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Plant Review. 1.Plants are a.Producers b.Consumers c.Herbivores d.Omnivores.

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Presentation on theme: "Plant Review. 1.Plants are a.Producers b.Consumers c.Herbivores d.Omnivores."— Presentation transcript:

1 Plant Review

2 1.Plants are a.Producers b.Consumers c.Herbivores d.Omnivores

3 2. What is the original source of almost all the energy in most ecosystems? a.Carbohydrates b.Sunlight c.Water d.carbon

4 3. An organism that uses energy to produce its own food supply from organic compounds is called a(an) a.Heterotroph b.Consumer c.Detritivore d.Autotroph

5 4. Corn planted in a field that has been previously planted with legumes and then plowed under is likely to be a.Less productive because legumes remove phosphorus from the soil. b.More productive because bacteria living on the roots of legumes fix nitrogen in the soil. c.More productive because nitrogen fixing bacteria help to keep away pests. d.Less productive because the legumes have already taken all the nitrogen, carbon and phosphorus from the soil.

6 5. The repeated movement of water between the Earth’s surface and the atmosphere is called a.The water cycle b.The condensation cycle c.Precipitation d.evaporation

7 6. Which of the following is not recycled in the biosphere. a.Water b.Nitrogen c.Carbon d.Energy

8 7. What is the process by which bacteria convert nitrogen gas in the air to ammonia? a.Nitrogen fixation b.Excretion c.Decomposition d.Denitrification

9 8. Carbon cycles through the biosphere in all of the following processes except a.Photosynthesis b.Transpiration c.Burning fossil fuels d.Decomposition of plants and animals

10 9. Which of the following has a direct role in the nitrogen cycle? a.Bacteria b.Legumes c.Decomposers d.All of the above

11 10. Energy is released from ATP when a.A phosphate group is added b.Adenine bonds to ribose c.ATP is exposed to sunlight d.A phosphate group is removed

12 11. A student is collecting the gas given off from a plant in bright sunlight at a temperature of 27⁰C. The gas being collected is probably a.Oxygen b.Carbon dioxide c.ATP d.Vaporized water

13 12. Photosynthesis uses sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into a.Oxygen b.High energy sugars and starches c.ATP and oxygen d.Oxygen and high energy sugars and starches

14 13. Plants gather the sun’s energy with light- absorbing molecules called a.Pigments b.Thylakoids c.Chloroplasts d.Glucose

15 14. Most plants appear green because chlorophyll a.Does not absorb green light b.Reflects violet light c.Absorbs green light d.None of the above

16 15. A granum is a a.Stack of chloroplasts b.Stack of thylakoids c.Membrane enclosing a thylakoid d.Photosynthetic pigments molecule

17 16. The stroma is the region outside the a.Thylakoids b.Chloroplasts c.Plant cells d.All of the above

18 17. Where in the chloroplast is chlorophyll found? a.In the stroma b.In the thylakoid c.In the ATP d.In the glucose

19 18. Where do the light-dependent reactions take place? a.In the stroma b.In the mitochondria c.Within the thylakoid membranes d.Only in the chlorophyll molecules

20 19. What are the produces of the light- dependent reactions? a.Oxygen gas b.ATP c.NADPH d.All of the above

21 20. Which of the following is not a step in the light- dependent reactions? a.High energy electrons move through the electron transport chain. b.Pigments in the thylakoid absorb light. c.AT synthase allows H+ ions to pass through the thylakoid membrane. d.ATP and NADPH are used to produce high energy sugars.

22 21. Why does the inside of the thylakoid membrane become positively charged during the light- dependent reactions? a.H+ ions are released as water splits. b.ATP synthase allows H+ ions to pass through the membrane c.ATP synthase produces ATP from ADP. d.Carbon dioxide builds up in the stroma.

23 22. The Calvin Cycle is another name for a.light-independent reactions b.Light-dependent reactions. c.Photosynthesis d.All of the above

24 23. What is a product of the Calvin cycle? a.Oxygen gas b.ATP c.High-energy sugars d.Carbon dioxide gas

25 24. How does the Calvin cycle differ from the light-dependent reactions? a.It takes place in the stroma b.It takes place in chloroplasts c.It requires light d.It takes place in the thylakoid

26 25. If carbon dioxide is completely removed from a plant’s environment, what would you expect to happen to the plant’s production of high-energy sugars? a.More sugars will be produced b.No sugars will be produced c.The same number of sugars will be produced by without carbon dioxide d.Carbon dioxide does not affect the production of high-energy sugars in plants.

27 26. Which of the following affects the rate of photosynthesis? a.Water b.Temperature c.Light intensity d.All of the above

28 27. Which of the following is not a characteristic of all plants? a.All are eukaryotic b.All have cell walls c.All produce seeds d.All are multicellular

29 28. Without plants, a.Animals could not live on land. b.There would be no green algae in the oceans. c.Animals could not undergo cellular respiration. d.There would be not carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

30 29. Of all the following locations, you would be most likely to find mosses growing in a.Hot, dry mineral-poor soil b.Sandy soil near a beach. c.Low, shaded ground near a small pond. d.High, exposed ground with direct sun.

31 30. Xylem tissue is important to ferns because it a.Can conduct water over long distances b.Allow water to diffuse into the roots c.Carries carbohydrates to all parts of the plant d.Allows ferns to reproduce in dry environments.

32 31. Which of the following includes a plant embryo, a food supply and a protective covering? Pollen grain Spore Seed gametophyte

33 32. The responses of plants to external stimuli are called A.Tropisms B.Auxins C.Gibberillins D.Cytokinins

34 33. The growth patterns of ivy tendrils that wrap around objects is an example of a.Gravitropism b.Phototropism c.Thigmotropism d.Photoperiodism

35 34.The brilliant colors of leaves in the fall are a result of a.New synthesis of orange and yellow pigments in the leaves. b.The movement of chlorophyll from the stems to the leaves. c.The stopping of chlorophyll synthesis, making the carotenes (orange) and the xanthophyll (yellow) pigments visible. d.The decrease of auxins in the meristems and the increase of phytochrome in the leaves.

36 35. Plants are classified based on which of the following characteristics? a.Color and shape b.Type of pigments and photosynthesis stages it goes through c.Type and time of growth d.Vascular tissue and type of seed production

37 36. Which of the following is a way that humans are disrupting the important nutrient cycles? a.Pollution b.Combustion of fossil fuels c.Overpopulation d.All of the above

38 37. Which of the following is a correct match up to the element and its function in the plant? a.Potassium – cell walls b.Phosphorus – ATP c.Sulfur – cell membranes d.Nitrogen – stoma opening

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