Presentation on theme: "Lesson 9.2: Challenges to the New Government"— Presentation transcript:
1Lesson 9.2: Challenges to the New Government Today’s Essential Question: How did the Washington administration face its problems at home and with foreign countries?
2Securing the Northwest Territory The Trans-Appalachian WestSpain claimed the land west of the Mississippi, Florida, and the port of New Orleans.
3The Port of New Orleans Key to trade for American settlers in the West Goods carried to market by flatboatThe Spanish threatened to close the port of New Orleans to Americans.
4Securing the Northwest Territory The Spanish stirred up trouble between the white settlers and Native American groups in the Southeast.
5Securing the Northwest Territory The British still held forts north of the Ohio River in order to maintain its access to the fur in these territories.Indian resistance to white settlement encouraged by Britain
6Securing the Northwest Territory In the Northwest, American settlers met fierce resistance from Native Americans.1790 – Chief Little Turtle wins two decisive victories against U.S. troops by uniting many tribes in a confederation to defeat the federal army.
7The Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794) Without Little Turtle’s leadership, the Indians were defeated by General Anthony Wayne’s troops.
8The Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794) The British refused to help the retreating Indians because they did not want war with the United States, refused to help them.
9The Treaty of Greenville Native Americans surrender most of Ohio and IndianaTreaty ended Indian hopes of keeping their land in Ohio
10The Whiskey RebellionWhiskey was used by farmers as money to trade for other goods.1794 – farmers in western Pennsylvania rebelled
11Washington sent an army to crush the Whiskey Rebellion. Washington meant to show that the government had the power and the will to enforce its laws.
12The French Revolution1789 – French Revolution (liberte, egalite, fraternite)Strong U.S. support until the struggle turned violentLouis XVI and thousands of citizens killed
13The French RevolutionBritain, Spain, and Holland declared war against France.United States caught in the middleFrance had been America’s ally against the BritishBritain had become America’s #1 trade partner
14Hamilton – ‘British trade is too important to risk in war.’ The French RevolutionHamilton – ‘British trade is too important to risk in war.’Jefferson – ‘Any move against the French Revolution is an attack on liberty everywhere.’
16Remaining neutral proved difficult. 1792 – Britain began seizing the cargoes of American ships sailing to Europe.This angered many Americans and made it hard for the United States to remain neutral.
17Jay’s TreatyJohn Jay sent to England to negotiate an end to the seizures of American shipsAlso to get them to give up their NW Territory forts
18Jay’s TreatyNews of the Battle of Fallen Timbers helped convince Britain to give up the forts by 1796.The British also agreed to pay damages for vessels they had seized.
19Jay’s TreatyJay’s treaty was unpopular, because he did not convince the British to open trade with the British West Indies to Americans.
20Pinckney’s Treaty with Spain (1795) Americans could travel freely on the Mississippi River and to New Orleans.Spain accepted the 31st parallel as the boundary between Spanish Florida and United States.