of which of the following is reflected in this cartoon? A.National Park Service B.Federal Reserve System C.Interstate Commerce Commission D.Interstate Highway System

221 The Korean War began on June 25, Which of the following events started the war? A.Kim Il Sung was assassinated. B.The United States forced North and South Korea to unite. C.North Korean troops invaded South Korea. D.The United States invaded North Korea.

222 The Korean War began on June 25, Which of the following events started the war? A.Kim Il Sung was assassinated. B.The United States forced North and South Korea to unite. C.North Korean troops invaded South Korea. D.The United States invaded North Korea.

223 Since the end of hostilities, the United States has invested its substance and its energy in a great constructive effort to restore peace, stability, and freedom to the world. —President Harry Truman, 1949

224 In the excerpt above, President Truman is referring to the A.outbreak of the Vietnam War. B.passage of the Marshall Plan. C.placement of missiles in Cuba. D.creation of the League of Nations.

225 In the excerpt above, President Truman is referring to the A.outbreak of the Vietnam War. B.passage of the Marshall Plan. C.placement of missiles in Cuba. D.creation of the League of Nations.

226 We the peoples of the United Nations Determined to save succeeding generations from the scourge of war… Have resolved to combine our efforts to accomplish these aims. —Preamble to the U.N. Charter, 1945

227 The quote above implies that, by signing the treaty that created the United Nations, the United States committed itself to A.reducing international trade barriers. B.establishing international food banks. C.participating in international efforts to prevent conflicts. D.joining international alliances to stop the spread of communism.

228 The quote above implies that, by signing the treaty that created the United Nations, the United States committed itself to A.reducing international trade barriers. B.establishing international food banks. C.participating in international efforts to prevent conflicts. D.joining international alliances to stop the spread of communism.

229 Which of the following contributed to the Eisenhower Administration’s failure to improve relations with the Soviet Union? A.Tet Offensive B.Pueblo Incident C.Cuban Missile Crisis D.U-2 Spy Plane Incident

230 Which of the following contributed to the Eisenhower Administration’s failure to improve relations with the Soviet Union? A.Tet Offensive B.Pueblo Incident C.Cuban Missile Crisis D.U-2 Spy Plane Incident

231 Which of the following American foreign policy theories held that if one nation in a region fell to communism, the whole region would fall to communism? A.Domino Theory B.Marshall Plan C.Roosevelt Corollary D.Truman Doctrine

232 Which of the following American foreign policy theories held that if one nation in a region fell to communism, the whole region would fall to communism? A.Domino Theory B.Marshall Plan C.Roosevelt Corollary D.Truman Doctrine

233 Which of these accurately describes the impact of technology upon American society in the 1950s? A.Automobiles established family unity for teenagers. B.Television promoted the image of a suburban family. C.Appliances encouraged men to take on domestic chores. D.Movies increased the percentage of women holding jobs.

234 Which of these accurately describes the impact of technology upon American society in the 1950s? A.Automobiles established family unity for teenagers. B.Television promoted the image of a suburban family. C.Appliances encouraged men to take on domestic chores. D.Movies increased the percentage of women holding jobs.

235 We conclude that in the field of public education the doctrine of “separate but equal” has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal. —Brown v. Board of Education, 1954

236 Which statement BEST describes the meaning of this section of the Supreme Court ruling? A.Local schools should solve their own problems. B.The act of legally segregating the races in schools is unconstitutional. C.Schools should be funded in a way that provides equal amounts of money. D.In order to provide equality in schools, the federal government must control local schools.

237 Which statement BEST describes the meaning of this section of the Supreme Court ruling? A.Local schools should solve their own problems. B.The act of legally segregating the races in schools is unconstitutional. C.Schools should be funded in a way that provides equal amounts of money. D.In order to provide equality in schools, the federal government must control local schools.

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239 The map above could BEST be used to show which of the following? A.The creation of a common market in Europe B.The increase in the number of neutral nations in Europe C.The collapse of international peacekeeping efforts in Europe D.The division between communist and non-communist alliances in Europe

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241 The map above could BEST be used to show which of the following? A.The creation of a common market in Europe B.The increase in the number of neutral nations in Europe C.The collapse of international peacekeeping efforts in Europe D.The division between communist and non-communist alliances in Europe

242 A good example of the Truman Doctrine in action immediately following World War II would be the United States’ A.bombing of Hiroshima. B.alliance with the Soviet Union. C.reorganization of armed forces. D.granting of aid to Greece and Turkey.

