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Big Question: Must cultural differences lead to conflict? Author: Philip Steele Genre: Informational Text.

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Presentation on theme: "Big Question: Must cultural differences lead to conflict? Author: Philip Steele Genre: Informational Text."— Presentation transcript:

1 Big Question: Must cultural differences lead to conflict? Author: Philip Steele Genre: Informational Text

2 Small Group Small Group Timer Timer

3 Review Games Story Sort Story Sort Story Sort Story Sort VocabularyWords Vocabulary Words: Arcade Games Arcade Games Arcade Games Arcade Games Study Stack Study Stack Study Stack Study Stack Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Vocabulary Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words Spelling City: Spelling Words

4 Spelling Words Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize

5 memorize advertise service realize justice exercise recognize organize civilize apprentice supervise sacrifice sympathize enterprise minimize cowardice improvise paradise vocalize compromise immobilize hypnotize immunize merchandise pasteurize

6 Big Question: Must cultural differences lead to conflict? Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday

7 Vocabulary Words benefits campaigns comrades enrich foreigners invaders dominate noblemen alliances fierce tribe Vocabulary Words More Words to Know

8 Monday Question of the Day Must cultural differences lead to conflict?

9 Today we will learn about: Build Concepts Draw Conclusions Answer Questions Build Background Vocabulary Fluency: Stress/Emphasis Grammar: Quotations and Quotation Marks Spelling: Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize Culture

10 Fluency Stress/Emphasis

11 Fluency: Stress/Emphasis Listen as I read “Hernando Cortes and the Conquest.” As I read, notice how I read with expression by using stress and emphasis to highlight the dramatic elements in the selection. Be ready to answer questions after I finish.

12 Fluency: Phrasing Why do you think Cortes and his soldiers’ spirits were high on entering Tenochtitlan? What in the last paragraph of the selection indicates that conquering the Aztec may be more difficult than Cortes imagines?

13 Concept Vocabulary alliances – unions of persons, groups, or nations formed by agreement for some special purpose or benefit fierce – very great or strong tribe – group of people sharing the same customs, language, and ancestors

14 Concept Vocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)

15 Build Concept Vocabulary Build Concept Vocabulary alliances, fierce, tribes Groups Conflicts Trade Culture

16 Draw Conclusions, Answer Questions Turn to Page

17 Prior Knowledge What do you know about the Aztecs of Mexico? K (What do you know?) W (What would you like to learn?) L (What did you learn?)

18 Build Background This week’s audio explores the education of youth in Aztec culture at a school called Telpuchcalli (house of youth). After you listen, we will discuss what you found out and what surprised you most about the education boys received at this school.

19 Vocabulary Words

20 benefits – things which are for the good of someone or something campaigns – series of related military operations in a war comrades – fellow workers or soldiers enrich – to make rich or richer

21 Vocabulary Words foreigners – persons from another country invaders – enemies who enter with force or attack

22 More Words to Know dominate – to control or rule by strength or power noblemen – men of high rank, title, or birth

23 Grammar Quotations and Quotation Marks

24 the aztecs offered sacrifises to their gods The Aztecs offered sacrifices to their gods. musicians offers a valuable survice Musicians offer a valuable service.

25 Quotations and Quotation Marks “They’re pochtecas,” she said, smiling. “They are the merchants who bring in marvelous things for us to buy at the market.” The parts of the sentence enclosed in quotation marks are the person’s exact words, or quotations. The rest of the first sentence is set off from the quotation by a comma.

26 Quotations and Quotation Marks A direct quotation gives a speaker’s exact words. Begin each quotation with a capital letter and enclose it in quotation marks. Use commas to set off words that introduce, interrupt, or follow a direct quotation.

27 Quotations and Quotation Marks Place the end punctuation or the comma that ends the quotation inside the quotation marks. “Are you going to the festival tonight?” I asked. “I will go,” he replied.

28 Quotations and Quotation Marks Do not begin the second part of an interrupted quotation with a capital letter. Set off the interrupting words with commas. “My baby is ill,” said the woman, “so I can’t attend.”

29 Quotations and Quotation Marks If the interrupted quotation is two complete sentences, use a period and a capital letter. “Look at that warrior,” I said. “He is brave.”

30 Quotations and Quotation Marks An indirect quotation is a quotation that is reworded instead of being quoted directly. It does not need quotation marks. Sara said she was going to the festival.

31 Quotations and Quotation Marks Quotations and Quotation Marks Is each sentence punctuated and capitalized correctly or incorrectly? “When you study Aztec history” said Mr. Dale, “you will learn about Montezuma.” incorrect “We burned the temple as a sign to the world,” boasted the warrior. correct

32 Quotations and Quotation Marks Quotations and Quotation Marks Is each sentence punctuated and capitalized correctly or incorrectly? The warrior shouted, “Round up the captives”! incorrect “I am an Eagle warrior,” he said, “And my brother is a Jaguar.”. incorrect

33 Quotations and Quotation Marks Quotations and Quotation Marks Is each sentence punctuated and capitalized correctly or incorrectly? “Put this gold in the treasury,” he ordered. “Montezuma will be pleased.” correct

34 Quotations and Quotation Marks Quotations and Quotation Marks Add quotation marks to each sentence as needed. Do not mark sentences that have no errors. The Spaniards have reached our shores! cried the young boy. “The Spaniards have reached our shores!” cried the young boy.

