Presentation on theme: "Physician Shortages Prepared by: Shaheena Patierno, MSIII SUNY Upstate Medical University."— Presentation transcript:
Physician Shortages Prepared by: Shaheena Patierno, MSIII SUNY Upstate Medical University
Current Forecasts By the year 2020, there will be a shortage of between 85,000 and 96,000 physicians. Population factors will aggravate this problem over the next 12 years: –U.S. population to grow by 50 million people (18% growth) –Geriatric population to grow from 35 million to 54 million people
Shortage in ER Physicians Lack of ER Physicians Lack of board certified and residency trained –38% of currently practicing ER docs are neither Workforce Study (2008) –12 years of constant growth –No attrition –Needed to reach saturation
Shortage in Primary Care Physicians Currently, 38% of the physician workforce practice primary care medicine –Ideal percentage hypothesized to be 50% by ACGME –Patients turn to ERs when they cannot get access Fewer U.S. medical school graduates choosing primary care
Factors Causing Shortage in Primary Care Physicians Disparity in incomes –Lower total reimbursement –Medicare’s reimbursement guidelines are not as favorable to primary care Other factors –Burden of numerous patients –Business of the practice –On-call obligations are more onerous
Uneven Distribution of Providers Rural areas have a smaller ratio of doctors to people –Metropolitan ratio of 262 physicians per 100,000 people –Rural areas (<50,000 people) is 92.5 physicians per 100,000 –Areas with less than 10,000, is 72 physicians per 100,000 21% of U.S. population lives in rural areas –Only 12% of ER physicians choose to practice there –Uneven distribution primarily due to location of residencies –Most practice where their residency program trained them –Most residency programs are located in urban areas
Possible Solutions Increase the number of physicians in production annually. Increase incentives for entering primary care. Optimize distribution of physicians.
Conclusion Severe physician workforce shortages Incentives needed to encourage Emergency Medicine and Primary Care Better physicians distribution needed
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