U.S. Focus After WWII War Against Communism Policy of Containment 1. Help the smaller countries resist soviet/communist advances. 2. Wanted to stop the spread of communism Ex: Sending money, arms, and generals to South Vietnam to fight against the Northern communists (Ho Chi Minh)
President Truman After WWII, Truman wanted to make sure a communist country never had the chance to cause as much damage as Germany did in WWII. Asked congress for economic aid to Turkey and Greece to support his new Doctrine…
The Truman Doctrine Dedicated to uplifting anticommunist regimes around the world. Many US citizens did not want to US to continue fighting Communism around the world Others did not want to interfere in other countries affairs Congress, however, quickly approved $400 million worth of aid
Communism and Poverty After WWII not only were there communism issues spreading throughout the world but poverty as well. In Western Europe many of the cities were in shambles. There was a shortage of jobs as well as food. Main Question: –How can the U.S. help?
The Marshall Plan An assistance program to help rebuild Western Europe. –Would provide food and machinery –12.5 billion dollar program in 1948 –Any country left in shambles that was not communist received aid from the U.S.
1948-195: Countries who received aid from the Marshall Plan Great Britain France Italy West Germany Holland Austria Belgium Greece Denmark Norway Turkey Ireland Sweden Portugal Yugoslavia Iceland A Few More