Presentation on theme: "Photosynthesis What raw materials are needed for photosynthesis?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Photosynthesis What raw materials are needed for photosynthesis? Carbon dioxide (CO2)and Water (H2O) and sunlight
2 Photosynthesis What are the products of photosynthesis? Sugar (Glucose) and Oxygen (O2)
3 Photosynthesis What happens during photosynthesis? A. The cell uses oxygen to make food.B. The cell uses the energy in sunlight to make food.C. The cell uses glucose to make oxygen.D. The cell uses the energy in sunlight to make carbon dioxide.B. The cell uses the energy in sunlight to make food.
4 Photosynthesis How does photosynthesis benefit heterotrophs? A. It adds carbon dioxide to the air.B. It creates food that they can eat.C. It eliminates harmful sugars.D. It creates clean waters.B. It creates food that they can eat.
5 PhotosynthesisWhat captures energy from sunlight during photosynthesis?A. solar cellsB. stomataC. chlorophyllD. carbohydratesC. chlorophyll
6 PhotosynthesisThe organelle in which photosynthesis takes place is theA. mitochondrionB. chloroplastC. chlorophyllD. nucleusB. chloroplast
7 Photosynthesis Fill in the blank. The process by which a cell captures the energy in sunlight and uses it to make food is called _________________.Photosynthesis
8 Photosynthesis Fill in the blank. ________________ are colored chemical compounds that absorb light.Pigments
9 Photosynthesis Chlorophyll The main pigment found in chloroplast of plants is ________________.Chlorophyll
10 Photosynthesis Stomata ________________ are small openings on the undersides of leaves through which carbon dioxide enters a plant.Stomata
11 PhotosynthesisAn organism that makes its own food is a(n) ________________.Autotroph
12 PhotosynthesisA(n) ________________ is an organism that cannot make its own food.Heterotroph
14 Respiration Complete the equation for cellular respiration Oxygen + ________ Carbon dioxide + ________Glucose (sugar),Water (H20)
15 Respiration Respiration occurs in what organelle in the animal cell? Mitochondria
16 Respiration What happens during cellular respiration? a. oxygen is released into the airb. glucose is broken down, releasing energyc. carbohydrates are released into the bloodstreamd. water and carbon dioxide are changed into other compoundsb. glucose is broken down, releasing energy
17 RespirationWhich of the following statements is true about photosynthesis and cellular respiration?a. they have opposite equationsb. they have the same equationsc. they both produce carbon dioxided. they both produce oxygenE.a. they have opposite equations
18 Respiration Glucose is broken down during respiration which releases energy
19 Respiration Which process is represented by this equation? Oxygen + Glucose -Carbon dioxide + waterRespiration
20 If you separated one cell and put all alone, locked up with food so nothing could be in or out, in a few days you could have millions! Where did these cells come from?
21 List 3 things that are considered alive by The Cell Theory.
22 According to The Cell Theory, a very large animal such as a whale is made up of small things that are the basic unit of structure and function in that animal. What is the basic unit of structure and function in living things called?
23 DNA replication occurs during a. Prophaseb. cytokinesisc. Metaphased. Interphase
24 What is a type of nucleic acid that plays an important role in the production of proteins?
25 DNA replication occurs during a. Prophaseb. cytokinesisc. Metaphased. Interphase
26 What is a substance that cannot be broken down into simpler substances?
27 What is made when two or more elements join together?
28 What are the molecules that are the building blocks of DNA?
29 What is made when two or more elements join together?
30 What is a compound that does not contain carbon?
31 Fill in the blanksPhotosynthesis occurs in the organelle called the (1)__________, which is found in (2)_________ cells.
32 What occurs during photosynthesis? The cell uses oxygen to make foodThe cell uses the energy in sunlight to make foodThe cell uses glucose to make oxygenThe cell uses the energy in sunlight to make carbon dioxide
33 In what organelle does cellular respiration take place? MitochondriaLysosomeRibosomeChloroplast
34 Where does the first stage of respiration take place? cytoplasmendoplasmic reticulumribosomeLysosomes
35 What are the two types of fermentation? respiration and alcoholiclactic-acid and respirationalcoholic and lactic-acidrespiration and oxygen
36 Respiration occurs in what organelle in the animal cell?
37 Photosynthesis happens in which organism? MitochondriaChloroplastDogTree
38 Which of the following statements is true about photosynthesis and cellular respiration? a. they have opposite equationsb. they have the same equationsb. they both produce carbon dioxided. they both produce oxygen
39 What are the two types of fermentation? respiration and alcoholiclactic-acid and respirationalcoholic and lactic-acidrespiration and oxygen
40 What is the purpose of cellular respiration? To capture sunlight energy and make sugarsTo get energy out of oxygenTo convert water into sugarsTo release the energy from carbohydrates
41 What are the raw materials needed for photosynthesis? Carbon dioxide and waterOxygen and waterCarbon dioxide and sugarsOxygen and sugars
42 What part of the cell captures energy from sunlight during photosynthesis? Solar cellsStomataChlorophyll and other pigmentsCarbohydrates
43 In most cells respiration needs wateroxygencarbon dioxidepigments
44 Where does the second stage of respiration take place? cytoplasmmitochondrionendoplasmic reticulumribosomes