Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

K The IAASTD Reports (www.agassessment.orgwww.agassessment.org Key issues in relation to food and nutrition security Hans R. Herren, Co-Chair IAASTD, President.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "K The IAASTD Reports (www.agassessment.orgwww.agassessment.org Key issues in relation to food and nutrition security Hans R. Herren, Co-Chair IAASTD, President."— Presentation transcript:

1 K The IAASTD Reports (www.agassessment.orgwww.agassessment.org Key issues in relation to food and nutrition security Hans R. Herren, Co-Chair IAASTD, President Millennium Institute Brussels Rural Development Briefing on Food Security Dec 9, 2009

2 IAASTD: The Reports Global / sub-Global Reports: 400 authors, 52 countries

3 Stakeholder identified the IAASTD Development and Sustainability Goals (=MDG) that the assessment will have to address in respect of AKST’s past, present and future impact on: Reducing Hunger and Poverty Improving Rural Livelihoods Improving Nutrition and Human Health Facilitating Environmentally, Socially, Equitable and Economically Sustainable Development IAASTD background: tasks …under the Challenges of: Climate Change Population and Demand Growth Shrinking Natural Resources / Energy

4 2008 Global context and recent trends Unprecedented increase in ag productivity through R&D

5 The basis of the Green Revolution Nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer, irrigation and pesticide use are UNSUSTAINABLE David Tilman et al. Science 2001

6 1. People have benefited unevenly from the very significant yield increases across regions inequity, poverty health / nutrition uneven trade What’s the Problem with conventional agriculture? 2. this productivity increase has come at costs: environmental sustainability soils water biodiversity climate change

7 Uneven production across regions

8 Source: Stern Review Critical Challenges: Climate change

9 Agriculture’s challenge: what is the right course to food and nutrition security? To meet the IAASTD (=MDG) sustainability and development goals and respond to the new priorities and changing needs means: “a fundamental shift in AKST and the linked agri-food system policies, institutions, capacity development and investments” …..an organic revolution….. i.e., addressing the multifunctionality of agriculture and the needs of the small-scale and family farms with an emphasis on the social, environmental and economic aspects aspects

10 Changing the R&D paradigm and focus Agriculture’s critical challenges: Multifunctionality

11 Global Warming Energy Sector Human Population Food Production Fresh Water Migration Health Catastrophes Land Loss & Flooding Food Production Understand complexity of agriculture

12 A major challenge for food security: The small scale / family farmer Pro-poor progress requires: –creating opportunities for innovation and entrepreneurship –Increased public research and extension investment Small scale/family farm sustainability poses challenging policy choices: – payment for ecological services – decentralized governance systems and technology choices

13 Small scale/family farmers: –Produce the bulk of global food –Are the largest number of stewards for the environmental services and biodiversity –Higher and sustainable productivity increase at their level will have a major impact on all the development goals (organic/ecological) A major opportunity for food security: The small scale / family farmer Critical need: suite of policy approaches that address small-scale / family producers, including AKST designed to improve profitability of the sector

14 Access to land and economic resources Access to urban and export markets Empower farmers with innovative tools, skills and knowledge to manage soils, water, biological resources, pests, etc…. Combine farmers’ with external knowledge (new partnerships) 1. Poverty and livelihoods Options for action : Sustainability Goals Business as usual is not an option

15 AKST approaches for development of food stock management, market intelligences, early warning, distribution systems, ICT Local production (food sovereignty), access and adequate nutritional information / education AKST policies geared towards high value and underutilized crops, organic and fair trade, strengthening of local markets, food safety nets 2. Food security Options for action : Sustainability Goals Business as usual is not an option

16 AKST to enhance sustainability while maintaining productivity (protecting the natural resource base and ecological provisioning) improving nutrient, energy, water and land use efficiency better understanding of crop – environment interactions (realize yield potential), farm diversification, promotion of agro-ecological and conservation agriculture (CA) systems Policies include ending perverse subsidies, payment for ecosystem services, promotion of IPM, organic agriculture, agro-ecology….. 3. Environmental sustainability Options for action : Sustainability Goals Business as usual is not an option

17 The IAASTD recognizes the inter-linkages between health, nutrition, agriculture and the ability to meet the sustainability goals AKSTs for an integrated approach increase food security and safety Additional investments to maintain / improve current systems 4. Human Health and nutrition Options for action : Sustainability Goals Business as usual is not an option

