Presentation on theme: "8.2 Photosynthesis An Overview. Chlorophyll & Chloroplasts The wavelengths of the visible spectrum are different colors: red, yellow, green, blue, indigo,"— Presentation transcript:
8.2 Photosynthesis An Overview
Chlorophyll & Chloroplasts The wavelengths of the visible spectrum are different colors: red, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet. Photosynthetic organisms capture energy from sunlight with pigments Chlorophyll reflects green light In the fall, as temperatures drop, chlorophyll molecules break down, making the leaves different colors.
Chloroplasts contain thylakoids. They are arranged in stacks called grana. The liquid part is called stroma. Chlorophyll absorbs visible light very well. A lot of that light energy is transferred to electrons. These electrons make photosynthesis work.
High Energy Electrons Electron carrier-compound that can accept a pair of high-energy electrons & transfer them along with most of their energy to another molecule. 1 electron carrier molecule is NADP+. This accepts & holds 2 high-energy electrons & a Hydrogen ion (H+). The NADP+ is converted to NADPH. NADPH carries electrons to other molecules in the body.
Photosynthesis Uses the energy of sunlight to convert water & carbon dioxide (reactants) into high-energy sugars & oxygen (products) In symbols: 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 In words: carbon dioxide + water sugars + oxygen