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Global and Local Winds. Review of Air Air Movement Wind is the movement of air caused by differences in air pressure The greater the difference, the faster.

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Presentation on theme: "Global and Local Winds. Review of Air Air Movement Wind is the movement of air caused by differences in air pressure The greater the difference, the faster."— Presentation transcript:

1 Global and Local Winds

2 Review of Air Air Movement Wind is the movement of air caused by differences in air pressure The greater the difference, the faster the wind moves The greater the difference, the faster the wind moves Air Pressure Differences in air pressure are caused by the uneven heating of Earth Differences in air pressure are caused by the uneven heating of Earth Air travels in many large circular patterns called convection cells. Air travels in many large circular patterns called convection cells. Uneven heating produces pressure belts which occur every 30° latitude Uneven heating produces pressure belts which occur every 30° latitude

3 Pressure Belts As warm air rises at the equator and moves toward the poles, it cools As warm air rises at the equator and moves toward the poles, it cools As it cools, some of the air sinks around 30° north and south of the equator causing high pressure belts As it cools, some of the air sinks around 30° north and south of the equator causing high pressure belts At the poles, cold air sinks and moves towards the equator At the poles, cold air sinks and moves towards the equator Around 60° north and south, the air begins to heat up and rise creating low pressure belts. Around 60° north and south, the air begins to heat up and rise creating low pressure belts.

4 Coriolis Effect Winds do not travel north or south, because earth rotating. The curving of the path of winds and ocean currents dues to earth’s rotation is the"Coriolis Effect" In the northern hemisphere, winds traveling north curve east. In the southern hemisphere, winds traveling south curve west

5 Jet Stream The jet streams are narrow belts of high speed winds that blow in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere The jet streams are narrow belts of high speed winds that blow in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere Separates warm air from cold air Separates warm air from cold air The term "jet stream" is often used to refer to the rivers of wind high in the atmosphere - above about 20,000 feet - that steer storms. They also help determine locations of areas of high and low air pressure at the Earth's surface.

6 Global Winds The combination of pressure belts and the Coriolis Effect cause GLOBAL WINDS The combination of pressure belts and the Coriolis Effect cause GLOBAL WINDS Some examples of global winds are polar easterlies, westerlies, and trade winds Some examples of global winds are polar easterlies, westerlies, and trade winds Remember! Northern Hemisphere deflects east (right). Southern hemisphere defects west (left).

7 Global Winds - Polar Easterlies Global Winds - Polar Easterlies Wind belts that extend from the poles to 60° latitude Wind belts that extend from the poles to 60° latitude Formed from cold sinking air moving from the poles creating cold temperatures Formed from cold sinking air moving from the poles creating cold temperatures

8 Global Winds - Westerlies Wind belts found between 30° and 60° latitude Wind belts found between 30° and 60° latitude Flow towards the poles from west to east carrying moist air over the United States Flow towards the poles from west to east carrying moist air over the United States

9 Global Winds - Trade Winds Winds that blow from 30° almost to the equator Winds that blow from 30° almost to the equator Called the trade winds because of their use by early sailors Called the trade winds because of their use by early sailors

10 Global Winds - Doldrums Located along the equator where no winds blow because the warm rising air creates an area of low pressure Located along the equator where no winds blow because the warm rising air creates an area of low pressure

11 Global Winds - Horse Latitudes Occur at about 30° north and south of the equator where the winds are very weak Occur at about 30° north and south of the equator where the winds are very weak Most deserts on the Earth are located here because of the dry air Most deserts on the Earth are located here because of the dry air

12 Global Winds

13 Local Winds Generally move short distances and can blow in any direction Generally move short distances and can blow in any direction Caused by geographic features that produce temperature differences Caused by geographic features that produce temperature differences

14 Local Winds - Sea Breezes High pressure is created over the ocean during the day and low pressure over land due to uneven heating High pressure is created over the ocean during the day and low pressure over land due to uneven heating Air moves from the ocean to the land creating a sea breeze Air moves from the ocean to the land creating a sea breeze See a satellite animation at http://atmo.tamu.edu/clas s/atmo203/tut/seabr/sea1 8.html http://atmo.tamu.edu/clas s/atmo203/tut/seabr/sea1 8.html http://atmo.tamu.edu/clas s/atmo203/tut/seabr/sea1 8.html

15 Local Winds - Land Breezes Low pressure occurs over the ocean during the night and high pressure over land due to the uneven heating of earth Low pressure occurs over the ocean during the night and high pressure over land due to the uneven heating of earth This causes wind to move from the land to the ocean creating a land breeze This causes wind to move from the land to the ocean creating a land breeze

16 Local Winds - Local Winds - Animation Go to http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/visuali zations/es1903/es1903page01.cfm?chapter_no=visualization and view the animation of land breeze and sea breeze. http://www.classzone.com/books/earth_science/terc/content/visuali zations/es1903/es1903page01.cfm?chapter_no=visualization Sketch the a land breeze and a sea breeze in your notes.


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