Presentation on theme: "Word Stress Chapter three. Stress and meaning The way a word is stressed can affect its meaning. Compound words: -A compound word combines two words into."— Presentation transcript:
Word Stress Chapter three
Stress and meaning The way a word is stressed can affect its meaning. Compound words: -A compound word combines two words into one and creates its own meaning. -A compound word may be written as one word or as two. -The first word is spoken with primary stress, and the second with secondary stress. -Bus stop freeway newspaper coffee shop
Airport drawback credit card Drive in outcome paperwork Handshake passport parking lot In the greenhouse. In the green house. Yes, I was homesick Yes, I was home sick. I took the paperback I took the paper back. No, I saw a bus stop No, I saw a bus stop. I had my hair cut last month, so I need another haircut.
Two-part verbs In two-part verbs the second word is stressed. Workout- I had a good workout today. Work out- I work out at the spa. Layoff- The company is planning a layoff. Lay off- How many employees did they lay off? Backup- Is there a backup copy of the letter? Back up- I back up all my computer files.
Prefixes and suffixes Most prefixes are unstressed. When the prefix is stressed, it is often a noun; when the prefix is unstressed it is often a verb. Noun verb Object object Present present record – That’s a good record. please record the lecture. Conduct- they were rewarded with good conduct. they will conduct a workshop. Content: what is the content of the letter? we were content with the outcome.
Suffixes and word stress Suffixes change verb tenses and word structure. -able This suffix forms adjectives, and it doesn’t affect the stress. Dispose-disposable manage-manageable Excuse- excusable predict-predictable Market- marketable.
-ity, -ility These suffixes form nouns. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Serene- serenity mature-maturity Secure-security sincere-sincerity Capable- capability possible-possibility
-ive, itive These suffixes form adjectives. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Impress- impressive permit-permissive Descibe-descriptive Compete-competitive declare-declarative Repeat-repetitive
-ion, sion, tion These suffixes form nouns. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Rebel- rebellion convert-conversion Collide- collision divide-division Decide-decision revise- revision
-ify This suffix forms verbs. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Class- classify simple-simplify Beautify – certify – qualify – justify
-ize This suffix forms verbs. It does not affect primary stress. Real-realize sanitary-sanitize Social- socialize -al This suffix forms adjectives. It doesn’t affect primary stress. Comic-comical critic-critical logic-logical
-ly, -ally These suffixes form adverbs. They don’t affect primary stress: Basic-basically critic-critically thorough-thoroughly. Practical-practically actual-actually Casual- casually total-totally
-ian, cian These suffixes form nouns. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix: Comedy-comedian Canada- Canadian Library-librarian Music- musician clinic-clinician Electric-electrician
Proper names, titles, times 1- The last word in a proper name or title is given primary stress. Mahatma Gandhi Martin Luther King The president of the United States Columbia university The College of Law Exception: name of streets. The stress is placed on the word before street. Main Street second street twenty first street
2- Abbreviation: the last letter receives primary stress. CD DVD ATM USA ID HDTV ASAP UK 3- Times and dates: the final word is given primary stress: Ten to five 12:00 o’clock 1:30 p.m. Wednesday the 20 th Friday, October 15, 2004