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Monitoring & Management System All materials and information contained in this presentation are Copyright 2001, MESON Fiber Optics, Inc., One Technology.

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Presentation on theme: "Monitoring & Management System All materials and information contained in this presentation are Copyright 2001, MESON Fiber Optics, Inc., One Technology."— Presentation transcript:

1 Monitoring & Management System All materials and information contained in this presentation are Copyright 2001, MESON Fiber Optics, Inc., One Technology Dr., Hallstead, PA Phone: , Fax: ,

2 Important Points of FibreGuard Presentation: Benefits of Optical Monitoring Review of FibreGuard Modules Water Detection Enhanced Network Security and Intrusion Detection FibreGuard and Other Technologies FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

3 MESON Background: Established in 1987 Designer and Manufacturer of Fiber Optic Products: –Installation, Termination, & Test Equipment –LAN/WAN Connectivity Products –Optical Multiplexing (WDM) Equipment –Monitoring and Management = FibreGuard FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

4 Monitoring and Management FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

5 Advantages Of Optical Monitoring –Reduce Network Downtime –Automated Network Maintenance –Track Optical Patterns & Trends (Degradation) –Manage Optical Network Components –Optional Connectivity Modules –Proactively Switch to Backup Fibers –Detection of Water Intrusion –Detection of Network Tampering FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

6 –Warns of Decreasing Optical Signal –View Real-time Optical Levels from Network Operation Center Resolve Technical Support Issues Automated Routine Testing Improve Customer Service –Tracks Degradation of Fiber Plan for Repair of Trouble Backbones FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT Reduce Network Downtime

7 Automated Network Maintenance –Verify Optical Power Levels Without Disconnecting the Network Equipment –Answer These Questions: “Since the network was installed, when was the last time it was taken down for routine testing?” “Has power loss already occurred since installation?” THE NETWORK MAY ALREADY BE CLOSE TO FAILURE ! FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

8 ACTIVE MONITOR –Advance warning of attenuation prevents data loss and allows proactive maintenance to be performed –Continuously samples network optical power level –3 customer-defined alarm level set points –Wide dynamic range in 0.1 dB increments –2, 3, and 4 channel units FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

9 ACTIVE MONITOR & TEST MODULE –Allows intensive cable testing and troubleshooting to be performed without disconnecting equipment –Continuously samples network optical power level –3 customer-defined alarm level set points –Wide dynamic range in 0.1 dB increments FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

10 No Monitoring Active Monitoring FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

11 Network Segmentation –Detects problems in customer equipment and fiber jumpers. –Differentiates “Customer” faults from “Network” faults –Eliminates the expense of unnecessary visits to the customer site. –Increases level of customer service FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

12 DIAGRAM - SEGMENTATION

13 Track Optical Trends –Power Level History Reporting –Graphical Analysis of Power over Time –Warns That Power Levels are Approaching the Receiver’s Minimum Sensitivity –Analysis of Fiber and Component Degradation FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

14 FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT Baseline Power Level Link Terminated Link is Restored - with Degraded Optical Power Device Fails - Optical Tap Inserted

15 Manage Optical Network Components –Locations of Equipment, Splices, etc. –Manufacturers, Model Numbers, etc. –Equipment Optical Specifications –Emergency Call-Out Information –Display of Maps / Documentation FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

16 FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT Optical Switching –Disaster Recovery –Proactively Diverts Signal Can Switch to Backup BEFORE Signal Loss Occurs Prevent Network Outages –Use on Devices with no Redundancy FibreChannel / Storage Area Networks (SAN’s) Ethernet & FDDI / Local Area Networks –Use for Sites Not Protected by SONET Fabric –Allows for More Intensive Backbone Maintenance

17 FIBRE DIVERTER MODULE –Combines active monitoring with optical switching –Eliminates physical single point of failure –Service link is protected by an optical backup path –No distance limitation –Protocol Independent FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

18 The FibreGuard ‘System’ FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

19 How to Install FibreGuard Monitoring? –Mount Chassis Using 4 Screws –Connect Power Input –Connect Cable from Chassis to Software –Disconnect Fiber Input to Network Device and Connect to Monitor Card –Connect Fiber Cable from Monitor Card to Network Device –MONITORING IS STARTED ! FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

