2Harry S. Truman in the Military Harry S. Truman was born in Lamar, Missouri on May 8, 1884.In 1905, shortly after graduating from high school, Truman served in the Missouri National Guard.Part of the 129th Field Artillery and sent to France, he and his unit saw action in several different campaigns.He was promoted to captain, and after the war he joined the reserves eventually rising to the rank of colonel.Harry S. Truman in the Military
3Harry and Bess TrumanOn June 28, 1919, Truman married Elizabeth Virginia Wallace.Their only child, Mary Margaret, was born on February 17, 1924.He ran a men's clothing store in Kansas City but due to the post-war recession it failed.Truman began politics in 1922 as one of three judges of the Jackson County Court.In 1934, Truman was elected to the United States Senate where he gained national prominence as chairman of the Senate Special Committee to Investigate the National Defense Program.
4President Harry S. Truman On January 20, 1945, he took the vice-presidential oath, and after President Roosevelt's unexpected death, he was sworn in as the nations' thirty-third President.Truman's presidency focused on foreign policy which was centered on the prevention of Soviet influence by which he proposed The Truman Doctrine.
5Main Point 1: At the present moment in world history nearly every nation must choose between alternative ways of life. The alternatives are between a free society and totalitarianism. The choice is too often not a free one.“The peoples of a number of countries of the world have recently had totalitarian regimes forced upon them against their will. This imposed aggression undermines the foundations of international peace and the security of the United States.”“Should we fail to aid Greece and Turkey in this fateful hour, the effect will be far reaching to the West as well as to the East.”Sub-Point 1: One way of life is based upon the will of the majority, and is distinguished by free institutions, representative government, free elections, guarantees of individual liberty, freedom of speech and religion, and freedom from political oppression.“We shall not realize our objectives, unless we are willing to help free peoples to maintain their free institutions and their national integrity against aggressive movements that seek to impose upon them totalitarian regimes.”“If we falter in our leadership, we may endanger the peace of the world-and we shall surely endanger the welfare of this Nation.”Sub-Point 2: The second way of life is based upon the will of a minority forcibly imposed upon the majority. It relies upon terror and oppression, a controlled press and radio; fixed elections, and the suppression of personal freedoms.“The seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want. They spread and grow in the evil soil of poverty and strife. They reach their full growth when the hope of a people for a better life has died.”“If Greece should fall under the control of an armed minority, the effect upon its neighbor, Turkey, would be immediate and serious. Confusion and disorder might well spread throughout the entire Middle East.”
6Main Point 2: I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.“One of the primary objectives of the foreign policy of the U.S. is the creation of conditions in which we and other nations will be able to work out a way of life free from coercion.”“This was a fundamental issue in the war with Germany and Japan. Our victory was won over countries which sought to impose their will, and their way of life, upon other nations.”“I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures.”Main Point 3: I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way.“Great responsibilities have been placed upon us by the swift movement of events.”“The free peoples of the world look to us for support in maintaining their freedom.”“Our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political process.”
7The Truman DoctrineTo promote democracy around the world and fight the spread of oppressive regimes in which a minority controls the majority.“One of the primary objectives of the foreign policy of the United States is the creation of conditions in which we and other nations will be able to work out a way of life free from coercion.”
8The Truman DoctrineTo help Greece and Turkey resist the rebellion of an armed minority.“Should we fail to aid Greece and Turkey in this fateful hour, the effect will be far reaching to the West as well as to the East…the seeds of totalitarian regimes are nurtured by misery and want. They spread and grow in the evil soil of poverty and strife. They reach their full growth when the hope of a people for a better life has died.
9Questions…Why does Truman frame his request in the context of an international conflict?What American interests were involved in the political fate of Greece and Turkey?Does The Truman Doctrine still influence the foreign policy of the United States?