Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Word Stress Chapter three.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Word Stress Chapter three."— Presentation transcript:

1 Word Stress Chapter three

2 Stress and meaning The way a word is stressed can affect its meaning.
Compound words: -A compound word combines two words into one and creates its own meaning. A compound word may be written as one word or as two. The first word is spoken with primary stress, and the second with secondary stress. Bus stop freeway newspaper coffee shop

3 Airport drawback credit card Drive in outcome paperwork Handshake passport parking lot In the greenhouse. In the green house. Yes, I was homesick Yes, I was home sick. I took the paperback I took the paper back. No, I saw a bus stop No, I saw a bus stop. I had my hair cut last month, so I need another haircut.

4 Two-part verbs In two-part verbs the second word is stressed.
Workout- I had a good workout today. Work out- I work out at the spa. Layoff- The company is planning a layoff. Lay off- How many employees did they lay off? Backup- Is there a backup copy of the letter? Back up- I back up all my computer files.

5 Prefixes and suffixes record – That’s a good record.
Most prefixes are unstressed. When the prefix is stressed, it is often a noun; when the prefix is unstressed it is often a verb. Noun verb Object object Present present record – That’s a good record. please record the lecture. Conduct- they were rewarded with good conduct. they will conduct a workshop. Content: what is the content of the letter? we were content with the outcome.

6 Suffixes and word stress
Suffixes change verb tenses and word structure. able This suffix forms adjectives, and it doesn’t affect the stress. Dispose-disposable manage-manageable Excuse- excusable predict-predictable Market- marketable.

7 -ity, -ility These suffixes form nouns
-ity, -ility These suffixes form nouns. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Serene- serenity mature-maturity Secure-security sincere-sincerity Capable- capability possible-possibility

8 -ive, itive These suffixes form adjectives
-ive, itive These suffixes form adjectives. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Impress- impressive permit-permissive Descibe-descriptive Compete-competitive declare-declarative Repeat-repetitive

9 -ion, sion, tion These suffixes form nouns
-ion, sion, tion These suffixes form nouns. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Rebel- rebellion convert-conversion Collide- collision divide-division Decide-decision revise- revision

10 ify This suffix forms verbs. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Class- classify simple-simplify Beautify – certify – qualify – justify

11 -ize This suffix forms verbs. It does not affect primary stress. Real-realize sanitary-sanitize Social- socialize -al This suffix forms adjectives. It doesn’t affect primary stress. Comic-comical critic-critical logic-logical

12 -ly, -ally These suffixes form adverbs
-ly, -ally These suffixes form adverbs. They don’t affect primary stress: Basic-basically critic-critically thorough-thoroughly. Practical-practically actual-actually Casual- casually total-totally

13 -ian, cian These suffixes form nouns
-ian, cian These suffixes form nouns. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix: Comedy-comedian Canada- Canadian Library-librarian Music- musician clinic-clinician Electric-electrician

14 Proper names, titles, times
1- The last word in a proper name or title is given primary stress. Mahatma Gandhi Martin Luther King The president of the United States Columbia university The College of Law Exception: name of streets. The stress is placed on the word before street. Main Street second street twenty first street

15 2- Abbreviation: the last letter receives primary stress
2- Abbreviation: the last letter receives primary stress. CD DVD ATM USA ID HDTV ASAP UK 3- Times and dates: the final word is given primary stress: Ten to five 12:00 o’clock 1:30 p.m. Wednesday the 20th Friday, October 15, 2004

16 THANK YOU


Download ppt "Word Stress Chapter three."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google