Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Policy Transfer and Zero Tolerance Trevor Jones Cardiff University.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Policy Transfer and Zero Tolerance Trevor Jones Cardiff University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Policy Transfer and Zero Tolerance Trevor Jones Cardiff University

2 Key Themes Little evidence of wholesale imports of US-style policing policies and practices. Little evidence of wholesale imports of US-style policing policies and practices. ‘Soft’ policy transfer – ideas, principles, symbols, rhetoric ‘Soft’ policy transfer – ideas, principles, symbols, rhetoric Understanding the local politics of control Understanding the local politics of control Possibilities for resistance Possibilities for resistance

3 Background ESRC Study ESRC Study Studying specific areas of policy change Studying specific areas of policy change Perceived US ‘imports’ – policing, sentencing, corrections Perceived US ‘imports’ – policing, sentencing, corrections Documentary research Documentary research Interviews with key players Interviews with key players

4 Context Convergence in crime control and penal policy (Garland 2001) Convergence in crime control and penal policy (Garland 2001) Global penal expansion (Christie 2000) Global penal expansion (Christie 2000) Notions of ‘Americanisation’ (Wacquant 1999) Notions of ‘Americanisation’ (Wacquant 1999)

5 What is Policy Transfer? ‘…the process by which knowledge of policies, administrative arrangements, institutions and ideas in one political system (past or present) is used in the development of policies, administrative arrangements, institutions and ideas in another political system’ (Dolowitz and Marsh 2000) Key questions in the study of policy transfer: Who are the key actors? Who are the key actors? Why do they engage in policy transfer? Why do they engage in policy transfer? What is transferred? What is transferred? From where are lessons learned? From where are lessons learned? What are the different types of transfer? What are the different types of transfer? What facilitates or constrains transfer? What facilitates or constrains transfer?

6 Studying Policy Transfer Timing and policy similarity between jurisdictions Timing and policy similarity between jurisdictions Identification of ‘transfer agents’ Identification of ‘transfer agents’ Evidence that knowledge about developments in one jurisdiction has shaped policy developments in another Evidence that knowledge about developments in one jurisdiction has shaped policy developments in another

7 ZERO TOLERANCE IN NEW YORK CITY Quality of Life Policing Quality of Life Policing COMPSTAT COMPSTAT Performance management Performance management Use of civil law Use of civil law Media strategy Media strategy Charismatic leadership Charismatic leadership Staffing increases Staffing increases

8 ‘ZERO TOLERANCE POLICING’ IN BRITAIN 1. Cleveland Police ‘Confident Policing’ in Hartlepool and Middlesbrough ‘Confident Policing’ in Hartlepool and Middlesbrough ‘Robocop’ Ray Mallon ‘Robocop’ Ray Mallon 2. Metropolitan Police Operation ‘Zero Tolerance’ (Kings Cross, London) Operation ‘Zero Tolerance’ (Kings Cross, London) Crackdown on street begging (2000) Crackdown on street begging (2000) 3. Strathclyde Police Operation Spotlight (Glasgow) Operation Spotlight (Glasgow)

9 Levels of policy (Pollitt 2001) 1. Policy symbols/rhetoric (“Talk”) General ideas/principles General ideas/principles Style/rhetoric Style/rhetoric Primarily media & politicians Primarily media & politicians Explicitly rejected by many senior police officers Explicitly rejected by many senior police officers 2. Policy instruments (“Decisions”) Legislation, interventions, court rulings, formal policy statements Legislation, interventions, court rulings, formal policy statements Within policing sphere, piecemeal/partial localised transfer Within policing sphere, piecemeal/partial localised transfer Broader ASB agenda (CDA 1998, ASBA 2003) Broader ASB agenda (CDA 1998, ASBA 2003) 3. Policy implementation (“Action”) Uneven implementation (ASBOs, curfews) Uneven implementation (ASBOs, curfews) Elite resistance Elite resistance Local politics Local politics

10 Policy Transfer Agents 1. Senior police officers NYPD (Bratton, Maple, Timoney) NYPD (Bratton, Maple, Timoney) Ray Mallon (1995) Ray Mallon (1995) Metropolitan Police (eg. Paul Condon, John Stephens) Metropolitan Police (eg. Paul Condon, John Stephens) HMIC (1995-6) HMIC (1995-6) 2. Politicians Rudy Giuliani Rudy Giuliani Tony Blair, Jack Straw, Alun Michael, Ken Livingstone, Michael Howard, Anne Widdecombe, Tony Blair, Jack Straw, Alun Michael, Ken Livingstone, Michael Howard, Anne Widdecombe, 3. Policy entrepreneurs Think tanks (Manhatten Institute, IEA) Think tanks (Manhatten Institute, IEA) George Kelling George Kelling Bratton Bratton Giuliani Giuliani

11 Policy Transfer Processes: Elite networking Study trips Study trips Official visits Official visits Political party contacts Political party contacts Policy evangelism Policy evangelism Conferences/seminars Conferences/seminars

12 Limits to policy transfer 1. Political/institutional context Post-Scarman policingPost-Scarman policing Operational independenceOperational independence 2. The local politics of policing The messy realities of policy-makingThe messy realities of policy-making Uneven cultures of controlUneven cultures of control

13 Understanding policy transfer  Within the realm of policing, limited evidence of ‘hard’ policy transfer, significant evidence of ‘soft’ transfer from USA  Stronger evidence of hard transfer (“decisions” and “action”) in government’s broader ASB agenda  Understanding local political contexts  Possibilities for resistance


Download ppt "Policy Transfer and Zero Tolerance Trevor Jones Cardiff University."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google