Presentation on theme: "Do Now 1) How does the mitochondrion use ATP? How does it use ADP?"— Presentation transcript:
1Do Now 1) How does the mitochondrion use ATP? How does it use ADP? 2) How does the mitochondrion get the energy it needs to form ATP from ADP?3) Explain the relationship between the mitochondrion and the chloroplast.
3Do NowTransport review…transport practice problem set
4Who uses photosynthesis? AUTOTROPHS!Plants and organisms that can make their own food
5What is Photosynthesis? The process by which plants make food. This process takes place in the CHLOROPLAST (mostly found in the leaves).Autotrophs use energy from sunlight to make sugar (GLOCOSE)Cellular Respiration uses the glucose and converts it into ATP, which cells use for energy
6Where does Photosynthesis take place? In the Chloroplast
8Why are plants green? Because of CHLOROPHYLL! Chlorophyll is pigments located in the chloroplastPlants are green because the green wavelength is reflected, not absorbed.
9Absorption of Light by Chlorophyll Chlorophyll absorbs blue-violet & red light bestviolet blue green yellow orange redAbsorptionwavelength
10When does Photosynthesis take place? When autotrophs are able to capture sunlight energy and produce usable energySo, mostly during daylight hours
11Why does Photosynthesis take place? To convert unusable (light) energy to usable energyIn other words, turning SUNLIGHT (unusable) into GLUCOSE (usable)!
12What is the Equation for Photosynthesis? 6CO2 + 6H20 + sunlight → C6H12O6 + 6O2(Carbon Dioxide + Water+ Sunlight Glucose + Oxygen)
13What are the Reactants of Photosynthesis? Carbon Dioxide, Water and Sunlight
14What are the Products of Photosynthesis? Sugar and oxygen
15What Factors affect the rate of Photosynthesis? Light intensityCarbon Dioxide concentrationTemperature
16What is the efficiency of ATP formation? Photosynthesis uses ATP to produce sugars (glucose)
17Why is this important to us? We cannot make our own food (glucose, energy), we must get our food from plants.Plants are the first step in the food chain.
18Why is this important to us? The oxygen released during photosynthesis is necessary for all living things.
19EOC Question!10.The diagram below shows the relationship between photosynthesis and cellular respiration and the organelles in which they occur. Which statement describes how photosynthesis and cellular respiration are interrelated?
20IP: Students will answer the following question: With the increase in carbon dioxide emissions from factories and cars. How would this affect the rate of photosynthesis in plants? …What if the plants do not have enough stomata to absorb the increased carbon dioxide?
21A. Oxygen is produced during cellular respiration and stored during photosynthesis. B. Carbon dioxide and water released by cellular respiration are used in photosynthesis.C. Photosynthesis releases the energy that is stored during the process of cellular respiration.D. Glucose is used during cellular respiration to produce food that is broken down during photosynthesis.
23Who uses Cellular Respiration? BOTH autotrophs and heterotrophs
24What is Cellular Respiration The transfer of energy from various molecules (oxygen and glucose) to produce ATP.The process by which both plants and animals release energy from food (sugar) to make energy cells can use.
25Where does Cellular Respiration take place? In the mitochondria of eukaryotesIn the cytoplasm of prokaryotes.
26When does Cellular Respiration take place? 24 hours a day
27Why does Cellular Respiration take place? To convert sugars to ATP (form of energy in which it is most easily broken down)
28What is the Equation for Cellular Respiration? C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H20(Sugar + Oxygen Carbon Dioxide + Water+ATP)
29What are the Reactants for Cellular Respiration? Sugars and oxygen
30What are the Products for Cellular Respiration? Carbon dioxide, water and ATP
31What are the factors that affect the rate of Cellular Respiration? Oxygen concentrationTemperature
32What is the efficiency of ATP formation? For each glucose molecule:AEROBOIC: 36 ATPsWITH OXYGENANAEROBIC: 2 ATPsWITHOUT OXYGEN(We are going to talk more about Aerobic vs. Anaerobic tomorrow!)
34Check Point What is ATP? What is chlorophyll? What are chloroplasts? What are mitochondria? What is cytoplasm?What are eukaryotes? What are prokaryotes?
35Photosynthesis vs. Cellular Respiration Foldable Directions:Everyone has 2 sheets of paperStack the 2 sheets 1 inch apartFold hamburger styleLeft hand side: PhotosynthesisRight hand side: Cellular RespirationFlap 1: WHEREFlap 2: INGREDIENTSFlap 3: EQUATION
37What is Photosynthesis? The process by which plants make food. This process takes place in the CHLOROPLAST (mostly found in the leaves).AUTOTROPHS only!What is Cellular Respiration?The process by which both PLANTS and ANIMALS release energy from food. This process takes place in the cells MITOCHONDRIA.Autotrophs AND HeterotrophsWhere does photosynthesis take place?When does photosynthesis take place?(PICTURE)Where does the energy come from?Where does respiration take place?When does respiration take place?
40Exit Ticket Where does photosynthesis take place in a cell? Where does cellular respiration take place in a cell?What organisms can carry out cellular respiration?What is the equation for photosynthesis?What is the equation for respiration?