Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

America’s History Sixth Edition CHAPTER 26 Cold War America 1945-1960 Copyright © 2011 by Bedford/St. Martin’s and Matthew Ellington, Ruben S. Ayala High.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "America’s History Sixth Edition CHAPTER 26 Cold War America 1945-1960 Copyright © 2011 by Bedford/St. Martin’s and Matthew Ellington, Ruben S. Ayala High."— Presentation transcript:

1 America’s History Sixth Edition CHAPTER 26 Cold War America Copyright © 2011 by Bedford/St. Martin’s and Matthew Ellington, Ruben S. Ayala High School Henretta Brody Dumenil

2 1.The Cold War A. Descent into Cold War, B. Kennan and the Containment Strategy C. Containment in Asia 2.The Truman Era A. Reconversion B. The Fair Deal C. The Great Fear (The Second Red Scare) 3.Modern Republicanism A. They Liked Ike B. The Hidden-Hand Presidency C. Eisenhower and the Cold war D. Containment in the Post-Colonial World E. Eisenhower’s Farewell Address Chapter 26: The Cold War,

3 Causes: differences between US & USSR, fate of Eastern Europe, Russia’s desire for a buffer against invasion, WWII conflicts, Truman’s toughness, Stalin’s ruthlessness, eventual arms race Part 1: The Cold War Section 1A: Descent into Cold War, Yalta and Potsdam conferences showed the growing differences between US and USSR Potsdam Conference, 1945

4 Truman Doctrine pledged US support against communism and gave aid to Greece, Turkey The Marshall Plan provided $13 billion to rebuild Western Europe The Berlin crisis led to a massive airlift and eventually NATO NSC-68 urged a massive US military spending increase in response to Soviet atomic bomb and Cold War Part 1: The Cold War Sec. 1B: George Kennan and Containment Strategy Kennan’s “long telegram” urged containment of USSR/communism

5 MacArthur oversaw demilitarization and economic rebuilding of Japan 1949 communist victory in China was blamed on the Democrats The Korean War: –stalemated after initial seesawing –MacArthur was fired for insubordination –set precedents of not using atomic bombs and undeclared presidential wars Part 1: The Cold War Sec. 1C: Containment in Asia

6 The sudden end of WWII led to a brief period of inflation and strikes Republicans and Southern Democrats blocked Truman’s New Deal commitment and passed Taft-Hartley Act weakening unions’ power Truman was reelected in 1948 in an upset despite Southern conservatives (Dixiecrats) nominating their own candidate Part 2: The Truman Era Section 2A: Reconversion WWII vets fight for coal mining jobs, 1946

7 Truman desegregated the military and federal government Employment Act of 1946 asserted government’s role in the economy The Cold War & Congressional conservatives blocked the Fair Deal New Jersey Phalanx building photograph Part 2: The Truman Era Section 2B: The Fair Deal

8 Recent research reveals that Soviet spying was prevalent and the fears of that spying and Cold War tensions led to the 2 nd Red Scare Truman’s loyalty program investigated 3 million Americans HUAC looked into communist influence, especially in Hollywood Senator McCarthy became a powerful symbol of anti-red hysteria Part 2: The Truman Era Section 2C: The Great Fear (2 nd Red Scare)

9 Eisenhower easily won the 1952 election with his huge war popularity Eisenhower mostly kept New Deal policies as Democrats remained the majority party, controlling Congress for most of Ike’s tenure Part 3: Modern Republicanism Section 3A: They Liked Ike

10 Eisenhower tried to avoid controversy (i.e. McCarthy, civil rights) and worked behind the scenes while seeming above the fray National Highway Act, NASA, HEW increased government spending Eisenhower Republicans were part of the “liberal consensus” Eleanor Roosevelt at the Tuskegee Institute Part 3: Modern Republicanism Section 3B: The Hidden Hand Presidency

11 Eisenhower’s “new look” foreign policy tried to save money and be more effective by relying on brinksmanship and threat of nuclear war Results: H-bomb, ICBMs, SAC, DEW, nuclear triad, and MAD Part 3: Modern Republicanism Section 3C: Eisenhower and the Cold War First H-bomb, 1951 Hungarian Uprising, 1957

12 US desire to contain communism often led to siding with repression US signed alliances promising to defend dozens of countries “Domino Theory” led US into Vietnam after the French were beaten Part 3: Modern Republicanism Section 3D: Containment in the Post-Colonial World Eisenhower Doctrine: the US would aid any Middle Eastern country under a communist threat

13 Eisenhower famously warned of the dangers of the growing “military- industrial complex” on American civil liberties in his farewell address Cold War Impact: climate of fear, arms race, rise of military-industrial complex, economic growth, and expansion of federal government Part 3: Modern Republicanism Section 3E: Eisenhower’s Farewell Address


Download ppt "America’s History Sixth Edition CHAPTER 26 Cold War America 1945-1960 Copyright © 2011 by Bedford/St. Martin’s and Matthew Ellington, Ruben S. Ayala High."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google