Presentation on theme: "Making Generalizations"— Presentation transcript:
1Making Generalizations And no, it has nothing to do with GENERALS…Ms. Walsh
2What is a generalization? A generalization is a broad statement about what a group of people or things have in common.For example, using what you know and have observed, you could generalize by saying: “Most people in the United States greet each other with a handshake.”
3There are “Good” and “Bad” Generalizations…. You could say:“Most people in the United States greet each other with a handshake.” That’s because generally, speaking…that is the customary greeting in America and it is supported by fact.You should NOT say: “All people in the United States greet each other with a handshake.” Saying “ALL” means everybody and that is unlikely to be true.You should NOT say: “Most people in the world greet each other with a handshake.” People from all over the world greet each other in different ways sothis statement wouldn’t be true.
4“Clue words” to help find generalizations: AllAlwaysNeverMostManySometimesGenerally
5Be careful…Be careful when using the words “ALL”, “NO”, “NONE”, “EVERYONE”, “NOBODY”, “ALWAYS”, “NEVER” etc.These are clue words that generally show “bad generalizations.” Always and never are very strong words.“I always do my chores” gives no room for error. Instead, say: “Most of the time, I do my chores.”
6Safe or Valid Generalizations: Valid means true.Supported by factsUses logic and reasoningProven with several examples
7Faulty Generalizations Faulty means false.Not supported by factsWatch for the key words: none, all, always, never, everyone, nobodyJust one exception can prove a generalization false.
8Chocolate is everyone’s favorite dessert. What is wrong with this generalization?How could you make it a valid generalization?
9Good or Bad Generalization? High school students love sports and movies.Teenagers always dress in sloppy, baggy clothes.Children in large families don’t get enough attention from their parents.Russians hate America and French citizens are rude.Many people love tacos!
10Remember: Generalizations make broad statements about a something. Some are valid, others are faulty.Valid generalizations are supported by facts, examples, and logical thinking.Watch out for words like all or never.
11Your turn…1. Everyone stand up Everyone sit down. In order to get the whole class to stand up, the teacher doesn’t have to call each person’s name. She uses a “general statement” like “Everybody stand up.”1. All the girls stand up.2. Two boys stand up.“Most of the people standing are girls.” This is an easier way than saying “All the people standing are girls except for a couple that are boys.”….Saying “most” makes the statement a generalization.
12Your Turn…On a piece of white-lined paper, work with a partner to come up with two “bad” or faulty generalizations and two “good” or valid generalizations.