4 CHARACTERISTICS OF KINGDOM PROTISTA ________________________: All protist have ______________a. Some have _________________________________________________________: Made up of one cella. _________________ and some __________ are exceptions________________________: Many are able to move_______________________: tail-like whip_______________________: hair-like structures_______________________ : “false feet”________________________:____________________EUKARYOTICA NUCLEUSMORE THAN ONE NUCLEUSUNICELLULAR___________NUCLEUSKELPALGAEMEANS OF LOCOMOTION___________FLAGELLAFLAGELLACILIAPSEUDOPODS_______________________________CILIACLASSIFIED BY NICHEPRODUCERPSEUDOPODCONSUMERDECOMPOSER
5 3 PHYLA OF PROTIST ANIMAL-LIKE PROTIST Protazoa PLANT-LIKE PROTIST __________________________: CONSUMERSa. Also known as _____________________________________________: PRODUCERS__________________________: DECOMPOSERSProtazoaFirstAnimalPLANT-LIKE PROTISTFUNGUS-LIKE PROTIST
6 SECTION 19.1 REVIEWName the three main groups within the kingdom Protista. What characteristics distinguish each group from the other two?2. Give two reasons why protists are hard to classify.3. What observable traits might green algae and plants share that support the molecular evidence that these two groups are closely related?At one time, scientists grouped all single-celled organisms together. What are the main differences between single-celled protists and bacteria or archaea?
7 ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ ANIMAL-LIKE PROTIST_____________________ number of species in Kingdom ProtistaMany ___________________ are shared between animal-like protist and animals. The KEY difference is their ___________________________All animals are _____________________All animal-like protist are ___________________________________-term often used to describe animal-like protist.PROTOZOALARGESTSIMILARITIESBODY ORGANIZATIONMULTICELLULARUNICELLULARPROTOZOAFIRSTANIMALAMOEBAPARAMECIUMVORTICELLADIDINIUM________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
8 ANIMAL-LIKE PROTIST CONSUMERS All are ________________________: a. CAN NOT make their own ____________Most have methods of _________________________________________:Long “tail-like” projection_____________________:Tiny _______________ extensions_____________________:“________________”* ______________ extension from the main cellFOODMOBILITYFLAGELLACILIAHAIR-LIKEPSEUDOPODSFALSE FEETCYTOPLASMIC
9 AFRICAN SLEEPING ILLNESS 4 EXAMPLES OFANIMAL-LIKE PROTIST______________ _______________ _________________ ______________AMOEBA PARAMECIUM TRYPANOSOME PLASMODIUM_________, __________, and eliminates _________ through PSEUDOPODS.MOVES_________ with cilia and sweeps _______ into oral grove with ciliaMOVESPARASITIC____________ protist that does not have a means of ____________. Classified as a ____________Causes ___________, which is passed on by a __________.Moves with _______________. Causes __________________________________ past on by a fly.FEEDSFLAGELLUMFOODWASTESAFRICAN SLEEPING ILLNESSLOCOMOTIONSPORAZOANMALARIAMOSQUITO
10 AMOEBAOne of two groups of protozoa that ______________________ as they move.Pseudopod: a temporary extension of _____________________ and plasma membrane. Allows amoeba to _____________ and _____________.________________: process of _______________ which amoeba feedLives in ____________ or _________ water and _____________.Most are ______________. Some are ______________Can cause ______________________: Severe diarrhea as a result of _____________________CHANGE SHAPECYTOPLASMMOVEFEEDPHAGOCYTOSISINGESTIONFRESHSALT_____________PSEUDOPODSOILFREE LIVING_____________NUCLEUSPARASITICAMOEBIC DYSENTERYCONTRACTILE VACUOLE_____________UNSANITARY WATERFOOD VACUOLE_______________
11 PARAMECIUMKnown as a _________________ in the phylum _________________.Cilia: short, hair-like structures that cover some or all of the cell surface and help the organism ___________ and ____________ food.Food is swept into the ________________ and sent to the ________________.Food is digested in ___________________._____________________________ control the amount of _______________ inside the cell.Contains two ____________________:________________-controls cell’s structures and activities________________-contain all of cells DNACILIATECILIOPHORAFOOD VACUOLESWIMCAPTUREFOOD VACUOLEORAL GROVEGULLETGULLETFOOD VACUOLEMACRO NUCLEUSORAL GROVE2 CONTRACTILE VACUOLESWATERCILIANUCLEIMACRONUCLEUSWATER VACUOLEMICRONUCLEUS
13 SECTION 19.2 REVIEWName and describe the three basic means of movement used by animal-like protists?2. Describe how the parasite Plasmodium causes disease in humans.3. In what ways are cilia and flagella similar? How do they differ?Why do amoebas form pseudopods only when the need them?
