1.________________________: All protist have ______________ a. Some have _________________________________ 2.________________________: Made up of one cell a. _________________ and some __________ are exceptions 3.________________________: Many are able to move a._______________________: tail-like whip b._______________________: hair-like structures c._______________________ : “false feet” 4.________________________: a.____________________ b.____________________ c.____________________ EUKARYOTICA NUCLEUS MORE THAN ONE NUCLEUS UNICELLULAR KELP ALGAE MEANS OF LOCOMOTION FLAGELLA CILIA PSEUDOPODS CLASSIFIED BY NICHE PRODUCER CONSUMER DECOMPOSER ___________ NUCLEUS FLAGELLA___________ __________ _____________________ CILIA PSEUDOPOD
1.__________________________: CONSUMERS a. Also known as ___________________ 2.__________________________: PRODUCERS 3.__________________________: DECOMPOSERS FirstAnimal
1.Name the three main groups within the kingdom Protista. What characteristics distinguish each group from the other two? 2. Give two reasons why protists are hard to classify. 3. What observable traits might green algae and plants share that support the molecular evidence that these two groups are closely related? 4.At one time, scientists grouped all single-celled organisms together. What are the main differences between single-celled protists and bacteria or archaea?
1._____________________ number of species in Kingdom Protista 2.Many ___________________ are shared between animal-like protist and animals. The KEY difference is their ___________________________ a.All animals are _____________________ b.All animal-like protist are ________________ 3.___________________-term often used to describe animal-like protist. a.PROTOZOA LARGEST SIMILARITIES BODY ORGANIZATION MULTICELLULAR UNICELLULAR PROTOZOA FIRST ANIMAL ________________ ________________ AMOEBA PARAMECIUMVORTICELLADIDINIUM
1.All are ________________________: a. CAN NOT make their own ____________ 2.Most have methods of ____________________ a._____________________:Long “tail-like” projection b._____________________:Tiny _______________ extensions c._____________________:“________________” * ______________ extension from the main cell CONSUMERS FOOD MOBILITY FLAGELLA CILIAHAIR-LIKE PSEUDOPODS FALSE FEET CYTOPLASMIC
AMOEBA PARAMECIUM TRYPANOSOMEPLASMODIUM _________, __________, and eliminates _________ through PSEUDOPODS. _________ with cilia and sweeps _______ into oral grove with cilia Moves with _______________. Causes _________________ _________________ past on by a fly. ____________ protist that does not have a means of ____________. Classified as a ____________Causes ___________, which is passed on by a __________. MOVES FEEDS WASTES MOVES FOOD ______________ _______________ _________________ ______________ FLAGELLUM AFRICAN SLEEPING ILLNESS PARASITIC LOCOMOTION SPORAZOAN MALARIA MOSQUITO
1.One of two groups of protozoa that ______________________ as they move. 2.Pseudopod: a temporary extension of _____________________ and plasma membrane. Allows amoeba to _____________ and _____________. 3.________________: process of _______________ which amoeba feed 4.Lives in ____________ or _________ water and _____________. 5.Most are ______________. Some are ______________ 6.Can cause ______________________: Severe diarrhea as a result of _____________________ CHANGE SHAPE CYTOPLASM MOVE FEED PHAGOCYTOSIS INGESTION FRESHSALT SOIL FREE LIVING PARASITIC AMOEBIC DYSENTERY UNSANITARY WATER _____________ _______________ PSEUDOPOD NUCLEUS CONTRACTILE VACUOLE FOOD VACUOLE
1.Known as a _________________ in the phylum _________________. a.Cilia: short, hair-like structures that cover some or all of the cell surface and help the organism ___________ and ____________ food. 2.Food is swept into the ________________ and sent to the ________________. 3.Food is digested in ___________________. 4._____________________________ control the amount of _______________ inside the cell. 5.Contains two ____________________: a.________________-controls cell’s structures and activities b.________________-contain all of cells DNA CILIATE CILIOPHORA SWIMCAPTURE ORAL GROVE GULLET FOOD VACUOLE 2 CONTRACTILE VACUOLES WATER NUCLEI MACRONUCLEUS MICRONUCLEUS MACRO NUCLEUS CILIA WATER VACUOLE ORAL GROVE GULLET FOOD VACUOLE
1.Name and describe the three basic means of movement used by animal- like protists? 2. Describe how the parasite Plasmodium causes disease in humans. 3. In what ways are cilia and flagella similar? How do they differ? 4.Why do amoebas form pseudopods only when the need them?
