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SOCIAL INVESTMENT IN HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE Richard Todd, Associate Director Social Finance is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority FCA No: FEBRUARY 2014
©Social Finance DELIVER SUSTAINABLE AND SCALABLE SOCIAL CHANGE We create financial structures and implement programmes that bring stable and sustainable funding to organisations dealing with social issues Change the way government seeks to tackle problems Help build and support growth of strong, effective social enterprises Expand the range of investors able to participate in social investment Social Finance works with government, social ventures and investors to unlock financial barriers and help drive social change. WHAT DO WE DO?
©Social Finance 2014 COULD SOCIAL INVESTMENT HELP TRANSFORM HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE? 3 Despite the scale of spending in these sectors, there remain areas where radical improvement is needed yet traditional financial structures have been unable to effectively meet this need. ChallengePotential value of social investment Funding on the basis of historical activity, not new opportunities Flexibility to deploy capital unrestricted by existing structures and outside of traditional annual budget cycles Investment in R&D and ‘mainstream’ services, not the roll-out of new practice Ability to provide risk capital to fund the expansion of services Variable implementation of preventative and complex programmes Stimulates a focus on performance management to protect investment Grants are precious resources, yet can only be used once and do not always lead to financially sustainable change Resources can be re-cycled once investment repaid, sustainability central to approach
©Social Finance 2014 SOCIAL INVESTMENT MAY ENABLE THE SOCIAL SECTOR TO SCALE UP 4 1 Survey of contracts awarded in 2012/13 identified as with the search term “community health” as detailed on UK health procurement portals (primarily and NB: Primary Care Trusts were abolished March 2013 as part of the NHS reforms. Some of the services which were previously managed by local PCT will be transferred to Clinical Commissioning Groups (CCGs), Charities and social enterprises are already providing valuable services to the NHS, but these are often small and at the margin of core services. An analysis of a sample of 2012/13 community health contract awards by provider type 1 illustrates the issue. Anecdotal evidence suggests that financial barriers remain for third sector providers in winning core service contracts, creating an uneven playing field for these organisations to compete for the larger contracts won by the private sector and NHS Foundation Trusts. Number of contracts won by organisation typeAverage value of contracts won by organisation type 2
©Social Finance SOCIAL INVESTMENT CAN BE DEPLOYED IN DIFFERENT WAYS Investment in management systems and infrastructure Support for due diligence rigour New delivery models Whole pathway redesign New contract models Integration of services Financing for expansion from socially-motivated partners Greater complexity / greater impact Funding social enterprises to expand or enhance activity Funding for whole system or pathway change Examples Avante Care Partnership Shared Lives Incubator Care and Share Associates Examples A SIB to fund enhanced community end-of-life care provision Social isolation SIB Commissioner change required Variable – potential contractual expansion, flexibility around delivery and funding model Commissioner change required High – will have key role in reorganising whole system of care provision Provider change required Variable – potential expansion of service offering (scope or scale), investment readiness work Provider change required High – likely to require degree of coordination, integration and management above providing established service Segmentation is already developing around the role that social investment is asked to perform, the risks that social investors take and the complexity of new models.
©Social Finance SOME OF THE AREAS ACROSS HEALTH AND SOCIAL CARE IN WHICH WE ARE WORKING TODAY National expansion of Shared Lives social care Social isolation and self-care for long-term health conditions SIB Support for a community health mutual to raise investment in services A SIB to fund enhanced community end-of-life care provision A SIB to fund scaling of community volunteer resources to support those with long-term health conditions Developing a social investment strategy across health and social care for a local authority Better aligning services across health and employment A care and wellbeing social investment fund Working with a group of Almshouses to invest in new extracare housing
©Social Finance 2014 APPENDICES 7
©Social Finance 2014 EXAMPLE: REDUCING SOCIAL ISOLATION AND LONELINESS IN WORCESTERSHIRE INVESTORS Funding Commissioners - CCGs, Local authorities, central government Payments on basis of outcomes Lead delivery organisation Reduction in loneliness Group Activity and Exercise Reduced loneliness CBT for most isolated Befriending Peer support groups Outline approach 8 An ageing population, the changing nature of community and family life, and significant NHS and local government budget pressures together require health and social care commissioners to think innovatively about how to help maintain people’s health and develop new models of care. Loneliness and social isolation are now recognised as one of the key determinants of health and well-being among older people but are historically under-invested in and poorly addressed. Social Finance’s analysis suggests that effective programmes to reduce loneliness and isolation can deliver significant value for individuals and the health and care system as a whole. However, previous experience suggest that it can be difficult to design and deliver effective services. Many fail. This is therefore an area where commissioning differently – on the basis of outcomes – could have a significant advantages. A Social Impact Bond could transfer the risk of service implementation to social investors and allow the commissioners to pay only if loneliness is decreased across a population of older adults.
©Social Finance 2014 SOCIAL FINANCE HAS UNDERTAKEN MODELLING TO BETTER ASSESS THE COSTS OF LONELINESS 9 Social Finance has modelled some of the short and medium term health and social care value associated with long-term conditions developed as a result of loneliness. Total value will be higher.
©Social Finance 2014 EXAMPLE: THE CARE AND WELLBEING FUND 10 Social Finance is developing a £20+m proof of concept social investment fund focused on health and social care – the Care and Wellbeing Fund. Our aim is to serve both a wider range of investors and delivery organisations. Through this we hope to catalyse delivery of impact and financial returns. The Fund’s objective is: ‘To improve health and wellbeing in the UK with particular focus on disadvantaged groups such as the frail elderly, those with a long-term health condition and those with a disability. The Fund aims to support, with investment, the growth of ambitious charities, social enterprises and ventures which deliver improved wellbeing. The focus will be on prevention, early intervention and community-based solutions.’ Investment Strategy Risk capital: to support growth and development of social enterprises and social purpose businesses to generate defined and measurable impact which is a form of repayable funding Key Themes Ageing and long term conditions Disability Health improvement Health and employment Service innovation A strongly mission-driven fund, seeking to attract socially motivated investment with cornerstone funding from Big Society Capital matched by co-investors
©Social Finance 2014 IMPACT FRAMEWORK 11 Fund ThemesDirect Impacts*System Impacts* 1. Ageing & Long term conditions 2. Disability 3. Health improvement 4. Health & employment 5. Wider innovation A. Improved health & wellbeing e.g. delaying onset of ill-health and recovery from ill-health B. Reduced health & economic inequalities e.g. greater access to services and employment for economically disadvantaged groups C. Greater independence & dignity e.g. improved feelings of independence, control & life satisfaction D. Replicable/scalable approach e.g. scope for widespread adoption E. Building capacity of local health & social care system e.g. supports local service integration F. Improving financial sustainability of health & social care system e.g. greater value for money than current practice The Fund will target specific investment themes and will have a defined framework for assessing and measuring social impact results * We will target investments that meet three of the impact criteria including both direct and system impacts.
©Social Finance THANK YOU
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