20 Hardware Required: –Chassis –Power Supply –System Control Unit –User Modules Depending Upon Needs: Monitor Cards Optical Switching Converters Repeaters WDM FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

21 SYSTEM CONTROL UNIT –Interface between the mon- itoring units in the chassis and the N.O.C. software –Can communicate with up to two chassis’ –Dual serial ports for independent monitoring from two sites (e.g. customer and provider) FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

22 SYSTEM EXPANSION UNIT –Extends monitoring to multiple chassis’ –Utilizes standard CAT5 cabling FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

23 FibreGuard is Much More than a Monitoring System: Dark Fiber Monitoring Active Network Cards –WDM / DWDM –LAN to WAN/MAN Connectivity –Repeaters –Amplifiers / Link Extenders Water Detection Enhanced Network Security FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

24 CONVERTER MODULES –Converts short haul (MM) transmission from LAN device into long haul (SM) output –Provides connectivity between customer equip- ment and provider network –Extends distance limitations of most equipment up to 70+ KM FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

25 WDM MODULES –Bi-directional communication over a single fiber –Device communicates on one fiber instead of two –Cuts the fiber count requirement in half –Available in an extended range output model FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

26 REPEATER MODULE –Extends the distance between active network elements –Tested to 100+ KM –Protocol Independent FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

27 The FibreGuard System can be Expanded for Resolution of Complex Network Problems: Disaster Recovery Equipment with narrow optical specifications (Such as SUN Microsystems SAN equipment.) Connectivity between Customer’s multimode equipment and Provider’s singlemode network FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

28 DIAGRAM - SWITCH, MONITOR, MM-SM

29 FibreGuard ARRAY DURING LAB TESTING

30 Water Detection FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

31 How Does Water Effect Fiber? –Deteriorates Splices –Bonds Directly with Glass Impurities in Water By-product of Chemical Reaction with Strength Member –Resulting Change in the Fiber’s Refractive Property Allows Light to Escape –Situation Gets Worse Over Time Until Minimum Receiver Sensitivity is Reached and Network Fails FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

32 Methods of Water Intrusion Into Splice Case –Improper Assembly During Installation –Cut or Break in Cable Jacket –Settling of Manhole or Splice Case FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

33 CLADDING: Chemically-Engineered Coating which keeps light inside the core. (Higher Index of Refraction) CORE: Portion of fiber which transmits the optical signal Effect of Water on Fiber FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

34 Effect of Water on Fiber FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

35 WATER INFILTRATION Effect of Water on Fiber FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

36 WATER INFILTRATION Effect of Water on Fiber FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

37 CLADDING DEGRADES FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT Effect of Water on Fiber

38 Deteriorated cladding can no longer contain the light within the fiber core Effect of Water on Fiber FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

39 Effect of Water on Fiber FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

40 Light escapes from fiber resulting in data loss or link failure Effect of Water on Fiber FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

41 Why Monitor for Water Intrusion? –Unlike Copper Cables, Fiber May Take Months or Years to Fail –Water Intrusion Into Active Fiber Splice Cases is Detectable ONLY by Monitoring –Dielectric Fiber Cables Prevent Use of Sheath or Strength Member as Detection Method FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

42 How to Monitor for Water: –Install HydroSensor on a Dedicated Fiber in Each Splice Case –Connect Laser Source to One End of Link –Connect Active or Dark Monitor Module to Other End of Link –System Monitors the Link in Real-Time for Water Infiltration and Other Events FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

43

44 Alternative : –Wait for link to fail and customers to call with service outage or disruption FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

45 Enhanced Security & Intrusion Detection FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

46 “The level to which a program or device is safe from unauthorized use.” SECURITY DEFINED: -American Heritage Dictionary FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