18 Reform of the governance of AKST and related organizations (research, extension), integration of traditional / local knowledge Equitable access to production resources (land / water) Reward for multifunctionality and ecosystem services Multistakeholder participation in decision making Preferential investments in literacy, education and training 5. Equity Options for action : Sustainability Goals Business as usual is not an option

19 Suggest caution……and consideration for the local context Different forms of agro-fuels and uses Weigh the full social, economic and environmental costs 1. Bio-energy Options for action : AKST Themes Business as usual is not an option

20 Relationship is two ways: agriculture is part of the problem and now needs to be part of the solution i.e., win-win solutions: lower rates of ag expansion into forests, natural habitats (preservation of biodiversity and ecosystem services) carbon sequestration measures reduction of external production inputs, increase resilience (fertilizers, pesticides, use organic ag principles and CA) 3. Climate change Options for action : AKST Themes Business as usual is not an option

21 Complex links between health, nutrition, agriculture and AKST not always recognized as policy issue Ill health in the farming community affects the production potential (treadmill). Solution lie in increased income, education, utilization of wider range of food crops Consumption patterns: Need to focus consumers on quality, diversity rather than price and quantity Provide incentives for health promoting foods Joint research projects with nutritionists 4. Human Health Options for action : AKST Themes Business as usual is not an option

22 NRs are the bases of food production Efficient management and utilization of NR to assure long term productivity of the agro- ecosystem More investment in research, training and education. Evaluate the value of the ecosystem services Develop new practitioners networks for long term NR management for the collective good Judicious use of the natural capital to ensure quality of life for future generations 5. Natural Resource Management Options for action : AKST Themes Business as usual is not an option

23 Key elements in assuring food security and sovereignty needed to protect small scale / family farms Ag trade offers opportunities to the small scale farm sector, but only within a new economic order that removes resource –use and market distorting subsidies Environmental externalities need to be fully accounted for Ecosystem services and Carbon trade: new mechanisms to assist the small-scale farm sector 6. Trade and Markets Options for action : AKST Themes Business as usual is not an option

24 Opening national agricultural markets to international competition can offer economic benefits, but can lead to long term negative effects on poverty alleviation, food security and the environment without basic national institutions and infrastructure being in place Options for action: Trade Business as usual is not an option

25 Traditional / local knowledge key in agriculture and food systems importance of local knowledge in traditional foods maintenance of crop diversity builds on local knowledge and depends largely small-scale farmers traditional knowledge is dynamic and need to be integrated through participative working methods into modern AST issues with farmers rights to their knowledge and innovations 7. Traditional and local knowledge and community based innovation Options for action : AKST Themes Business as usual is not an option

26 Issue of definition (conventional, modern) Biotechnology Options for action

27 Current trends in agricultural market liberalization and reorganization of farm work, sustainability and health concerns are redefining links between gender and development 20 to 70 % women in ag production and postharvest activities (export crops) women face deteriorating health and work conditions, limited access to education and control over production resources, low income AKST to be directed towards women’s need investments in value chain (processing), safe practices, remove drudgery 8. Women in agriculture Options for action : AKST Themes Business as usual is not an option

28 Invest in long term gains versus short term quick fixes (i.e., deal with the cause not the symptoms by understanding the system) Options for action New Policies for food and nutrition security

29 You cannot solve the problem with the same kind of thinking that created the problem Albert Einstein Thank you

30 More public investments in regional, national and local public goods; food security and safety; climate change and sustainability More public investments in agricultural knowledge systems/ knowledge networks; improved access to information (ICT); ecological, food, nutrition, social and complex systems’ science; life long learning along the food system. Public – private partnership to fund AKST Investment in rural infrastructure 6. Investments Options for action : Sustainability Goals

31 So far little impact on IAASTD Development and Sustainability Goals Methodological limitations in efficacy and safety testing Problem oriented R&D to continue, but not at the expense of other agricultural research, education and training Patent issue (increased costs for farmers, restricted experimentation, research and seed exchange; undermining local practices that would assure food security and economic sustainability) Exposure of farmers to liabilities, etc. Biotechnology Options for action

32 Options for action: consumption patterns and sustainable development Business as usual is not an option


Download ppt "K The IAASTD Reports (www.agassessment.orgwww.agassessment.org Key issues in relation to food and nutrition security Hans R. Herren, Co-Chair IAASTD, President."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google