2 Japan Seeks and Empire Militarists seized control of govt. Did not try to establish new govt, restored control of govt to militaryEmperor at the topMilitary answers only to the emperor (and in future will help rule)In the ’s Great Depression and Government Corruption lead to the military appointing a “Prime Minister” to rule with Emperor’s all Prime Ministers are being assassinated so there is fear for a non-military prime minister to be in charge
3 Emperor Hirohito (Showa) 1926 he becomes the EmperorAppoints Tojo as Prime MinisterHe had complete control over, and commanded complete loyalty from his subjects.
4 Hideki TojoTojo believed in the Racial Superiority of the Japanese people, especially over the Chinese.He was also ultra-nationalistic as well as very militaristic.He wanted to expand the Japanese empire throughout the Pacific Rim.
5 General Hideki Tojo Nicknamed the ‘razor’ Responsible for 8m civilian deaths, countless deaths and experiments on prisoners of war.Apologized for military atrocities on his death.Executed for war crimes 1948
6 Post WWI JapanJapan is facing economic depression, large population, and lack of natural resourcesPeople of Japan cannot go across the Pacific, instead sent to Manchuriahad plenty of coal, plus industries and ports.Looking for markets to sell their industrialized goodsEurope and Africa are taken by EuropeansWhen Britain pulls out of China, Japan tries to take overPan Asianism: “Asia is one”People of Japan cannot go across the Pacific, instead sent to Manchuria : 1923-Exclusion Act
8 Military and Political ideologies Invasion is necessary“Korea is the dagger into the heart of Japan”To protect Japan you must control Korea (1910)To protect Korea you must control ManchuriaTo protect Manchuria you must control ChinaIf they resist you must force them!
9 The Manchurian Incident 1931 Claimed Chinese sabotaged a railwayJapanese army occupied ManchuriaRename it ManchukuoCreate a puppet state
10 League of Nations Responds Remember.. US is NOT part of LeagueBy 1930s League does include Japan, Italy, and Germany…LoN protested Japan’s action in Manchuria…but doesn’t take any REAL actionDemands Japan withdraw troopsJapan LEAVES League of Nations in 1933
11 Japan Invades ChinaFollowing invasion of Manchuria, Japan invades China (1937)Japan needs raw materialsSecond Sino-Japanese WarFierce resistance from Chinese troopsWar lasts 8 years = 8 million Chinese casualtiesBoth civilians and troops