Presentation on theme: "Fierce Fighting During the Battle of Cold Harbor - men pinned their names and addresses on uniforms for ID. Petersburg = north won too. Wilderness and."— Presentation transcript:
Fierce Fighting During the Battle of Cold Harbor - men pinned their names and addresses on uniforms for ID. Petersburg = north won too. Wilderness and Spotsylvania Grant kept his troops on the attack, winning both – many died on both sides Cold Harbor and Petersburg Sherman won the Battle of Atlanta after closing down the last railroad line. 1 mo. b4 Union pres. elections. Sherman on the move
Confederate Hopes Fade Dems. nominated McClellan, he called for an immediate end to the war. Gave south hope Repubs. picked Tennessee’s Andrew Johnson to run with Lincoln as VP. Lincoln expected to lose the election. Lincoln won easy against McClellan (because Sherman just took over Atlanta). Congress passed the 13 th Amend. (ended slavery), War = over (except for “diehards”)
The War Comes to an End Sherman’s March After the election, Sherman marched across Georgia = “March to the Sea“ Sherman = destruction 300 miles long and 50–60 miles wide. After taking Savannah, Sherman turned north through South Carolina, destroying civilian property all along the way. The fall of Richmond Lee only had 35,000 defenders at Petersburg, low on supplies. Grant didn’t wait for Sherman. he broke through Lee’s defenses at Petersburg & took Richmond. Lee tried to escape, Grant blocked the way.
Surrender at Appomattox Lee and Grant Union forces surrounded them, Lee surrendered, April 1865 Terms of the surrender for Lee. = troops had to turn over their weapons and leave. Grant announced, “The war is over. The rebels are our countrymen again.” The war is over The last of the Confederate forces surrendered May 26, Lincoln was shot April 1865 (just a few days after Lee’s surrender)