14 ________________ ________________ ________________ ________________ PLANT-LIKE PROTISTAll producers contain __________________ and can make their own _________________.Serveral differences between plants and plant-like protist:All plants are _____________________Animal-like protist can be _____________ or _____________Plants have specialized tissues for _____________________Plant-like protists do not have the same _______________ or __________________________ parts as plantsMany “phytoplankton” are a huge ______________________ for most _____________________ animals.Produce __________________ as a bi-product of photosynthesisCHLOROPHYLLFOODMULTICELLULARMULTICELLULARUNICELLULARROOTS, STEMS, LEAVESTISSUESTHE SAME REPRODUCTIVEFOOD SOURCEACQUATICOXYGEN________________ ________________ ________________ ________________
15 4 EXAMPLES OF PLANT-LIKE PROTIST (all plant-like protist are called ALGAE)______________ _______________ _________________ ______________EUGLENA VOLVOX DIATOM DINOFLAGELLATESingle cell protists that live in a _________: a hollow ball with each protist having a ____________Photosynthetic protist that has many different __________ and a _________, ____________ outer covering.Known as freshwater algae. Move with a ______________Photosynthetic algae with ________ flagella. Causes “_____________” with over population.TWOCOLONYSHAPESFLAGELLAHARDRED TIDETWO PARTFLAGELLA
16 EUGLENAOne of the ______________ group of single-celled organisms that swim with _______________.Most found in _____________ water.Most are ___________________________ because they contain _________________ to produce their own food.Have an _______________ to help them sense ______________ for __________________LARGESTFLAGELLUMFRESHAUTOTROPHICCHLOROPHYLLEYESPOTLIGHTPHOTOSYNTHESIS
17 FLAGELLUM OF INDIVIDUAL CELLS VOLVOXDAUGHTER COLONYSingle-celled plant-like protists that join together to form __________________ in the shape of a _____________________.Inside the parent colony, offspring are formed and known as“______________________”Individual cells have _______________ for mobility.COLONIESHOLLOW BALLINDIVIDUAL CELLSDAUGHTER COLONIESFLAGELLUM OF INDIVIDUAL CELLSFLAGELLAFLAGELLUM
18 DIATOMPlant-like _____________ that are covered with __________________, _____________________.Diatoms produce about ____________ of all the _____________ we breathe.Used in ________________ products.ALGAEA TWO PARTGLASS-LIKE SHELLHALFOXYGENINDUSTRIAL
19 SECTION 19.3 REVIEWGive and example of each of the following: a single-celled, a colonial, and a multi-cellular plant-like protist.2. Many plantlike protists, or algae, reproduce sexually when conditions are harsh. Why might this be beneficial for a species?3. If a multi-cellular organism contains chlorophyll c but no silica, to which phylum does it likely belong?Many biologists argue that the euglenoids should be classified as an animal-like protist rather than a plantlike protist. Explain.
