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ENGLISH DIPHTHONGS Hartono, S.S., M.Pd. College of Language (COLASULA) Sultan Agung Islamic University.

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Presentation on theme: "ENGLISH DIPHTHONGS Hartono, S.S., M.Pd. College of Language (COLASULA) Sultan Agung Islamic University."— Presentation transcript:

1 ENGLISH DIPHTHONGS Hartono, S.S., M.Pd. College of Language (COLASULA) Sultan Agung Islamic University

2 Definition: Diphthong: Sounds which consist of a movement or glide from one vowel to another. Pure Vowel: A vowel which remains constant does not glide.

3 Diphthongs have the same length as the long vowels. The first part (sound) is much longer and stronger than the second part. Example: aɪ in the words ‘eye’ and ‘ɪ ’ consists of the ‘a’ vowel, and only in about the last quarter of the diphthong, does the glide to ‘ɪ’ becomes noticeable.

4 English has 8 diphthongs. Centering diphthong: 1. three (3) ending in ‘ə’ : ɪə, eə, uə Closing diphthong 2. three (3) ending in ‘ɪ’: eɪ, aɪ, ɔɪ 3. two (2) ending in ‘u’: əu, au

5 EXAMPLES: ɪə : beard, weird, fierce, ear, beer, tear eə: aired, cairn, scarce, bear, hair, uə: moored, tour, lure, sure, pure eɪ : paid, pain, face, shade, age, wait, taste, paper aɪ: tide, time, nice, buy, bike, pie, eye, kite, fine ɔɪ: void, loin, voice, oil, boil, coin, toy, Roy əu: load, home, most, bone, phone, boat, bowl au: loud, gown, house, cow, bow, brow, grouse

6 TRIPTHONGS A triphthong is a glide from one vowel to another and the to a third, all produced rapidly and without interruption. For example, a careful pronunciation of the word ‘hour’ begins with a vowel quality similar to ‘ɑ:’, goes on to ‘u’ then ends in ‘ə’. It says /auə/

7 Triphthong : 5 closing diphthongs with ‘ə’ added on the end. - eɪ + ə = eɪə. As in layer, player - aɪ + ə = aɪə. As in lire, fire - ɔɪ + ə = ɔɪə, As in loyal, royal - əu + ə = əuə, as in lower, mower - au + ə = auə, as in power, hour.

8 PRACTICE THE FOLLOWING WORDS Edge bargepage voyage percentageweight fright pain poppies pepper Machine sing noise shy spoilt Frightened stars darn sigh shorn Horse how’s hose harms owl all

9 Tour found goose class annoys home Soup mouse snow serve gnaws Though through pea beer pier their They’re stare pain closed again ears


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