35 Quotations and Quotation Marks Quotations and Quotation Marks Add quotation marks to each sentence as needed. Do not mark sentences that have no errors. The Spaniards and our enemies have joined forces, he warned. We must beware. “The Spaniards and our enemies have joined forces,” he warned. “We must beware.”

36 Quotations and Quotation Marks Quotations and Quotation Marks Add quotation marks to each sentence as needed. Do not mark sentences that have no errors. He said the Spaniards burned their ships. No quotation marks are needed.

37 Quotations and Quotation Marks Quotations and Quotation Marks Add quotation marks to each sentence as needed. Do not mark sentences that have no errors. Because Montezuma is a weak leader, said the nobleman, we must choose another leader. “Because Montezuma is a weak leader,” said the nobleman, “we must choose another leader.”

38 Quotations and Quotation Marks Quotations and Quotation Marks Add quotation marks to each sentence as needed. Do not mark sentences that have no errors. This is an exciting part of Aztec history, said our teacher. Don’t you agree? “This is an exciting part of Aztec history,” said our teacher. “Don’t you agree?”

39 Spelling Words Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize

40 memorize advertise service realize justice exercise recognize organize civilize apprentice supervise sacrifice sympathize enterprise minimize cowardice improvise paradise vocalize compromise immobilize hypnotize immunize merchandise pasteurize

41 Tuesday Question of the Day Why might the Aztecs have difficulty defeating the Spaniards?

42 Today we will learn about: Draw Conclusions Answer Questions Author’s Purpose Vocabulary Fluency: Choral Reading Grammar: Quotations and Quotation Marks Spelling: Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize Social Studies: Aztec Calendar Culture

43 Vocabulary Strategy: Dictionary/Glossary Turn to Page

44 Aztec News Turn to Page

45 Fluency Choral Reading

46 Fluency: Choral Reading Turn to page 730, paragraphs 2-4. As I read, notice the triumphant tone of the reporter and the strong images of war that he evokes. We will practice as a class doing three choral readings.

47 Grammar Quotations and Quotation Marks

48 the warrior was accused of cowardis The warrior was accused of cowardice. the aztecs didnt compromize their beliefs The Aztecs didn’t compromise their beliefs.

49 Quotations and Quotation Marks A direct quotation gives a speaker’s exact words and is enclosed in quotation marks (“ “). Words that tell who is speaking, whether they introduce, interrupt, or follow the quotation, are set off by punctuation.

50 Quotations and Quotation Marks In an indirect quotation, the speaker’s words are restated. Because the words are not exactly as the speaker said them, they are not enclosed in quotation marks.

51 Spelling Words Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize

52 memorize advertise service realize justice exercise recognize organize civilize apprentice supervise sacrifice sympathize enterprise minimize cowardice improvise paradise vocalize compromise immobilize hypnotize immunize merchandise pasteurize

53 Wednesday Question of the Day In what ways are the Aztecs similar to the Europeans who have invaded their land?

54 Today we will learn about: Draw Conclusions Answer Questions Dictionary/Glossary Vocabulary Fluency: Model Stress/Emphasis Grammar: Quotations and Quotation Marks Spelling: Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize Social Studies: Founding of Tenochtitlan Social Studies: Class Differences Culture

55 Aztec News Turn to Page

56 Fluency Stress/Emphasis

57 Fluency: Stress/Emphasis Turn to page 736, first two paragraphs. As I read, notice how I stress the exclamation point at the end of the first paragraph and how I use my voice to express the poetic simile that compares Tenochtitlan to a jewel. Now we will practice together as a class by doing three choral readings.

58 Grammar Quotations and Quotation Marks

59 slaves are not alowed to vocalise his opions Slaves are not allowed to vocalize their opinions. “you should never run out of food at a party? she said “You should never run out of food at a party,” she said.

60 Quotations and Quotation Marks A direct quotation gives a speaker’s exact words and is enclosed in quotation marks (“ “). Words that tell who is speaking, whether they introduce, interrupt, or follow the quotation, are set off by punctuation.

61 Quotations and Quotation Marks In an indirect quotation, the speaker’s words are restated. Because the words are not exactly as the speaker said them, they are not enclosed in quotation marks.

62 Quotations and Quotation Marks An expert opinion can have a powerful impact. Use quotations to add support and inspiration to reports and persuasive writing. Be sure you use correct punctuation and capitalization so your ideas are clear.

63 Quotations and Quotation Marks Quotation for Support: As Abraham Lincoln said, “If you want to test a man’s character, give him power.” Review something you have written to see if you can improve it by adding quotations to support your ideas.