20 FUNGUS-LIKE PROTIST ECOSYSTEM Play an important role in the ______________________ as ________________.Recycle ________________ and _______________ back into the soil for __________________ use.Difference between fungi and fungus-like protist is that fungus-like protist can __________________ during part of their life cycle while fungi ___________________________.DECOMPOSERSNITROGENCARBONPLANTSMOVECAN NOT MOVE
21 EUKARYOTIC UNICELLULAR ANIMAL-LIKE PLANT-LIKE FUNGUS-LIKE PROTISTCharacteristics of Kingdom Protista:_______________________________ _______________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________NICHE:CELLORGANIZATION:MOBILITY:METHODS OF LOCOMOTION:EXAMPLES:EUKARYOTICUNICELLULARANIMAL-LIKEPLANT-LIKEFUNGUS-LIKEPRODUCER (AUTOTROPH)________________ _________________DECOMPOSER (HETEROTROPH)________________ __________________________________________________ _________________CONSUMER (HETEROTROPH)_________________________________UNICELLULAR ORMULTICELLULAR________________UNICELLULARUNICELLULAR________________MOSTDURING CERTAIN POINTS IN LIFECYCLE_____________________________________________SOME________________________________FLAGELLAPSEUDOPODSCILIA_____________________________________________FLAGELLAPSEUDOPODSFLAGELLA_______________________________________ _____________AMOEBA PARAMECIUM_________________________EUGLENA VOLVOX DIATOM_______________SLIME MOLD
22 2. Plant –like protists (Algae). All are producers….contain chlorophyll and can make their own food.Many “phytoplankton” are a huge food source for most aquatic animals1. EuglenachloroplastsFreshwater algaeflagellaeyespotReproduction by fission
23 2. Diatom Salt water algae Also called “brown algae” Photosynthetic protist that has a hard outer covering that looks like ______________________. This material does not decay, and is very useful to other organisms’ diets.Shiny glass-like materialThis gritty material is used in cleaning products.
24 3. Kelp(Brown seaweed)Also called multi-cellular brown algae, and can be eaten for food.The only multi-cellular protistKelp forest off the coast of California in Monterey bay
25 4. DinoflagellatesPhotosynthetic algae that are also classified as red or brown algae.“red tide”Overpopulation can cause _______________ An overproduction of dinoflagellates can cause “pollution” of water. This can effect the quality of water and fish-life in that area. It is cause by a sudden change in water temperature that causes a dramatic increase in dinoflagellate reproduction.
26 Other green algae Volvox Spirogyra Live in colonies known for their spiraling chloroplasts and grow to many centimeters longSpirogyra
27 3. Fungus-like protists Decomposers Grow on decaying material, such as logs and leaves on the forest floor.* Unlike fungus kingdom because of their cell wallThe Potato Famine in Ireland in 1840’s was caused by Phytophthora infestans, fungus-like protist.
28 SECTION 19.4 REVIEWIn what ways are slime molds and water molds similar to fungi?2. Describe how slime molds help other organisms within an ecosystem obtain nutrients.3. Make a three-column chat comparing plasmodial slime molds, cellular slime molds, and water molds.Why doesn’t spraying water on slime molds work to destroy them?
29 PROTIST SUMMARY TRAITS ANIMAL-LIKE PLANT-LIKE FUNGUS-LIKE EUKARYOTIC Protists have many different ___________________. Protists can be classified into ______________________, ______________________, and ______________________ phyla. All protists are ______________________ organisms, most of which are _________________________.Most animal-like protists can __________________, but all need to take in __________________. They can reproduce by _________________, _________________, and/or _________________.Some protists are plantlike. They produce _____________________ to make their own ____________________. As a bi-product, they produce _____________________ as well. These protists are considered the primary __________ ______________ for other organisms. Some will have a _________________________ to help them move about.The protists classified as fungus-like protest include _______________________. They are _______________________ and live off of ______________________.TRAITSANIMAL-LIKEPLANT-LIKEFUNGUS-LIKEEUKARYOTICUNICELLULARMOVE ABOUTFOODFISSIONCONJUGATIONSPORESCHLOROPHYLLFOODOXYGENFOOD SOURCEFLAGELLA