243 A good example of the Truman Doctrine in action immediately following World War II would be the United States’ A.bombing of Hiroshima. B.alliance with the Soviet Union. C.reorganization of armed forces. D.granting of aid to Greece and Turkey.

244 The technology MOST responsible for the rapid development of suburbs in the 1950s was A.appliances. B.automobiles. C.railroads. D.telephones.

245 The technology MOST responsible for the rapid development of suburbs in the 1950s was A.appliances. B.automobiles. C.railroads. D.telephones.

246 The phrase “Baby Boom” refers to A.exploding babies. B.a child safety law passed in C.the title of a song from the Jazz Era. D.an increase in births after World War II.

247 The phrase “Baby Boom” refers to A.exploding babies. B.a child safety law passed in C.the title of a song from the Jazz Era. D.an increase in births after World War II.

248

249 The line that is labeled with the number 3 represents the division between A.the communist and non-communist sections of the country. B.zones of Soviet and Chinese influence. C.locations of industry and natural resources in the country. D.the north/south Soviet trade corridors.

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251 The line that is labeled with the number 3 represents the division between A.the communist and non-communist sections of the country. B.zones of Soviet and Chinese influence. C.locations of industry and natural resources in the country. D.the north/south Soviet trade corridors.

252 In the United States, the launching of Sputnik contributed to A.reforms in public education. B.the creation of social programs. C.involvement in the Korean War. D.the outbreak of the Vietnam War.

253 In the United States, the launching of Sputnik contributed to A.reforms in public education. B.the creation of social programs. C.involvement in the Korean War. D.the outbreak of the Vietnam War.

254 President Truman advanced the cause of civil rights when he ordered the desegregation of A.all branches of the armed forces. B.factories which produced military supplies. C.all public high schools. D.state-funded colleges and universities.

255 President Truman advanced the cause of civil rights when he ordered the desegregation of A.all branches of the armed forces. B.factories which produced military supplies. C.all public high schools. D.state-funded colleges and universities.

256 When the governor of Arkansas called up the National Guard to prevent African- American children from entering all-white public schools in 1957, President Eisenhower directed the United States Army to intervene. In this case, the president was attempting to enforce A.a state law. B.a federal court order. C.a congressional resolution. D.an international mandate.

257 When the governor of Arkansas called up the National Guard to prevent African- American children from entering all-white public schools in 1957, President Eisenhower directed the United States Army to intervene. In this case, the president was attempting to enforce A.a state law. B.a federal court order. C.a congressional resolution. D.an international mandate.

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259 Since 1948, the United States has been diplomatically involved in conflict between the Arabs and the Israelis in the area labeled A.I. B.II. C.III. D.IV.

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261 Since 1948, the United States has been diplomatically involved in conflict between the Arabs and the Israelis in the area labeled A.I. B.II. C.III. D.IV.

262 Every gun that is made, every warship launched, every rocket fired signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed…The cost of one modern heavy bomber is this: a modern brick school in more than 30 cities. —President Dwight Eisenhower, 1953

263 In the excerpt printed above, President Eisenhower is encouraging the people of the United States to focus on A.domestic issues. B.global cooperation. C.political events. D.international affairs.

264 In the excerpt printed above, President Eisenhower is encouraging the people of the United States to focus on A.domestic issues. B.global cooperation. C.political events. D.international affairs.

265 In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision that established A.open college admissions. B.affirmative action. C.all-male military institutions. D.the “separate but equal” doctrine.

266 In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the U.S. Supreme Court overturned the Plessy v. Ferguson decision that established A.open college admissions. B.affirmative action. C.all-male military institutions. D.the “separate but equal” doctrine.

267 In the 1950s the increased ownership of automobiles changed U.S. society in all of the following ways EXCEPT by A.stimulating the growth of suburbs. B.redefining leisure activities. C.increasing federal highway expenditures. D.increasing the growth of railway travel.

268 In the 1950s the increased ownership of automobiles changed U.S. society in all of the following ways EXCEPT by A.stimulating the growth of suburbs. B.redefining leisure activities. C.increasing federal highway expenditures. D.increasing the growth of railway travel.

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270 Based on the information in the box, what conclusion can be drawn about the 1950s? A.The United States was at peace during this period. B.The value of U.S. exports was greater than U.S. imports. C.The 1950s was a time of prosperity. D.The New Deal programs were established in the 1950s.

271 Based on the information in the box, what conclusion can be drawn about the 1950s? A.The United States was at peace during this period. B.The value of U.S. exports was greater than U.S. imports. C.The 1950s was a time of prosperity. D.The New Deal programs were established in the 1950s.

