U.S. Focus After WWII The War Against Communism Policy of Containment 1. Help the smaller countries resist Soviet/communist advances. 2. Wanted to stop the spread of communism Ex: Sending money, arms, and generals to South Vietnam to fight against the Northern communists (Ho Chi Minh)
President Truman After WWII, Truman wanted to make sure a communist country never had the chance to cause as much damage as fascist Germany did in WWII. He asked congress for economic aid to Turkey and Greece (whose governments were fighting communist rebels) to support his new Doctrine…
The Truman Doctrine Dedicated to uplifting anticommunist regimes around the world. Many US citizens did not want to US to continue fighting Communism around the world Others did not want to interfere in other countries affairs Congress, however, quickly approved $400 million worth of aid
Communism and Poverty After WWII not only was communism spreading throughout the world but poverty as well. In Western Europe many of the cities were in shambles. There was a shortage of jobs as well as food. Main Question: How can the U.S. help?
The Marshall Plan An assistance program to help rebuild Western Europe. Would provide food and machinery 12.5 billion dollar program in 1948 Any country left in shambles that was not communist received aid from the U.S.
1948-1955: Countries who received aid from the Marshall Plan Great Britain France Italy West Germany Holland Austria Belgium Greece Denmark Norway Turkey Ireland Sweden Portugal Yugoslavia Iceland A Few More
Case Study of Containment: The Korean War Japan ruled Korea until WWII – Korea was split into occupying zones (north – Soviets; south – U.S.) like in Germany North Korea: occupied by Soviets, led by communist leader Kim Il Sung South Korea: occupied by U.S., led by democratic leader U.S. and Soviets left in 1949 North invaded South in 1950 and U.S. offered South support – sending military and money to fight the North Koreans
The Korean War U.S. General MacArthur led the attack into North Korea, pushing towards China Communist China began aiding North Korea, in fear that the U.S. was getting too close MacArthur defied Truman’s orders to not get too close to the Chinese border and so he was removed as the general and the war ended in 1953 in a stalemate (no territory changed hands)
What did we achieve? Korea before the war Korea after the war