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Age of Exploration 4 CAUSES 4 FIGURES 4 DETAILS 4 EFFECTS ab cd.

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Presentation on theme: "Age of Exploration 4 CAUSES 4 FIGURES 4 DETAILS 4 EFFECTS ab cd."— Presentation transcript:

1 Age of Exploration 4 CAUSES 4 FIGURES 4 DETAILS 4 EFFECTS ab cd

2 4 CAUSES 4 FIGURES 4 DETAILS 4 EFFECTS Age of Exploration Using a blank piece of paper, make four boxes, each with four boxes inside of them. Label the boxes like this, follow along, and list 4 causes, 4 figures, 4 events & 4 effects. 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 4 3 4 3 4 3 4

3 Age of Exploration 4 CAUSES a Jesus gave his early followers the task of spreading the gospel to all peoples and all nations of the world. As a result of this Great Commission, Catholics and Protestants alike saw the unknown parts of the world as a mission field by the 1500s. 1) Christianity

4 Age of Exploration 4 CAUSES a The quest to understand the world came out of the scientific revolution. Scientific principles were applied to map-making (cartography), to compasses and navigation, and to technology (e.g. designing better, safer, faster ships). 2) Scientific Revolution

5 Age of Exploration 4 CAUSES a In Portugal, a prince named Henry the Navigator developed sailing schools, which began to look at safer ways to travel the seas. They developed a safer, faster ship called the caravel that became the prototype for all ships from the Age of Exploration. 3) Portugal and the Caravel

6 Age of Exploration 4 CAUSES a For God! For Gold!! For Glory!!! This slogan pretty much summarizes the main reasons for Europeans exploring the world. For God, refers to the missionary calling described earlier. For Gold refers to a quest for riches (either individual or for country). For Glory refers to accomplishments and building a legacy. 4) God, Gold & Glory

7 Age of Exploration 4 FIGURES b Vasco Da Gama is famous for rounding the southern tip of the African continent and reaching India. Da Gama has a mixed legacy as he was known to ruthlessly slaughter and dismember Indians and other non-Christians. 1) Vasco Da Gama

8 Age of Exploration 4 FIGURES b Christopher Columbus is arguably the most famous figure from the Age of Exploration. He made four trips across the Atlantic Ocean, believing he was in Asia. It wasn’t until later that people began to realize he was in a “New World”. 2) Christopher Columbus

9 Age of Exploration 4 FIGURES b Unlike Columbus, Amerigo Vespucci knew that he was exploring new continents, and knew he was NOT in Asia. In fact, the continents in America (both North and South) are named after Vespucci’s first name. 3) Amerigo Vespucci

10 Age of Exploration 4 FIGURES b Although he was killed halfway around the world (in the Philippines), Ferdinand Magellan made history be leading the first expedition around the Earth. Only one of the five ships made it. 4) Ferdinand Magellan

11 Age of Exploration 4 DETAILS c Henry never personally explored Africa, but the results of his sailing schools were Portuguese sailors making it further and further down the coast of West Africa. Portugal began establishing some of the first colonies of the Age of Exploration on the African coast. 1) Henry’s Navigation Schools

12 Age of Exploration c Marco Polo was famous in the 1200s for traveling on land via the Silk Road from Europe to Asia. But Vasco Da Gama showed that the same trip could be made at sea. His trip from Portugal to India opened the way for later travelers to do the same. The Suez Canal (joining the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea) made this trip even shorter. 2) New water route to Asia 4 DETAILS

13 Age of Exploration c The continents of North and South America were not any newer than Europe, Africa or Asia, but to Europeans, it was certainly a “New World”. The New World contained diverse people groups and vast empires such as the Inca of the South American Andes, or the Aztecs of Central America. 3) Finding a “New World” 4 DETAILS

14 Age of Exploration c Magellan’s voyage around the world cost him his life, but the 20 or so crewmen who survived the trip proved once and for all that the Earth was indeed round. It also showed the need for an international dateline since the crew was one day off from the rest of Europe upon their return three years later. 4) Circumnavigating the Globe 4 DETAILS

15 Age of Exploration 4 EFFECTS c With European nations exploring other parts of the globe came an age of colonialism. Colonies are simply regions of land claimed by another nation. Early in the Age of Exploration, Portugal and Spain dominated the competition for colonies, while England and France dominated later in the Age of Exploration. 1) Colonialism

16 Age of Exploration c Mercantilism refers to an economic system where individual sailors explore, claim land, and practice trade for the sake of the host nation (e.g. Portugal, Spain, England, France, Belgium). Mercantilism promoted competition between European countries for colonies and resources. 2) Mercantilism 4 EFFECTS

17 Age of Exploration c The Columbian Exchange refers to the introduction of new animals, plants, ideas, and even diseases between the Old World (Europe) and the New World (America). Things like tomatoes, potatoes and corn came to Europe, while things like horses, cattle and citrus fruits came to the Americas. 3) Columbian Exchange 4 EFFECTS

18 Age of Exploration c As the quest for colonies and resources heated up, a sense of national competition and national pride emerged. This is called nationalism. And ultimately, the competition grew so fierce that it became one of the causes of World War One in 1914. 4) Nationalism, Competition 4 EFFECTS

19 Age of Exploration 4 CAUSES 4 FIGURES 4 DETAILS 4 EFFECTS ab cd

20 Christopher Columbus

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