47 Is There a Security Need? Many Documented Network Attacks State of Minnesota , Defense Info. Systems Networks , U.S. Navy , NASA , Pentagon by Israeli Teenager , 3 U.S. Government Agencies by Chinese , plus many, many more, and unknown number undisclosed Network is Vulnerable at the Physical Layer PDD 62/63 Presidential Directive stating that all government and commercial computer systems should have secured information infrastructure by Directly addresses interconnected physical infrastructure vulnerabilities. 120 Nations Have Information Warfare Programs Defense and information security experts estimation. Most prominent international espionage perpetrators against the U.S.: France, Germany, Israel, China, South Korea. This problem is equally apparent in the corporate world. NSA Statement: “#1 Security issue is telecom and network security breaches” FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

48 FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT The Myth: Fiber Is Untappable? –Network’s Physical Layer is Unprotected –Non-Intrusive Tap can be Placed in the Network Without Knowledge of N.O.C. –Passive ‘Y-Tap’ Can Be Inserted During Routine or Deliberate Outages Without Knowledge of N.O.C. –Commercially-available Fiber Identifiers Sample or ‘Tap’ the Network Without Detection

49 Non-Intrusive Tap Demo FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT Passive Tap & Printer Data Generator FibreGuard System Palm III Terminal

50 MESON RS232 Data Generator FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT Simulates Transmitting Network Device Outputs ASCII Data Stream: “SX1200 OPTICAL LINK TEST Ver. 1.0” Multimode Optical Output

51 Palm III ‘Terminal’ and T&B O/E Converter FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT Simulates Receiving Network Device T&B Converter Receives Optical Signal and converts to Serial Data. Palm III Terminal Program Displays Data Stream Received by T&B Unit: “SX1200 OPTICAL LINK TEST Ver. 1.0” Multimode Optical Input

52 MESON Non-Intrusive Tap & Line Printer FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT Passively Intercepts Transmitted Data Does Not Disrupt Optical Signal to Receiver (T&B / Palm III Terminal) Low-Loss Tap Constructed of Off- the-Shelf Components for Less Than $100 Line Printer Outputs Data Stream Obtained by Tap Without Monitoring, Tap is Undetectable

53 Financial Institutions Corporations (End-user) Government Education Internet Service Providers Medical Facilities Utilities Who is Implementing Security ? FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

54 Where to Implement Security? Application Layer Transport Layer Network Layer Datalink Laye r Physical Layer - Protection at the outermost layer FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

55 THE SOLUTION –Senses Losses as Slight as 0.1dB –‘HIGH ALARM’ Monitors for Optical Injection –Measures Down to -45 dBm –Any Fiber Bend Readily Detected –Can Even ‘See’ Attenuation Caused by Fiber Identifiers and Similar Devices FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

56 FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT THE SYSTEM’S ENHANCED SECURITY FEATURES ARE PART OF EACH ACTIVE MONITOR MODULE. THERE IS NO NEED TO PURCHASE ADDITIONAL EQUIPMENT OR SOFTWARE !

57 Monitors More of the Network Monitors Faster Can Detect Gradual Degradation More Effectively Expands Easily Costs LESS Advantages of FibreGuard Versus OTDR-based Monitoring Systems FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

58 FibreGuard - A Better Way to Monitor Monitored Not Monitored FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

59 FibreGuard Monitors in ‘Real-time’ Readings are performed locally in module Does not utilize an optical switch Monitors Faster FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

60 Degradation and Gradual Attenuation is Often Not Recognized by an OTDR as a Failure See Article in Outside Plant Magazine Detects Degradation Better FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

61 Network Equipment Building Standards (NEBS) Certification Underwriters Laboratory (UL) Safety Certification U.S. Federal Communication Commission (FCC) 47 CFR Part 15 Endorsed by U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) Approved by Worldcom, SUN Microsystems, IBM, Compaq and others FibreGuard has been Accepted and Recognized by : FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT

62 Bank Paribas British Cabinet Office Business Net Citigroup Credit Suisse Deutsche-Morgan Grenfell Energis Telecommunications Fibrenet Gartmore Investments J.P. Morgan London Clearing House Merrill Lynch MCI Worldcom Metropolitan Fibre Systems RABO Bank Salomon Brothers Warburgs CUSTOMER LISTING

63 FibreGuard: Your network’s best defense against damage and data loss due to intrusion, environmental, and accidental events…... …from MESON Fiber Optics ! FIBER OPTIC MONITORING & MANAGEMENT


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