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Cold War Conflicts 26 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment Origins of the Cold War The Cold War Heats Up The Cold War at Home.

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Presentation on theme: "Cold War Conflicts 26 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment Origins of the Cold War The Cold War Heats Up The Cold War at Home."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cold War Conflicts 26 CHAPTER Overview Time Lines Transparencies Chapter Assessment Origins of the Cold War The Cold War Heats Up The Cold War at Home Two Nations Live on the Edge SECTION

2 THEMES IN CHAPTER 26 Cold War Conflicts 26 CHAPTER Economic OpportunityConstitutional ConcernsScience and Technology “We may be likened to two scorpions in a bottle, each capable of killing the other, but only at the risk of his own life.” J. Robert Oppenheimer, speaking of the buildup of atomic weapons by the United States and the Soviet Union, 1953 HOME

3 Cold War Conflicts 26 CHAPTER “We may be likened to two scorpions in a bottle, each capable of killing the other, but only at the risk of his own life.” J. Robert Oppenheimer, speaking of the buildup of atomic weapons by the United States and the Soviet Union, 1953 What do you know? In what ways was the Cold War “cold”? Read the quote and answer the following: What visual images does the quotation evoke? How would you paraphrase Oppenheimer’s statement in your own words? HOME

4 Time Line 26 CHAPTER The United States HOME 1950 United States sends troops to Korea Rosenbergs are executed as spies Truman meets with Churchill and Stalin at Potsdam conference Senator Joseph McCarthy alleges Communist involvement in U.S. Army Francis Gary Powers’s U-2 spy plane is shot down by Soviets Truman Doctrine is announced United States joins NATO United States explodes first hydrogen bomb.

5 Time Line 26 CHAPTER The World HOME 1959 Fidel Castro comes to power in Cuba Berlin airlift begins United Nations is established Soviets explode their first hydrogen bomb. Korean War cease-fire is agreed to French are defeated in Vietnam Germany is partitioned. China becomes Communist under Mao Zedong Soviets launch Sputnik.

6 Origins of the Cold War 1 Learn About economic and political differences between the United States and the Soviet Union. To Understand the Cold War and how it began. HOME SECTION

7 Origins of the Cold War 1 HOME SECTION Key Idea The Allied coalition falls apart as the United States and the Soviet Union find themselves in conflict with each other.

8 Section Origins of the Cold War 1 Assessment What were the U.S. and Soviet actions that contributed most to the beginning of the Cold War? SUMMARIZING 1 HOME SECTION U.S. ACTIONS SOVIET ACTIONS Marshall Plan aid to Greece and Turkey Truman Doctrine Berlin airlift refusal of free elections in Poland control of countries in Eastern Europe invasion of Czechoslovakia

9 Section Origins of the Cold War 1 Former aides of Franklin Roosevelt worried that Truman was not qualified to handle world leadership. Considering what you learned in this section, evaluate Truman as a world leader. EVALUATING Assessment 1 his behavior toward Stalin his economic support of European nations his support of West Berlin THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

10 Section Origins of the Cold War 1 Assessment 1 Which of the two superpowers do you think was more successful in achieving its aims during the period 1945– 1949? DRAWING CONCLUSIONS events in Eastern Europe the Truman Doctrine and the Marshall Plan the conflicts over Berlin and the rest of Germany THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

11 The Cold War Heats Up 2 Learn About how Communist governments were established in Asia. To Understand why the United States became involved in the Korean War. HOME SECTION

12 The Cold War Heats Up 2 HOME SECTION Key Idea U.S. containment policies and Communist successes in China and North Korea lead to the Korean War.

13 The Cold War Heats Up 2 Section Assessment 2 What were the major events influencing the fighting in Europe and North America? FOLLOWING CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER HOME SECTION 1948 Korea is split in two nations. June 1950 North Korea invades South Korea. September 1950 North Korea captures most of Korea. June 1950 U.S. supports South Korea. November 1950 Chinese troops enter war. October 1950 UN counterattack succeeds. July 1953 Armistice signed.

