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Container Stuffing and Stripping. Objectives ► Explain causes of cargo damage ► Explain who is responsible for correct packing ► Explain the document.

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Presentation on theme: "Container Stuffing and Stripping. Objectives ► Explain causes of cargo damage ► Explain who is responsible for correct packing ► Explain the document."— Presentation transcript:

1 Container Stuffing and Stripping

2 Objectives ► Explain causes of cargo damage ► Explain who is responsible for correct packing ► Explain the document flow for correct packing ► Explain what container to be used for what cargo

3 Objectives ► List the steps to be made before loading a container ► Explain the good working practices during stuffing of a container ► Explain the reasons and procedures for packing several kinds of cargo into a container ► Explain the procedures during stripping of a container

4 Benefits of Containerization ► 1Reduced Handling ► 2Reduce risks ► 3Speedier handling ► 4Reduced packaging ► 5Reduced costs

5 Container Packing Problems ► 1Damage during packing/unpacking ► 2Uneven container loading ► 3Insecure packing ► 4Cargo Incompatibility ► 5Administrative error

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12 Effects of stresses on Insecure cargo

13 Golden Rules

14 Container Incompatibility ► 1Poor container condition ► 2Rusty contaminated container ► 3Sweating cargo in dry box ► 4Constant temperature cargo in dry box ► 5Unsuitable stowage position

15 At Risk from Badly Packed Containers ► 1Vehicle drivers ► 2Rail workers ► 3 Ships crew ► 4 Port workers ► 5Unpackers

16 Preparing and Planning container Packing ► 1Origination of sequence ► 2Container selection ► 3Planning packing

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23 Container Selection ► 1Cargo Type ► 2Cargo dimensions ► 3Cargo weight ► 4Cargo volume ► 5Transport route

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34 Loading Plan Factors ► 1Packaging type ► 2Securing arrangements ► 3Packing sequence

35 Packing Requirements ► 1Containment ► 2Protection ► 3Ease of handling

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37 Securing the Packages ► Tight stow ► Secure stow

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45 Cargo can be damaged by ► Careless packing and unpacking ► Uneven container loading ► Bad securing ► Incompatibilities ► Administrative errors

46 The Container Packing Operation ► 1 Inspect the container ► 2 Working Practices ► 3 Packing regular cargoes ► 4 Packing special cargoes ► 5 Packing dangerous cargoes ► 6 Completing packing ► 7 Unpacking containers

47 Container Inspection ► 1Suitable ► 2External Inspection ► 3Internal Inspection

48 Container Suitability ► 1Is it the right container ► 2Is it the right type ► 3Is it the right size ► 4Is its rating adequate ► 5Is it made of the right material

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51 Container Packing Aims ► Rapid packing ► No delays ► No heavy manual handling ► Avoid accidents ► Prevent damage

52 Working Methods ► 1 Position and preparing container ► 2 Preparing for work ► 3 Using appropriate equipment ► 4 Using safe manual methods ► 5 Using dunnage correctly ► 6 Preventing condensation ► 7 Packing safely ► 8 Following special instructions ► 9 Following loading plan

53 Container Preparation ► 1 Position container correctly ► 2 Set on firm level ground ► 3 Secure trailer > Brake and Chock ► 4 Support trailer ► 5 Floor level with loading platform ► 6 Close gap with plate or ram

54 Container Preparation ► 7 Clear loading area ► 8 Light loading area ► 9 Fit dock seals correctly ► 10 Keep access clear

55 Prepare Prior to Loading ► Treated dunnage ► Separation materials ► Paper ► Securing materials ► Moisture protection materials

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58 Good Mechanical Handling Practices ► 1 Select the best machine ► 2 Check floor loading ► 3 Use electric machines ► 4 Use appropriate attachments ► 5 Check load is secure ► 6 Use ramps, bridge plates ► 7 Use pallet trucks over short distances ► 8 Carry loads near to ground ► 9 Keep loads up-slope

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60 Ramp

61 Drum Loader

62 Forklift

63 Reels Loader

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65 Good Manual Handling ► 1 Lay dunnage progressively ► 2 Remove empty pallets ► 3 Lower packages onto soft material ► 4 Do NOT drag cargo > use rollers ► 5 Use hooks or grips ONLY when safe ► 6 Handle carefully ► 7 Lift Safely

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67 Using Dunnage Correctly ► 1Select the appropriate type ► 2Check its condition ► 3Use treated timber

68 Preventing Condensation Do Not ► 1 Pack wet cargo or wet container ► 2 Use wet dunnage ► 3 Pack moisture producing goods with moisture sensitive ones ► 4 Allow moisture sensitive goods to touch container walls or roof ► 5 Pack sweaty cargoes under waterproof sheets

69 Preventing Condensation DO ► 6 Protect machinery by vacuum packing or coating ► 7 Use absorbent dunnage ► 8 Use temperature controlled containers and or holds ► 9 Use vented/ventilated containers and or holds ► 10 Leave air duct spaces

70 Packing Safely ► 1 DO pack scrap metal and ore carefully ► 2 Do NOT pack damaged packages ► 3 Do NOT smoke ► 4 DO wear appropriate protective clothing ► 5 DO take care when working with machinery ► 6 DO label the container when fumigating, using dry ice or packing dangerous goods

71 International Standard Handling Instructions

72 Pack To The Plan ► 1Follow the loading plan ► 2Conform any alterations to the plan ► 3Check each packages as it is loaded ► 4Tick off on the tally list ► 5Note any damage difference on the list

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90 Packing Special Cargoes ► 1Long cargoes ► 2Oversized and heavy lifts ► 3Refrigerated cargoes ► 4Dry bulk cargoes ► 5Liquid bulk cargoes

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104 Packing Reefers ► 1Select a suitable container ► 2Prepare the container ► 3Check the container temperature ► 4Pre-cool the cargo, check temperature ► 5Pack at the cold store ► 6Leave air ducts when stacking ► 7Do not stack above load line

105 Packing reefers ► 8Hang on rails if appropriate ► 9When packed close doors ► 10Check position of ventilation ► 11Check setpoint and mark the chart ► 12Write temperature etc on packing list.

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108 Completing Packing ► 1 Secure the cargo ► 2 Brace/shore at the door ► 3 Replace cover of open top ► 4 Sign tally list ► 5 Complete container packing list, put copy inside door and distribute copies ► 6 For dangerous goods complete a container packing certificate and attach placards

109 Completing Packing ► 7Close and seal the door ► 8Attach fumigant/refrigerant labels ► 9Request container removal ► 10Weigh the container

110 Unpacking

111 Preparing To Unpack ► 1Position and secure the container ► 2Check container external condition ► 3Inspect and remove the door seal ► 4Carefully open and secure the door ► 5Inspect the container contents ► 6Retrieve the container packing list

112 Unpacking ► 1Use handling equipment, but correctly ► 2If unpacking by hand, follow all appropriate precautions ► 3Unpack in sequence and tally ► 4Sort and reassemble the consignment at the door ► 5Palletize small loose items

113 Unpacking ► 6Check each package for condition and identity ► 7Take damaged packages to the appropriate holding area ► 8Remove separating dunnage carefully ► 9Attach a pile tag to each stored consignment

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