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Lesson 9.2: Challenges to the New Government Today’s Essential Question: How did the Washington administration face its problems at home and with foreign.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 9.2: Challenges to the New Government Today’s Essential Question: How did the Washington administration face its problems at home and with foreign."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 9.2: Challenges to the New Government Today’s Essential Question: How did the Washington administration face its problems at home and with foreign countries?

2 Securing the Northwest Territory The Trans- Appalachian West Spain claimed the land west of the Mississippi, Florida, and the port of New Orleans.

3 The Port of New Orleans Key to trade for American settlers in the WestKey to trade for American settlers in the West Goods carried to market by flatboatGoods carried to market by flatboat The Spanish threatened to close the port of New Orleans to Americans.The Spanish threatened to close the port of New Orleans to Americans.

4 Securing the Northwest Territory The Spanish stirred up trouble between the white settlers and Native American groups in the Southeast.

5 Securing the Northwest Territory The British still held forts north of the Ohio River in order to maintain its access to the fur in these territories.The British still held forts north of the Ohio River in order to maintain its access to the fur in these territories. Indian resistance to white settlement encouraged by BritainIndian resistance to white settlement encouraged by Britain

6 Securing the Northwest Territory In the Northwest, American settlers met fierce resistance from Native Americans – Chief Little Turtle wins two decisive victories against U.S. troops by uniting many tribes in a confederation to defeat the federal army.

7 The Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794) Without Little Turtle’s leadership, the Indians were defeated by General Anthony Wayne’s troops.

8 The Battle of Fallen Timbers (1794) The British refused to help the retreating Indians because they did not want war with the United States, refused to help them.

9 The Treaty of Greenville Native Americans surrender most of Ohio and IndianaNative Americans surrender most of Ohio and Indiana Treaty ended Indian hopes of keeping their land in OhioTreaty ended Indian hopes of keeping their land in Ohio

10 The Whiskey Rebellion Whiskey was used by farmers as money to trade for other goods.Whiskey was used by farmers as money to trade for other goods – farmers in western Pennsylvania rebelled1794 – farmers in western Pennsylvania rebelled

11 Washington sent an army to crush the Whiskey Rebellion. Washington meant to show that the government had the power and the will to enforce its laws.

12 The French Revolution 1789 – French Revolution (liberte, egalite, fraternite) Strong U.S. support until the struggle turned violent Louis XVI and thousands of citizens killed

13 The French Revolution Britain, Spain, and Holland declared war against France.Britain, Spain, and Holland declared war against France. United States caught in the middleUnited States caught in the middle France had been America’s ally against the BritishFrance had been America’s ally against the British Britain had become America’s #1 trade partnerBritain had become America’s #1 trade partner

14 The French Revolution Hamilton – ‘British trade is too important to risk in war.’ Jefferson – ‘Any move against the French Revolution is an attack on liberty everywhere.’

15 Washington declared U.S would remain neutral.

16 Remaining neutral proved difficult – Britain began seizing the cargoes of American ships sailing to Europe.1792 – Britain began seizing the cargoes of American ships sailing to Europe. This angered many Americans and made it hard for the United States to remain neutral.This angered many Americans and made it hard for the United States to remain neutral.

17 Jay’s Treaty John Jay sent to England to negotiate an end to the seizures of American ships Also to get them to give up their NW Territory forts

18 Jay’s Treaty News of the Battle of Fallen Timbers helped convince Britain to give up the forts by 1796.News of the Battle of Fallen Timbers helped convince Britain to give up the forts by The British also agreed to pay damages for vessels they had seized.The British also agreed to pay damages for vessels they had seized.

19 Jay’s Treaty Jay’s treaty was unpopular, because he did not convince the British to open trade with the British West Indies to Americans.

20 Pinckney’s Treaty with Spain (1795) Americans could travel freely on the Mississippi River and to New Orleans.Americans could travel freely on the Mississippi River and to New Orleans. Spain accepted the 31st parallel as the boundary between Spanish Florida and United States.Spain accepted the 31st parallel as the boundary between Spanish Florida and United States.


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