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End Show Slide 1 of 28 8-2 Photosynthesis: An Overview.

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Presentation on theme: "End Show Slide 1 of 28 8-2 Photosynthesis: An Overview."— Presentation transcript:

1 End Show Slide 1 of Photosynthesis: An Overview

2 End Show Slide 2 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Photosynthesis is the process in which green plants use the energy of sunlight to convert water and carbon dioxide into high-energy carbohydrates and oxygen.

3 End Show Slide 3 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The Photosynthesis Equation What is the overall equation for photosynthesis?

4 End Show Slide 4 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The Photosynthesis Equation The equation for photosynthesis is: 6CO 2 + 6H 2 O C 6 H 12 O 6 + 6O 2 carbon dioxide + water sugars + oxygen Light

5 End Show Slide 5 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall The Photosynthesis Equation O2O2 CO 2 + H 2 0 Sugar ADP NADP + Light-Dependent Reactions (thylakoids) H2OH2O ATP NADPH Calvin Cycle (stroma) Light energy

6 End Show Slide 6 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Light and Pigments What is the role of light and chlorophyll in photosynthesis?

7 End Show Slide 7 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Light and Pigments How do plants capture the energy of sunlight? In addition to water and carbon dioxide, photosynthesis requires light and chlorophyll.

8 End Show Slide 8 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Light and Pigments Plants gather the sun's energy with light-absorbing molecules called pigments. The main pigment in plants is chlorophyll. There are two main types of chlorophyll: chlorophyll a chlorophyll b

9 End Show Slide 9 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Chlorophyll absorbs light well in the blue-violet and red regions of the visible spectrum. Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Light and Pigments Wavelength (nm) Estimated Absorption (%) Chlorophyll b Chlorophyll a Wavelength (nm)

10 End Show Slide 10 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Light and Pigments Chlorophyll does not absorb light within the green region of the spectrum.

11 End Show Slide 11 of Photosynthesis: An Overview Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall Light and Pigments When chlorophyll absorbs light, much of the energy is transferred directly to electrons in the chlorophyll molecule. These high-energy electrons are what make photosynthesis work.

12 End Show - or - Continue to: Click to Launch: Slide 12 of 28 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 8-2

13 End Show Slide 13 of 28 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 8-2 In van Helmont's experiment, most of the added mass of the tree came from a.soil and carbon dioxide. b.water and carbon dioxide. c.oxygen and carbon dioxide. d.soil and oxygen.

14 End Show Slide 14 of 28 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 8-2 Plants use the sugars produced in photosynthesis to make a.oxygen. b.starches. c.carbon dioxide. d.protein.

15 End Show Slide 15 of 28 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 8-2 The raw materials required for plants to carry out photosynthesis are a.carbon dioxide and oxygen. b.oxygen and sugars. c.carbon dioxide and water. d.oxygen and water.

16 End Show Slide 16 of 28 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 8-2 The principal pigment in plants is a.chloroplast. b.chlorophyll. c.carotene. d.carbohydrate.

17 End Show Slide 17 of 28 Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall 8-2 The colors of light that are absorbed by chlorophylls are a.green and yellow. b.green, blue, and violet. c.blue, violet, and red. d.red and yellow.

18 END OF SECTION


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