Presentation on theme: "26 Cold War Conflicts Origins of the Cold War"— Presentation transcript:
1 26 Cold War Conflicts 1 2 3 4 Origins of the Cold War CHAPTER26Cold War ConflictsOverviewTime Lines1Origins of the Cold WarSECTION2The Cold War Heats UpSECTION3SECTIONThe Cold War at Home4Two Nations Live on the EdgeSECTIONChapter AssessmentTransparencies
2 26 Cold War Conflicts Economic Opportunity Constitutional Concerns CHAPTER26Cold War ConflictsHOME“We may be likened to two scorpions in a bottle, each capable of killing the other, but only at the risk of his own life.”J. Robert Oppenheimer, speaking of the buildup of atomic weapons by the United States and the Soviet Union, 1953THEMES IN CHAPTER 26Economic OpportunityConstitutional ConcernsScience and Technology
3 26 Cold War Conflicts What do you know? CHAPTER26Cold War ConflictsHOME“We may be likened to two scorpions in a bottle, each capable of killing the other, but only at the risk of his own life.”J. Robert Oppenheimer, speaking of the buildup of atomic weapons by the United States and the Soviet Union, 1953What do you know?In what ways was the Cold War “cold”?Read the quote and answer the following:What visual images does the quotation evoke?How would you paraphrase Oppenheimer’s statement in your own words?
4 26 Time Line The United States CHAPTER26Time LineHOMEThe United States1945 Truman meets with Churchill and Stalin at Potsdam conference.1947 Truman Doctrine is announced.1949 United States joins NATO.1950 United States sends troops to Korea.1952 United States explodes first hydrogen bomb.1953 Rosenbergs are executed as spies.1954 Senator Joseph McCarthy alleges Communist involvement in U.S. Army.1960 Francis Gary Powers’s U-2 spy plane is shot down by Soviets.
5 26 Time Line The World 1945 United Nations is established. CHAPTER26Time LineHOMEThe World1945 United Nations is established.1948 Berlin airlift begins.1949 Germany is partitioned China becomes Communist under Mao Zedong.1953 Soviets explode their first hydrogen bomb Korean War cease-fire is agreed to.1954 French are defeated in Vietnam.1957 Soviets launch Sputnik.1959 Fidel Castro comes to power in Cuba.
6 1 Origins of the Cold War Learn About SECTION1Origins of the Cold WarHOMELearn Abouteconomic and political differences between the United States and the Soviet Union.To Understandthe Cold War and how it began.
7 1 Origins of the Cold War Key Idea SECTION1Origins of the Cold WarHOMEKey IdeaThe Allied coalition falls apart as the United States and the Soviet Union find themselves in conflict with each other.
8 1 Origins of the Cold War 1 Section Assessment HOMESection1AssessmentSUMMARIZINGWhat were the U.S. and Soviet actions that contributed most to the beginning of the Cold War?U.S. ACTIONSSOVIET ACTIONSMarshall Planaid to Greece and TurkeyTruman DoctrineBerlin airliftrefusal of free elections in Polandcontrol of countries in Eastern Europeinvasion of Czechoslovakia
9 1 Origins of the Cold War 1 Section Assessment HOMESection1AssessmentFormer aides of Franklin Roosevelt worried that Truman was not qualified to handle world leadership. Considering what you learned in this section, evaluate Truman as a world leader.EVALUATINGhis behavior toward Stalinhis economic support of European nationshis support of West BerlinTHINK ABOUT
10 1 Origins of the Cold War 1 Section Assessment HOMESection1AssessmentWhich of the two superpowers do you think was more successful in achieving its aims during the period 1945–1949?DRAWING CONCLUSIONSevents in Eastern Europethe Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Planthe conflicts over Berlin and the rest of GermanyTHINK ABOUT
11 2 The Cold War Heats Up Learn About SECTION2The Cold War Heats UpHOMELearn Abouthow Communist governments were established in Asia.To Understandwhy the United States became involved in the Korean War.
12 2 The Cold War Heats Up Key Idea SECTION2The Cold War Heats UpHOMEKey IdeaU.S. containment policies and Communist successes in China and North Korea lead to the Korean War.
13 2 The Cold War Heats Up 2 Section Assessment HOMESection2AssessmentFOLLOWING CHRONOLOGICAL ORDERWhat were the major events influencing the fighting in Europe and North America?September 1950 North Korea captures most of Korea.June 1950 North Korea invades South Korea.November 1950 Chinese troops enter war.1948 Korea is split in two nations.June 1950 U.S. supports South Korea.October 1950 UN counterattack succeeds.July 1953 Armistice signed.
