Presentation on theme: "Chapter 16 Postwar America"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 1: Truman & Eisenhower1) MAIN IDEA : Even though prices were going up and someworkers were on strike, the U.S. was able to move from being atwar to peace without the economy getting worse.* GI Bill-*Closed Shops–* right-to-work laws -* union shops -
2 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Check-UpThis act provided money to veterans to help them start businesses, buy homes, and go to college ._________________Practice of forcing businesses to hire only union members.__________________Work places where new workers were required to join a union __________________Name the law that prohibited this practice ___________________Define these terms in your own words:LegislatorsInflationRecession
3 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 1: Truman’s ProgramMAIN IDEA : President Truman wanted all Americans to have a better life a “Fair Deal” ,even though Congress would not pass many of his proposals.Proposals included-126.96.36.199.5.6.7.
4 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Election of many thought Truman would lose.Within the Democratic party 2 groups emerged –Dixocrat or States Rights Party – nominatedStrom Thurmond for president.Progressive Party - nominated Henry A. Wallacefor president.Republicans - nominated Thomas Dewey.Truman attacked Republican Congress as “ Do-Nothing Congress, he narrowly won with support of farmers, African-Americans, laborers.
5 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Check-Up IIA group of Southern Democrats did not like Truman’s support of._________________Thd Dixocrats nominated ________________ to be their candidate for the presidency.__________________Truman campaigned for the presidency by calling the Congress the ______________________________List some successes of “The Fair Deal:1.______________________2.______________________3.______________________
6 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 1: The Eisenhower Years – “TIME FOR A CHANGE”MAIN IDEA : New Republican winner, Dwight D. Eisenhower cuts federal spending, supports business, begins the Interstate Highway system and extends some programs from the 1940’s.* Middle of the Road – described his political beliefs* Dynamic Conservatism -* Federal Highway Act–
7 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 1: The Eisenhower Years – “TIME FOR A CHANGE”Extended Social Security , unemployment compensationRaised minimum wageGave money to farmers“Creeping Socialism “– stopped practice of giving money to big institutions like banks and railroads in financial troubleEnded govt. price/rent controls, believed that business growth was very impt. to success of economy.
8 The first houses ready for residents came in only two styles, a rancher with a front door facing the street and a variant with the main entry facing the side of the house next door. Eventually, Levitt added two-story Cape Cods and colonials to style choices. One handy way of navigating Levittown was to do it alphabetically. Every road in Golden Ridge, for instance, began with a "G" — Great Oak Road, Geranium Road, Gable Hill Road.Unlike Levittown, N.Y., which arose in an improvised frenzy, Levittown, Pa., was planned down to the last shrub and sewer grating. No residential intersection had four corners. No school child would ever have to cross a main street to walk to school.No two styles were ever built side by side. Still, the rows of houses looked so stupefyingly alike that even residents mixed them up. One newcomer, Reuben Sussman, later recalled telephoning for directions to his own house after driving around and around the neighborhood
11 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 2: The Affluent SocietyMAIN IDEA : The U. S. in the 50’s entered into a time of opportunity with new jobs as white collar workers,families growing and moving from cities to to the suburbs.* Levittown* Baby Boom -* White Collar Job-*Blue Collar Worker -*Multinational Corporation -*Franchise -
14 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 2: The Affluent SocietyMAIN IDEA : A new way of doing business began with the creation of the first computer. Doctors made discoveries which helped fight many illnesses.* ENIAC -* Transistor -*Cancer/Heart Disease -* Tuberculosis -*Polio (Jonas Salk )-
18 Patients with respiratory problems due to polio were placed in iron lungs to help them breathe.
19 Hospital Respiratory Ward in Los Angeles , 1952
20 Homework Due : _____________ Write 1 paragraph from the point of view of a teenager affected with polio and spending time in an iron lung.Minimum 5 sentencesCorrect punctuation/spellingWorth 10 pointsPrinted or neat handwriting/printingName, period ,date on top of page
26 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 2: The Affluent SocietyMAIN IDEA : The popularity of television led to many changes in the movie and radio industries.* By late 1950’s – more than 80% of families had at least 1 TVComedyAction/AdventureVariety EntertainmentNewsSports*Cinemascope -* Radio responds -News, weather, sports, talk showsNumber of radio stations doubled between 1948 – 1957– importance of automobile.
27 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 2: The Affluent SocietyMAIN IDEA :Young people developed their own popular culture based on rock ‘n roll music and literature of the beat movement*Rock ‘n’ Roll -* African-American EntertainersAdd some picsAlan Freed -King of Rock ‘n’ Roll –* Generation Gap* Beat Movement -Jack Kerouac
28 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 3: The Other Side of American LifeMAIN IDEA : Even though much of the U.S. was doing well, there were other groups of U.S. citizens that were very poor and living in poverty.* Poverty Line -* Michael Harrington (author)Poor Included –ElderlySingle MothersPuerto Rican/Mexican ImmigrantsRural Americans (all races)Inner City Residents
29 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 3: The Other Side of American LifeDecline of the Inner City* Urban Renewal* African Americans* Lorraine Hansberry - writer
30 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 3: The Other Side of American LifeHispanics* Bracero Program
31 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 3: The Other Side of American LifeNative Americans* Termination PolicyAppalachia
32 Chapter 16 Postwar America 1945 -1960 Section 3: The Other Side of American LifeMAIN IDEA : Juvenile crime rates rose during the 1950’s , problems in education emerged as baby boomers began school.* Juvenile Delinquency -Experts blamed :TVMoviesComic booksRacismBusy parentsDivorce rateLack of religionAnxiety over military draft* Parents focused on education as a solutionNew schoolsEmphasis on math/science – influenced by Sputnik I