Presentation on theme: "TRUMAN AND EISENHOWER. TRUMAN United Nations -purpose-peace-security-justice -6 agencies -SECURITY COUNCIL -PREVENT WAR -Big Five -U.S. -France-USSR -England-China."— Presentation transcript:
TRUMAN AND EISENHOWER
TRUMAN United Nations -purpose-peace-security-justice -6 agencies -SECURITY COUNCIL -PREVENT WAR -Big Five -U.S. -France-USSR -England-China
-arena for political debate -1 st world: Democratic -2 nd world: Communist -3 rd world: underdeveloped COLD WAR -Europe is divided -west: Democratic -east: communist - “Iron Curtain” -speech by Winston Churchill
Harry S. Truman -CONTAINMENT -keep communism from spreading -domino theory -if one country falls to communism, all will fall -Marshall Plan -money and machinery to Europe to Europe -Western Europe accepts -NATO -defend Western Europe from communists -Soviet version: Warsaw Pact
COLD WAR EVENTS -Berlin -Stalin closes the city -U.S. response -Berlin Airlift (“Operation Vittles”) -China -civil war -Chiang Kai Shek (democrat) -Mao Zedong (communist) -Communist win -Democrats go to Taiwan ***another fell to communism
-SECOND RED SCARE - Alger Hiss -stole military secrets -Rosenburgs -gave Russians atomic secrets -executed
- McCarthyism - Senator Joseph McCarthy -accused people of being communist - HUAAC -McCarren Internal Security Bill - “suspected communists” imprisoned imprisoned McCarthy loses support
KOREA -38 TH parallel -North: communist -South: democratic -June Communists invade -United Nations send troops -Douglas MacArthur -Yalu River -Chinese “volunteers” attack -MacArthur wants to use the bomb -Truman fires MacArthur
-Eisenhower takes command -War ends - KOREA STILL DIVIDED!!!
Truman’s domestic policy - “Fair Deal” -continued New Deal programs -Atomic Energy Commission -Central Intelligence Agency -G.I. Bill of Rights -money -business -homes -school -medical care -22 ND Amendment -President limited to two terms
EISENHOWER Foreign policy -BRINKSMANSHIP -going to the brink of war without going to war - “rollback communism” - “massive retaliation” GOOD NEWS!!!!!! STALIN IS DEAD!!!!!!!
Nikita Khrushchev -Destalination -remove all evidence of Stalin of Stalin -Stalin is a murderer -visits America Suez Crisis -Egypt nationalizes Suez Canal -England and France send troops -Security Council -England and France pulls troops out -EISENHOWER DOCTRINE -defend Middle East from communism -defend Middle East from communism
Hungary -anti communist rebellion -U.S. does not help Iran -CIA puts Shah in power -loyal to America SUMMIT CONFERENCE -meeting to end the Cold War -U-2 Plane shot down -Francis Gary Powers -CONFERENCE NEVER HAPPENS!!!!!!