2Stress and meaning The way a word is stressed can affect its meaning. Compound words:-A compound word combines two words into one and creates its own meaning.A compound word may be written as one word or as two.The first word is spoken with primary stress, and the second with secondary stress.Bus stop freeway newspaper coffee shop
3Airport drawback credit card Drive in outcome paperwork Handshake passport parking lot In the greenhouse. In the green house. Yes, I was homesick Yes, I was home sick. I took the paperback I took the paper back. No, I saw a bus stop No, I saw a bus stop. I had my hair cut last month, so I need another haircut.
4Two-part verbs In two-part verbs the second word is stressed. Workout- I had a good workout today.Work out- I work out at the spa.Layoff- The company is planning a layoff.Lay off- How many employees did they lay off?Backup- Is there a backup copy of the letter?Back up- I back up all my computer files.
5Prefixes and suffixes record – That’s a good record. Most prefixes are unstressed.When the prefix is stressed, it is often a noun; when the prefix is unstressed it is often a verb.Noun verbObject objectPresent presentrecord – That’s a good record.please record the lecture.Conduct- they were rewarded with good conduct.they will conduct a workshop.Content: what is the content of the letter?we were content with the outcome.
6Suffixes and word stress Suffixes change verb tenses and word structure.ableThis suffix forms adjectives, and it doesn’t affect the stress.Dispose-disposable manage-manageableExcuse- excusable predict-predictableMarket- marketable.
7-ity, -ility These suffixes form nouns -ity, -ility These suffixes form nouns. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Serene- serenity mature-maturity Secure-security sincere-sincerity Capable- capability possible-possibility
8-ive, itive These suffixes form adjectives -ive, itive These suffixes form adjectives. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Impress- impressive permit-permissive Descibe-descriptive Compete-competitive declare-declarative Repeat-repetitive
9-ion, sion, tion These suffixes form nouns -ion, sion, tion These suffixes form nouns. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix. Rebel- rebellion convert-conversion Collide- collision divide-division Decide-decision revise- revision
10ifyThis suffix forms verbs. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix.Class- classify simple-simplifyBeautify – certify – qualify – justify
11-izeThis suffix forms verbs. It does not affect primary stress.Real-realize sanitary-sanitizeSocial- socialize-alThis suffix forms adjectives. It doesn’t affect primary stress.Comic-comical critic-critical logic-logical
12-ly, -ally These suffixes form adverbs -ly, -ally These suffixes form adverbs. They don’t affect primary stress: Basic-basically critic-critically thorough-thoroughly. Practical-practically actual-actually Casual- casually total-totally
13-ian, cian These suffixes form nouns -ian, cian These suffixes form nouns. The stress is placed on the syllable before the suffix: Comedy-comedian Canada- Canadian Library-librarian Music- musician clinic-clinician Electric-electrician
14Proper names, titles, times 1- The last word in a proper name or title is given primary stress. Mahatma Gandhi Martin Luther King The president of the United States Columbia university The College of Law Exception: name of streets. The stress is placed on the word before street. Main Street second street twenty first street
152- Abbreviation: the last letter receives primary stress 2- Abbreviation: the last letter receives primary stress. CD DVD ATM USA ID HDTV ASAP UK 3- Times and dates: the final word is given primary stress: Ten to five 12:00 o’clock 1:30 p.m. Wednesday the 20th Friday, October 15, 2004