14 2 The Cold War Heats Up 2 Section Assessment HOMESection2AssessmentIf the Communists had lost the Chinese civil war, how might later events in Korea have been different?HYPOTHESIZINGhow North Korean plans might have been differenthow American public opinion might have been differentwhat might have happened when MacArthur’s troops neared the North Korea-China borderTHINK ABOUT
15 2 The Cold War Heats Up 2 Section Assessment HOMESection2AssessmentMany Americans have questioned whether fighting the Korean War—a bloody war that ended in a stalemate—was worthwhile. What is your opinion? Why?FORMING OPINIONSwhat the war cost in lives and material goodswhat might have happened if UN troops had stayed out of the conflictwhat might have happened if UN troops had waged full-scale war against ChinaTHINK ABOUT
16 3 The Cold War at Home Learn About SECTION3The Cold War at HomeHOMELearn Aboutthe Hollywood Ten, two famous spy cases, and Senator Joseph McCarthy.To Understandhow and why fear of communism swept the nation.
17 3 The Cold War at Home Key Idea SECTION3The Cold War at HomeHOMEKey IdeaThe Cold War kindles a fear of Communist influence in the United States.
18 Anti-Communist fear gripped the country. SECTION3The Cold War at HomeHOMESection33AssessmentWhat events illustrate how anti-communist fear gripped the country?SUMMARIZINGHUAC investigates “un-American” activity in Hollywood.Congress passes the McCarran Act.Spy cases increase fears.Anti-Communist fear gripped the country.McCarthy arouses fears of a Communist conspiracy.
19 3 The Cold War at Home 33 Section Assessment If you had lived in this period and been accused of being a Communist, what would you have done?MAKING DECISIONSthe Hollywood Ten, who refused to answer questionsthe Rosenbergs, who pleaded the Fifth Amendmentthose who informed on others to save themselvesTHINK ABOUT
20 3 The Cold War at Home 3 Section Assessment Get together with three classmates, with each group member playing one of the following roles: Harry Truman, a member of HUAC, Judge Irving Kaufman, and Joseph McCarthy. As the person you have chosen, explain your motivation for opposing communism.ROLE-PLAYING HISTORY
21 Two Nations Live on the Edge SECTION4Two Nations Live on the EdgeHOMELearn Aboutthe arms race, the spread of the Cold War, and the U-2 incident.To Understandhow tensions grew between the United States and the Soviet Union.
22 Two Nations Live on the Edge SECTION4Two Nations Live on the EdgeHOMEKey IdeaTension mounts between the United States and the Soviet Union as both try to spread their influence around the world.
23 Two Nations Live on the Edge SECTION4Two Nations Live on the EdgeHOMESection4AssessmentWhat are some possible newspaper headlines that summarize U.S. involvement in the Cold War troubles of Guatemala, Iran, Egypt, and Hungary and the outcome of the situation?SUMMARIZINGTrouble SpotHeadlineGuatemalaCIA-Trained Army Topples Guatemalan RulerCIA Keeps Communism Out of GuatemalaIranU.S. Prevents Iranian-Soviet AllianceU.S. Engineers Iranian ChaosEgyptU.S. Urges Peaceful Suez SolutionHungaryU.S. Protests Soviet Invasion
24 Two Nations Live on the Edge SECTION4Two Nations Live on the EdgeHOMESection4AssessmentDo you think that the United States should have taken each of the following actions? Why or why not?EVALUATINGthe development of the H-bombthe adoption of a policy of massive retaliationcovert actions, including those in Iran and Guatemala and the U-2 flightsTHINK ABOUT
25 Two Nations Live on the Edge SECTION4Two Nations Live on the EdgeHOMESection4AssessmentWhich of the two superpowers do you think contributed more to Cold War tensions during the 1950s?ANALYZINGU.S. decisions during this periodeach country’s participation in the arms racethe Soviet Union’s invasion of HungaryTHINK ABOUT
26 26ChapterAssessmentHOME1. What were the goals of U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War?2. Explain the Truman Doctrine and describe how Americans reacted to it.3. What was the purpose of the NATO alliance?4. What global events helped to bring about U.S involvement in Korea?5. What issue of military strategy led to a disagreement between General Douglas MacArthur and President Truman, eventually costing MacArthur his job?
27 26ChapterAssessmentHOME6. What goals did the United States achieve by fighting in Korea? What goals did it fail to achieve?7. What actions of Joseph McCarthy worsened the national hysteria about communism?8. How did the spy case of the Rosenbergs feed anti– Communist sentiment in America?9. By what means did the U.S. government, including the CIA, fight the Cold War around the world?10. What technological developments during the 1950s contributed to an arms race that would last for more than 30 years?