14 The Cold War Heats Up 2 Section If the Communists had lost the Chinese civil war, how might later events in Korea have been different? HYPOTHESIZING Assessment 2 how North Korean plans might have been different how American public opinion might have been different what might have happened when MacArthur’s troops neared the North Korea-China border THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

15 The Cold War Heats Up 2 Section Assessment 2 Many Americans have questioned whether fighting the Korean War—a bloody war that ended in a stalemate—was worthwhile. What is your opinion? Why? FORMING OPINIONS what the war cost in lives and material goods what might have happened if UN troops had stayed out of the conflict what might have happened if UN troops had waged full-scale war against China THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

16 The Cold War at Home 3 Learn About the Hollywood Ten, two famous spy cases, and Senator Joseph McCarthy. To Understand how and why fear of communism swept the nation. HOME SECTION

17 The Cold War at Home 3 HOME SECTION Key Idea The Cold War kindles a fear of Communist influence in the United States.

18 Section The Cold War at Home 3 Assessment 3 What events illustrate how anti-communist fear gripped the country? SUMMARIZING HOME SECTION Congress passes the McCarran Act. Spy cases increase fears. McCarthy arouses fears of a Communist conspiracy. Anti-Communist fear gripped the country. HUAC investigates “un-American” activity in Hollywood.

19 Section The Cold War at Home 3 If you had lived in this period and been accused of being a Communist, what would you have done? MAKING DECISIONS Assessment 3 the Hollywood Ten, who refused to answer questions the Rosenbergs, who pleaded the Fifth Amendment those who informed on others to save themselves THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

20 Section The Cold War at Home 3 Assessment 3 Get together with three classmates, with each group member playing one of the following roles: Harry Truman, a member of HUAC, Judge Irving Kaufman, and Joseph McCarthy. As the person you have chosen, explain your motivation for opposing communism. ROLE-PLAYING HISTORY HOME SECTION

21 Two Nations Live on the Edge 4 Learn About the arms race, the spread of the Cold War, and the U-2 incident. To Understand how tensions grew between the United States and the Soviet Union. HOME SECTION

22 Two Nations Live on the Edge 4 HOME SECTION Key Idea Tension mounts between the United States and the Soviet Union as both try to spread their influence around the world.

23 Section Two Nations Live on the Edge 4 Assessment 4 What are some possible newspaper headlines that summarize U.S. involvement in the Cold War troubles of Guatemala, Iran, Egypt, and Hungary and the outcome of the situation? SUMMARIZING HOME SECTION Trouble SpotHeadline Guatemala CIA-Trained Army Topples Guatemalan Ruler CIA Keeps Communism Out of Guatemala U.S. Prevents Iranian-Soviet Alliance U.S. Engineers Iranian Chaos Iran Egypt Hungary U.S. Urges Peaceful Suez Solution U.S. Protests Soviet Invasion

24 Section Two Nations Live on the Edge 4 Do you think that the United States should have taken each of the following actions? Why or why not? EVALUATING Assessment 4 the development of the H-bomb the adoption of a policy of massive retaliation covert actions, including those in Iran and Guatemala and the U-2 flights THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

25 Section Two Nations Live on the Edge 4 Assessment 4 Which of the two superpowers do you think contributed more to Cold War tensions during the 1950s? ANALYZING U.S. decisions during this period each country’s participation in the arms race the Soviet Union’s invasion of Hungary THINK ABOUT HOME SECTION

26 Chapter 26 Assessment 1. What were the goals of U.S. foreign policy during the Cold War? 2. Explain the Truman Doctrine and describe how Americans reacted to it. 3. What was the purpose of the NATO alliance? 4. What global events helped to bring about U.S. involvement in Korea? 5. What issue of military strategy led to a disagreement between General Douglas MacArthur and President Truman, eventually costing MacArthur his job? HOME

27 Chapter 26 Assessment 6. What goals did the United States achieve by fighting in Korea? What goals did it fail to achieve? 7. What actions of Joseph McCarthy worsened the national hysteria about communism? 8. How did the spy case of the Rosenbergs feed anti– Communist sentiment in America? 9. By what means did the U.S. government, including the CIA, fight the Cold War around the world? 10. What technological developments during the 1950s contributed to an arms race that would last for more than 30 years? HOME


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