________________ ________________ 1.All producers contain __________________ and can make their own _________________. 2.Serveral differences between plants and plant-like protist: a.All plants are _____________________ b.Animal-like protist can be _____________ or _____________ c.Plants have specialized tissues for _____________________ d.Plant-like protists do not have the same _______________ or __________________________ parts as plants 3.Many “phytoplankton” are a huge ______________________ for most _____________________ animals. 4.Produce __________________ as a bi-product of photosynthesis CHLOROPHYLL FOOD MULTICELLULAR UNICELLULAR ROOTS, STEMS, LEAVES TISSUES THE SAME REPRODUCTIVE FOOD SOURCE ACQUATIC OXYGEN
EUGLENA VOLVOX DIATOM DINOFLAGELLATE FLAGELLA ______________ _______________ _________________ ______________ Known as freshwater algae. Move with a ______________ Photosynthetic protist that has many different __________ and a _________, ____________ outer covering. Single cell protists that live in a _________: a hollow ball with each protist having a ____________ COLONY FLAGELLA SHAPES HARD TWO PART Photosynthetic algae with ________ flagella. Causes “_____________” with over population. TWO RED TIDE
1.One of the ______________ group of single- celled organisms that swim with _______________. 2.Most found in _____________ water. 3.Most are ___________________________ because they contain _________________ to produce their own food. 4.Have an _______________ to help them sense ______________ for __________________ LARGEST FLAGELLUM FRESH AUTOTROPHIC CHLOROPHYLL EYESPOT LIGHTPHOTOSYNTHESIS
FLAGELLA Single-celled plant-like protists that join together to form __________________ in the shape of a _____________________. Inside the parent colony, offspring are formed and known as“______________________” Individual cells have _______________ for mobility. COLONIES HOLLOW BALL DAUGHTER COLONIES DAUGHTER COLONY INDIVIDUAL CELLS FLAGELLUM OF INDIVIDUAL CELLS FLAGELLUM
Plant-like _____________ that are covered with __________________, _____________________. Diatoms produce about ____________ of all the _____________ we breathe. Used in ________________ products. ALGAE A TWO PART GLASS-LIKE SHELL HALF OXYGEN INDUSTRIAL
1.Give and example of each of the following: a single-celled, a colonial, and a multi-cellular plant-like protist. 2. Many plantlike protists, or algae, reproduce sexually when conditions are harsh. Why might this be beneficial for a species? 3. If a multi-cellular organism contains chlorophyll c but no silica, to which phylum does it likely belong? 4.Many biologists argue that the euglenoids should be classified as an animal-like protist rather than a plantlike protist. Explain.
1.Play an important role in the ______________________ as ________________. a.Recycle ________________ and _______________ back into the soil for __________________ use. 2.Difference between fungi and fungus-like protist is that fungus-like protist can __________________ during part of their life cycle while fungi ___________________________. ECOSYSTEM DECOMPOSERS NITROGEN CARBON PLANTS MOVE CAN NOT MOVE
_________________ PROTIST Characteristics of Kingdom Protista: _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _________________________________ __________________________ NICHE: CELL ORGANIZATION: CELL ORGANIZATION: CELL ORGANIZATION: MOBILITY: METHODS OF LOCOMOTION: EXAMPLES: ANIMAL-LIKEPLANT-LIKEFUNGUS-LIKE CONSUMER (HETEROTROPH) PRODUCER (AUTOTROPH) DECOMPOSER (HETEROTROPH) UNICELLULAR UNICELLULAR OR MULTICELLULAR UNICELLULAR FLAGELLA PSEUDOPODS CILIA FLAGELLAPSEUDOPODS FLAGELLA MOST SOME DURING CERTAIN POINTS IN LIFECYCLE ________________ _________________ ________________ _________________ ________________ _______________ _______________ _______________ ______________ _______________ ______________ _______________ EUKARYOTIC UNICELLULAR AMOEBA PARAMECIUMEUGLENA VOLVOX DIATOMSLIME MOLD__________ _____________________________________________________
2. Plant –like protists (Algae). All are producers….contain chlorophyll and can make their own food. Many “phytoplankton” are a huge food source for most aquatic animals flagella chloroplasts Freshwater algae eyespot Reproduction by fission
Salt water algae Also called “brown algae” Photosynthetic protist that has a hard outer covering that looks like ______________________. This material does not decay, and is very useful to other organisms’ diets. This gritty material is used in cleaning products. Shiny glass-like material
Also called multi-cellular brown algae, and can be eaten for food. (Brown seaweed) The only multi-cellular protist Kelp forest off the coast of California in Monterey bay
Photosynthetic algae that are also classified as red or brown algae. Overpopulation can cause _______________ An overproduction of dinoflagellates can cause “pollution” of water. This can effect the quality of water and fish-life in that area. It is cause by a sudden change in water temperature that causes a dramatic increase in dinoflagellate reproduction. “red tide”
Other green algae Live in colonies known for their spiraling chloroplasts and grow to many centimeters long
3. Fungus-like protists Decomposers Grow on decaying material, such as logs and leaves on the forest floor. The Potato Famine in Ireland in 1840’s was caused by Phytophthora infestans, fungus-like protist. * Unlike fungus kingdom because of their cell wall
1.In what ways are slime molds and water molds similar to fungi? 2. Describe how slime molds help other organisms within an ecosystem obtain nutrients. 3. Make a three-column chat comparing plasmodial slime molds, cellular slime molds, and water molds. 4.Why doesn’t spraying water on slime molds work to destroy them?
PROTIST SUMMARY Protists have many different ___________________. Protists can be classified into ______________________, ______________________, and ______________________ phyla. All protists are ______________________ organisms, most of which are _________________________. Most animal-like protists can __________________, but all need to take in __________________. They can reproduce by _________________, _________________, and/or _________________. Some protists are plantlike. They produce _____________________ to make their own ____________________. As a bi-product, they produce _____________________ as well. These protists are considered the primary __________ ______________ for other organisms. Some will have a _________________________ to help them move about. The protists classified as fungus-like protest include _______________________. They are _______________________ and live off of ______________________. TRAITS ANIMAL-LIKE PLANT-LIKEFUNGUS-LIKE EUKARYOTICUNICELLULAR MOVE ABOUT FOOD FISSION CONJUGATIONSPORES CHLOROPHYLL FOOD OXYGEN FOOD SOURCE FLAGELLA