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273 Which of the following best explains the changes shown in the chart? A.Greater economic opportunities were available in rural areas. B.Suburban areas were seen as the best places to live. C.Educational opportunities in cities were better than in suburban and rural areas. D.Industry grew rapidly in the cities.

274 Which of the following best explains the changes shown in the chart? A.Greater economic opportunities were available in rural areas. B.Suburban areas were seen as the best places to live. C.Educational opportunities in cities were better than in suburban and rural areas. D.Industry grew rapidly in the cities.

275 The migration of people from the cities to the suburbs in the 1950s resulted in A.a decline in public transportation systems in cities. B.a decrease in real-estate taxes in suburbs. C.an increase in agricultural production in rural areas. D.the growth of housing developments in suburbs.

276 The migration of people from the cities to the suburbs in the 1950s resulted in A.a decline in public transportation systems in cities. B.a decrease in real-estate taxes in suburbs. C.an increase in agricultural production in rural areas. D.the growth of housing developments in suburbs.

277

278 According to information in the chart, the role of women in the U.S. economy A.has changed very little. B.has been limited to traditional jobs. C.peaked during World War II. D.grew during the 20th century.

279 According to information in the chart, the role of women in the U.S. economy A.has changed very little. B.has been limited to traditional jobs. C.peaked during World War II. D.grew during the 20th century.

280 The Truman Doctrine was the part of U.S. foreign policy after World War II that focused on A.preventing the spread of communism and halting Soviet aggression. B.increasing trade with newly independent African nations. C.rebuilding the Japanese military. D.gaining control of more colonies in the Pacific.

281 The Truman Doctrine was the part of U.S. foreign policy after World War II that focused on A.preventing the spread of communism and halting Soviet aggression. B.increasing trade with newly independent African nations. C.rebuilding the Japanese military. D.gaining control of more colonies in the Pacific.

282 All of the following were effects of the growth of suburbs in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s EXCEPT A.the development of regional shopping centers. B.the decline in automobile sales. C.increased travel time to work. D.the loss of farm and forest acreage.

283 All of the following were effects of the growth of suburbs in the United States during the 1950s and 1960s EXCEPT A.the development of regional shopping centers. B.the decline in automobile sales. C.increased travel time to work. D.the loss of farm and forest acreage.

284 The U.S. Supreme Court decisions in both Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) and Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) addressed the issue of A.one man, one vote. B.separate-but-equal facilities. C.racial quotas. D.equal pay for equal work.

285 The U.S. Supreme Court decisions in both Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) and Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954) addressed the issue of A.one man, one vote. B.separate-but-equal facilities. C.racial quotas. D.equal pay for equal work.

286 During the Cold War the largest portion of the U.S. government’s budget was spent on A.highway construction. B.social programs. C.public education. D.national defense.

287 During the Cold War the largest portion of the U.S. government’s budget was spent on A.highway construction. B.social programs. C.public education. D.national defense.

288 Which of the following characterized U.S. military involvement in both the Korean and Vietnamese conflicts? A.The attempt to prevent the spread of communism B.Reliance on an all-volunteer army C.Student antiwar protests D.Widespread American public support

289 Which of the following characterized U.S. military involvement in both the Korean and Vietnamese conflicts? A.The attempt to prevent the spread of communism B.Reliance on an all-volunteer army C.Student antiwar protests D.Widespread American public support

290 For many teenagers in the 1950s and 1960s, rock-and-roll music symbolized their A.ties to traditional American values. B.desire to rebel against the establishment. C.hopes for a prosperous future. D.desire to conform to society’s expectations.

291 For many teenagers in the 1950s and 1960s, rock-and-roll music symbolized their A.ties to traditional American values. B.desire to rebel against the establishment. C.hopes for a prosperous future. D.desire to conform to society’s expectations.

292

293 The arrest of Rosa Parks immediately led to the event in A.Headline 1. B.Headline 2. C.Headline 3. D.Headline 4.

294

295 The arrest of Rosa Parks immediately led to the event in A.Headline 1. B.Headline 2. C.Headline 3. D.Headline 4.

296 Martin Luther King, Jr., successfully led the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s by A.advocating a violent revolution against the government. B.urging nonviolence while demanding equality. C.demanding proportional representation for African Americans in Congress. D.calling for school desegregation.

297 Martin Luther King, Jr., successfully led the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s by A.advocating a violent revolution against the government. B.urging nonviolence while demanding equality. C.demanding proportional representation for African Americans in Congress. D.calling for school desegregation.

