2 Geometric PotteryEnduring Understanding: Though the Greek civilization experienced a Dark Age from BC, archaeologically, they produced quite a lot of material. It is evident that the Greek civilization continued to advance even through this Dark Age.
3 GEOMETRIC POTTERY History: Between BC, most pottery was influenced by the Dorians,a simple group of people from Europe who took over Greece. Their forms of pottery were simple, uneven shapes.By 1050 BC, a new style began to develop. It is called Geometric style. But the earliest stage of this new style of pottery was called Proto-Geometric ( BC).
4 GEOMETRIC POTTERY Different Types of Pottery: USAGE KRATER: Large Mixing container for water with WineKYLIX: shallow, circular, 2 handled drinking cup on narrow stemHYDRIA: large 3 handled jar for carrying water. One handle for pouring, 2 for lifting.OINOCHOE: small pitcher used for pouring wine into cups
5 GEOMETRIC POTTERY Different Types of Pottery: USAGE AMPHORA: tall, 2 handled storage jar for oil, wine, dry goods such as grain.
6 GEOMETRIC POTTERY DORIAN POTTERY: Crude in design and uneven in terms of symmetry
7 Periods of Geometric Pottery Proto-Geometric Period: BCEarly Geometric Period: BCMiddle Geometric Period: BCLate Geometric Period: BC
8 Periods of Geometric Pottery More complexity over timeLate GeometricMiddle GeometricEarly GeometricProto-Geometric BC
9 GEOMETRIC POTTERY History Proto-Geometric Period: 1050-900 BC Made on a wheelDecoration on pots: black bands, wavy lines, simple geometric shapes.Principally concentric circles and half circles.Careful attention was given to relationship between decoration and shape of pot.Signaled a reawakening of technical proficiency in Greece
11 GEOMETRIC POTTERY PROTO-GEOMETRIC STYLE: Notice: dark colors painted on lighter body.Proto-Geometric neck handled amphoraProto-Geometric belly handled amphora
12 GEOMETRIC POTTERY Geometric Period: 900-700 BC Increasing variety of design on potsMore coverage on pot. Lots of lines and patterns.Complexity of design increases: simple figures of animals then later, humans appear.Bodies and limbs represented by triangles.Some patterns recall those on baskets, clothes, a “weave pattern”.
13 GEOMETRIC POTTERY Geometric Period: Black painted over a lighter body. Depictions of humans and animals are conceptual rather than representational.Human figures reduced to geometric shapes.Upper bodies are triangles.Rest of body in profile.Subject matter: battle scenes or funeral scenes.
14 GEOMETRIC POTTERY Geometric Period: Large amphora with handles attached to neck were also used for the cremated remains of men and boys.Large jars, Kraters, with handles attached to belly could also be used for the cremated remains of women and girls.Shapes: zig-zag, cross-hatched, triangles, the meander and swastika.General rule: size of figure denotes its importance.Some Kraters served as grave monuments. Holes at the bottom allowed the liquid poured in to seep into the ground for the dead.
15 GEOMETRIC POTTERY Early Geometric Style: 900-850 BC Different shapes Early Geometric Grave group BC