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The Land Where Continents Collided.   Subcontinent – large landmass that is smaller than a continent  Northern Mountains  Himalaya Mountains  Hindu.

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Presentation on theme: "The Land Where Continents Collided.   Subcontinent – large landmass that is smaller than a continent  Northern Mountains  Himalaya Mountains  Hindu."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Land Where Continents Collided

2   Subcontinent – large landmass that is smaller than a continent  Northern Mountains  Himalaya Mountains  Hindu Kush  Karakoram Mountains  Southern Plateaus  Vindhya Range  Deccan Plateau Mountains and Plateaus

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4   Great Rivers  Indus River flows west and then south through Pakistan to the Arabian Sea  Ganges River drops down from the central Himalayas and flows eastward across northern India.  Brahmaputra River winds its way east, then west and south through Bangladesh  The Ganges and Brahmaputra meet and form a delta before entering the Bay of Bengal. Rivers, Deltas, and Plains

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6   Indo-Gangetic Plain – most heavily populated part of South Asia.  Contains 3/5 of India’s population  New Delhi and Kolkata in India  Dakha in Bangladesh Fertile Plains

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8   Sri Lanka  Lush tropical land  Rugged mountains dominate the center – 8,000 feet in elevation  The Maldives  Comprise an archipelago – island group of more than 1,200 small islands (200 are inhabited)  Atoll – an island formed from a peak of a submerged volcano. Offshore Islands

9   Great River systems bring alluvial soil (rich soil) down from the mountains. When rivers overflow their banks, they deposit this soil on alluvial plains – lands that are rich farmland.  Result : Indo-Gangetic Plain is one of the most fertile farming regions in the world Natural Resources

10   Water and Soil  Great river systems  Fish: Mackerel, sardines, carp, and catfish  Forests  Timber  Rain forests produce hardwoods  Deforestation - problem  Minerals  India – 4 th in coal production  India, Pakistan, Bangladesh – natural gas resources  India – iron ore (leading exporter) used in steel industry  India – mica, key component in electrical equipment – India has growing computer industry  Sri Lanka – sapphires and rubies Natural Resources

11   Half of the climate zones that exist on Earth can be found in South Asia!!!  6 main climate zones (Tropical Wet, Tropical Wet and Dry, Desert, Semiarid, Humid subtropical, Highland) Climate – Wet and Dry, Hot and Cold

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13   Monsoons and Cyclones  Monsoons – seasonal winds – Oct. through Feb. dry winds blow across South Asia from the northeast  June through September – winds blow in from the southwest, bringing moist ocean air and heavy rains Climate

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15   Cyclone  Extreme weather pattern  Violent storm with fierce winds and heavy rain  Most destructive in Bangladesh  A severe cyclone can cause widespread damage and kill thousands of people Climate

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17   Plat life in South Asia varies  Vegetation Zones  Forested areas – tropical wet zones (western coast of Indian and southern Bangladesh), rain forests  Highland Zone – northern India, Nepal, and Bhutan – forests of pine, fir, and other evergreens  Humid Subtropical – river valleys and foothills  Deforestation is a problem everyone  Less than 1/5 of India’s original forests remain Vegetation: Desert to Rain Forest

18   Ganges River – not only an important water resource, but also a sacred river to the Hindus (the religion of most Indians)  Most well-known river and extremely important to human life in this region (Lifeblood of India)  Flows 1,500 miles from its source in a Himalayan glacier to the Bay of Bengal  Important for Indians  Drinking water, farming, and transportation Human-Environmental Interaction

19   According to Hindus, the Ganges is a sacred river that brings life to its people. The Hindus worship the river as a goddess, and they believe its water has healing powers.  Sacred sites and temples line the banks of the Ganges  Pilgrims come from all over the world to drink and bathe in its waters  Scatter ashes A Sacred River

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22   One of the most sacred sites on the Ganges  As sun rises, Hindu pilgrims enter the water for purification and prayer  They float baskets of flowers and burning candles on the water  Daily celebration of their faith in the Ganges and its sacred water. Varanasi

23   One of the most polluted rivers in the world  Millions of gallons of raw sewage and industrial waste flow into the river everyday  Huge problem  According to Hindus, Ganges is too holy to be harmed by pollution A Polluted River

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