298 Which group has most often used court actions, peaceful protests, boycotts, and civil disobedience in its efforts to achieve economic and political equality? A.Native Americans B.African Americans C.Irish Americans D.Italian Americans

299 Which group has most often used court actions, peaceful protests, boycotts, and civil disobedience in its efforts to achieve economic and political equality? A.Native Americans B.African Americans C.Irish Americans D.Italian Americans

300 In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), the U.S. Supreme Court decided A.to strike down the separate-but-equal doctrine and order an end to segregation in public education. B.that prayer in public schools violated the 1st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. C.that schools do not have to meet the 4th Amendment search standard of probable cause. D.to uphold the use of affirmative action to achieve racial balance in education.

301 In Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka (1954), the U.S. Supreme Court decided A.to strike down the separate-but-equal doctrine and order an end to segregation in public education. B.that prayer in public schools violated the 1st Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. C.that schools do not have to meet the 4th Amendment search standard of probable cause. D.to uphold the use of affirmative action to achieve racial balance in education.

302 The lessons of history teach us that disarmament agreements without adequate reciprocal inspection increase the dangers of war and do not brighten the prospects of peace. —President Dwight Eisenhower, 1955

303 President Dwight D. Eisenhower suggested that disarmament could be achieved only through A.establishing mutual inspections between nations. B.peaceful coexistence created by trust between nations. C.studying history to decrease the dangers of war. D.inspections carried out by neutral countries.

304 President Dwight D. Eisenhower suggested that disarmament could be achieved only through A.establishing mutual inspections between nations. B.peaceful coexistence created by trust between nations. C.studying history to decrease the dangers of war. D.inspections carried out by neutral countries.

305 Are you now, or have you ever been, a member of the Communist party?

306 Questions similar to this were characteristic of the McCarthy era, during which A.open dissent against the U.S. government was common. B.the two-party political system in the United States came under attack. C.many people were falsely accused of disloyalty to the U.S. government. D.candidates for state political offices were investigated by Congress.

307 Questions similar to this were characteristic of the McCarthy era, during which A.open dissent against the U.S. government was common. B.the two-party political system in the United States came under attack. C.many people were falsely accused of disloyalty to the U.S. government. D.candidates for state political offices were investigated by Congress.

308

309 The statements illustrate that the 1950s were known as a period of A.economic growth. B.high unemployment. C.cultural rebirth. D.population stagnation.

310 The statements illustrate that the 1950s were known as a period of A.economic growth. B.high unemployment. C.cultural rebirth. D.population stagnation.

311 Air pollution in growing urban areas is most often caused by A.inefficient home-heating systems. B.fossil-fuel-powered motor vehicles. C.electric-powered light-rail systems. D.nuclear-powered electric generators.

312 Air pollution in growing urban areas is most often caused by A.inefficient home-heating systems. B.fossil-fuel-powered motor vehicles. C.electric-powered light-rail systems. D.nuclear-powered electric generators.

313 Following the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Congress proposed the 22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to A.limit the number of terms a President may serve. B.grant electors to the District of Columbia. C.establish the line of presidential succession. D.provide for the direct popular election of U.S. senators.

314 Following the presidency of Franklin D. Roosevelt, Congress proposed the 22nd Amendment to the U.S. Constitution to A.limit the number of terms a President may serve. B.grant electors to the District of Columbia. C.establish the line of presidential succession. D.provide for the direct popular election of U.S. senators.

315 U.S. technological superiority was challenged in 1957 when A.German scientists announced that they had invented the transistor. B.the Soviet Union deployed nuclear missiles to Cuba. C.the Soviet Union launched the world’s first satellite. D.Japanese scientists developed the first color television set.

316 U.S. technological superiority was challenged in 1957 when A.German scientists announced that they had invented the transistor. B.the Soviet Union deployed nuclear missiles to Cuba. C.the Soviet Union launched the world’s first satellite. D.Japanese scientists developed the first color television set.

317 Rosa Parks, who was involved in local civil rights activities, became known nationally for her A.efforts to integrate Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. B.refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white man. C.leadership in registering African Americans to vote. D.role in organizing the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

318 Rosa Parks, who was involved in local civil rights activities, became known nationally for her A.efforts to integrate Central High School in Little Rock, Arkansas. B.refusal to give up her seat on a Montgomery bus to a white man. C.leadership in registering African Americans to vote. D.role in organizing the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP).

319 Go on to Part V


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