Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

SQL Server Disaster Recovery Chris Shaw Sr. SQL Server DBA, Xtivia Inc.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "SQL Server Disaster Recovery Chris Shaw Sr. SQL Server DBA, Xtivia Inc."— Presentation transcript:

1 SQL Server Disaster Recovery Chris Shaw Sr. SQL Server DBA, Xtivia Inc.

2 Christopher Shaw  Microsoft SQL Server MVP     SQL PASS Regional Mentor  Contributing Author for 3 SQL Server Books (working on 4 th )  A full time VDBA 2

3 3 Success Requires Planning  Start planning now.  Document your plan, and update regularly.  Create hard copies and soft copies of your plan, keep a copy of your plan with your backups.  Predetermine layers of recovery. Tip – Have increased understanding of your business and goals as a whole and not just the task goal. Maximize resource usage.

4 4 Define “Disaster” Tip – Your company servers don’t know the difference between a fire, a flood or a bad disk drive. A crash is a just a crash. Down is simply down. Anything impacting the availability of your data.  Human Error  Storage Failure  Power Failure  Memory Failure  Natural disasters  The cable guy down the street

5 5 Define “Disaster” Tip – Your company servers don’t know the difference between a fire, a flood or a bad disk drive. A crash is a just a crash.  Your company is much more likely to experience a hardware issue than a natural disaster.  76% of effected businesses have not been impacted by a natural disaster.  Most common cause of system failures is HARDWARE.  Annual disk replacements have been documented as high as 13%.  Inside attacks and user error account for the majority of business downtime.  70% of all successful attacks on networks were carried out by employees and insiders.  Disaster “downtime” can co$t your company  Companies lose an average of $84,000 for each hour of downtime.

6 Do you remember this? 6

7 7 The Two Design Questions  Define the Goal – What is:  RTO – Recovery Time Objective. The Amount of acceptable downtime  RPO – Recovery Point Objective. The Amount of maximum data loss. Tip –This is planning for worst case scenario. No one wants to say they can be down for extended periods of time, or lose any data. Yet over aggressive goals can increase the cost of your solution.

8 8 The Keys to Success  Identify the Resources  Define the Budget  Evaluate costs of downtime to cost of high availability. What is it worth?  Compliance Requirements (HIPA, SOX, SSAE 16 etc.) Tip –This is planning for worst case scenario. No one wants to say they can be down for extended periods of time, or lose any data. Yet over aggressive goals can increase the cost of your solution.

9 Outage Types

10 Possible Site Outages Technology Options  Transaction Log Shipping  Mirror  AlwaysOn Potential Examples: Natural disaster, Fire, Flood, Global emergency, Power Outages. Effect all levels

11 Possible Hardware Outages Technology Options  Redundant Hardware  RAID  Windows Clustering  Transaction Log Shipping  Geo – Cluster  Mirror  AlwaysOn Potential Examples: Storage issue, bad drive, memory crash, power supply

12 Possible Database Outages Technology Options  Backup / Restore  Transaction Log Backups  Database Snapshots  Snapshot Replication  Snapshots  Transaction Log Shipping  Geo – Cluster  Mirror  AlwaysOn Potential Examples: Human error, bug, bad release

13 13 $ Automated failover Fail back Latency Secondary Readable Multiple Secondary Outside objects Potential Data Loss Failover Time Cost Transaction Log Shipping Database Backup s True Require Configuration Based on Backups Slow Inexpensive False Based on Backups Yes, with restrictions Tip – Great inexpensive way to have a DR copy and a reporting server. However requires a lot of added configuration, and failback requires reconfiguration.

14 Transactional Replication $ Automated failover Fail back Latency Secondary Readable Multiple Secondary Outside objects Potential Data Loss Failover Time Cost True Require Configuration Based on Configuration Slow Inexpensive False Based on Agents Yes Database Copy Distributor

15 Clusters Two or more servers that act as one $ Automated failover Fail back Latency Secondary Readable Multiple Secondary Outside objects Potential Data Loss Failover Time Cost False Move with database Small Fast ( 5 seconds +) Expensive True None No Tip – Does a great job of protecting you from hardware issues. However if the storage fails your database will go down.

16 Mirroring Similar to Replication $ Automated failover Fail back Latency Secondary Readable Multiple Secondary Outside objects Potential Data Loss Failover Time Cost False Requires Manual Configuration Small Fast (Dependent on connection) Varies on Configuration True Varies on Configuration No Database Witness Tip – Great option for companies that don’t run standard edition.

17 AlwaysOn Availability Groups $ Automated failover Fail back Latency Secondary Readable Multiple Secondary Outside objects Potential Data Loss Failover Time Cost True Partial Small Fast (Dependent on connection) Most Expensive Varies on Configuration True Varies on Configuration Yes Database Tip – Ideal for companies that want to make use of all the resources they have however the cost is larger than other solutions

18 DR Options Matrix 1 - Objects required outside of database need to be preconfigured 2 - Consider the failover to be one way. To go back to original hardware reconfig and failover required 3 - Not 100% some items may need to be pre-configured 4 – Common misconception 5 – Feature is going to be removed from SQL Server in future editions to be replaced by AlwaysOn

19  There is no single cookie cutter solution that will fit every companies needs.  Technology changes, offering new solutions with each release.  Businesses grow, and requirements change.  Building without testing and updating is similar to not doing anything at all.  The shorter the latency the greater likelihood to propagate corruption. Increased latency increases data loss potential Past Experience

20 20 Contact XTIVIA Today Phone: Website:

21 Thank You for Your Time… Questions?


Download ppt "SQL Server Disaster Recovery Chris Shaw Sr. SQL Server DBA, Xtivia Inc."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google