64 Spelling Words Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize

65 memorize advertise service realize justice exercise recognize organize civilize apprentice supervise sacrifice sympathize enterprise minimize cowardice improvise paradise vocalize compromise immobilize hypnotize immunize merchandise pasteurize

66 Thursday Question of the Day In what ways might you feel fortunate living in an ancient Aztec or Mayan family? Explain.

67 Today we will learn about: Online Directories Reading Across Texts Fluency: Partner Reading Grammar: Quotations and Quotation Marks Spelling: Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize Social Studies: Create an Ad

68 “The Maya” Turn to Page

69 Fluency Partner Reading

70 Fluency: Partner Reading Turn to page 736, paragraphs 1-2. Read this three times with a partner. Be sure to read with proper emphasis and expression and offer each other feedback.

71 Grammar Quotations and Quotation Marks

72 we buyed a bracelet with that copper coins We bought a bracelet with those copper coins. would you advertize in the aztec news Would you advertise in the Aztec News?

73 Quotations and Quotation Marks A direct quotation gives a speaker’s exact words and is enclosed in quotation marks (“ “). Words that tell who is speaking, whether they introduce, interrupt, or follow the quotation, are set off by punctuation.

74 Quotations and Quotation Marks In an indirect quotation, the speaker’s words are restated. Because the words are not exactly as the speaker said them, they are not enclosed in quotation marks.

75 Quotations and Quotation Marks Test Tip: A direct quotation within a direct quotation is set off by single quotation marks. Example: My teacher said, “Patrick Henry believed so strongly in the cause of freedom that he said, ‘Give me liberty, or give me death!’”

76 Quotations and Quotation Marks Indirect quotations within direct quotations do not have quotation marks. Example: My teacher said, “Patrick Henry believed so strongly in the cause of freedom that he declared he would prefer dying to living without liberty.”

77 Spelling Words Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize

78 memorize advertise service realize justice exercise recognize organize civilize apprentice supervise sacrifice sympathize enterprise minimize cowardice improvise paradise vocalize compromise immobilize hypnotize immunize merchandise pasteurize

79 Friday Question of the Day Must cultural differences lead to conflict?

80 Today we will learn about: Build Concept Vocabulary Draw Conclusions Tone Context Clues Grammar: Quotation and Quotation Marks Spelling: Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize Online Newspaper Culture

81 Draw Conclusions When you draw a conclusion, you form a reasonable opinion about something you have read. Evaluate whether your conclusions are valid. Ask yourself: Do the facts and details in the text support my conclusion? Is my conclusion valid, based on logical thinking and common sense?

82 Tone The tone of a piece of writing reflects the author’s attitude toward the subject or toward the audience. Tone provides emotional meaning to writing. It reveals how a write views his or her subject. The tone can be revealed through style, imagery, irony, and metaphor.

83 Tone Tone and mood are frequently confused. Mood is the atmosphere or feeling of the piece of writing. Tone is the writer’s attitude toward the piece. The two can work against each other to create a contrast.

84 Dictionary/Glossary If the words and sentences around a multiple-meaning word do not give clues to its meaning, they you need to use a dictionary or glossary. Complete the chart, using a dictionary to learn definitions for the words in italics. Write sentences using both definitions of each word.

85 Dictionary/Glossary Word in Context Definition 1Definition 2Most Appropriate “…they saw row after row of our warriors…” “…payments are sent to our great ruler…” “…where the temple stands”

86 Online Newspaper Where might you find information about a recent national news event? An online newspaper presents the same information as a traditional newspaper but requires different search techniques.

87 Online Newspaper Sections are different parts of a newspaper that are devoted to a certain subject, such as world news, local news, entertainment, and sports. An index is like a table of contents that tells what’s in the paper and where to find it. It is usually found in a box on the first page.

88 Online Newspaper Headlines are headings that act like chapter titles, telling readers what the article below is about. Captions are written explanations of what is in a photograph or illustration. Links allows users of online newspapers to move from section to section.

89

90 Grammar Quotations and Quotation Marks

91 “was the aztec culture a civalized culture? I asked “Was the Aztec culture a civilized culture?” I asked. the jaguars was aztec was heros The Jaguars were Aztec war heroes.

92 Quotations and Quotation Marks A direct quotation gives a speaker’s exact words and is enclosed in quotation marks (“ “). Words that tell who is speaking, whether they introduce, interrupt, or follow the quotation, are set off by punctuation.

93 Quotations and Quotation Marks In an indirect quotation, the speaker’s words are restated. Because the words are not exactly as the speaker said them, they are not enclosed in quotation marks.

94 Spelling Words Word Endings –ice, -ise, -ize

95 memorize advertise service realize justice exercise recognize organize civilize apprentice supervise sacrifice sympathize enterprise minimize cowardice improvise paradise vocalize compromise immobilize hypnotize immunize merchandise pasteurize

96 Story test Classroom webpage, Reading Test AR Other Reading Quizzes Quiz #


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