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P RETERITE T ENSE. Preterite Tense Preterite is one of two indicative past tenses Conjugation method is same as present tense – Identify type of infinitive.

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Presentation on theme: "P RETERITE T ENSE. Preterite Tense Preterite is one of two indicative past tenses Conjugation method is same as present tense – Identify type of infinitive."— Presentation transcript:

1 P RETERITE T ENSE

2 Preterite Tense Preterite is one of two indicative past tenses Conjugation method is same as present tense – Identify type of infinitive (-AR, -ER, -IR) – Drop the last two letters from infinitive – Add the endings that correspond to the subject ARER / IR éamosíimos asteasteisisteisteis óaronióieron

3 Preterite Tense Preterite is one of two indicative past tenses Conjugation method is same as present tense – Identify type of infinitive (-AR, -ER, -IR) – Drop the last two letters from infinitive – Add the endings that correspond to the subject ARHABLAR éamoshabléhablamos asteasteishablastehablasteis óaronhablóhablaron

4 Preterite Tense Preterite is one of two indicative past tenses Conjugation method is same as present tense – Identify type of infinitive (-AR, -ER, -IR) – Drop the last two letters from infinitive – Add the endings that correspond to the subject ER/IRCOMER íimoscomícomimos isteisteiscomistecomisteis ióióieroncomiócomieron

5 Preterite Tense - Spelling Changes The preterite does not stem change like the present The preterite does have several spelling changes Some ER/IR verbs follow “Old McDonald” in which any sequence of e-i-e-i-o will change the i to y CREER creícreímos creístecreísteis creyócreyeron LEER leíleímos leísteleísteis leyóleyeron

6 Preterite Tense - Spelling Changes The preterite does not stem change like the present The preterite does have several spelling changes IR verbs with a present tense stem change will undergo a half-change in the third person PEDIR pedípedimos pedistepedisteis pidiópidieron DORMIR dormídormimos dormistedormisteis durmiódurmieron

7 Preterite Tense - Spelling Changes The preterite does not stem change like the present The preterite does have several spelling changes Some AR verbs have a spelling change in the yo form -car infinitives need to preserve the hard /k/ sound buscar /k/like cargo buscé /s/like cerveza busqué /k/like queso BUSCAR busquébuscamos buscaste buscóbuscaron

8 Preterite Tense - Spelling Changes The preterite does not stem change like the present The preterite does have several spelling changes Some AR verbs have a spelling change in the yo form -gar infinitives need to preserve the hard /g/ sound pagar /g/like garaje pagé /x/like gente pagué /g/like guerra PAGAR paguépagamos pagaste pagópagaron

9 Preterite Tense - Spelling Changes The preterite does not stem change like the present The preterite does have several spelling changes Some AR verbs have a spelling change in the yo form -zar infinitives need to preserve a unique /s/ sound empezar /s/ like zarpar empezé /ś/ (archaic) empecé /s/like centavo EMPEZAR empecéempezamos empezaste empezóempezaron

10 Preterite Tense - Irregular There are eight or so irregulars whose endings can usually be distilled from the regular endings AR REGULAR ER / IR éamosíimos aste iste óaronióieron IRREGULAR eimos iste oieron

11 Preterite Tense - Irregular There are eight or so irregulars whose endings can usually be distilled from the regular endings These irregular preterites also have different stems: IRREGULAR PRETERITE hacerhic-tenertuv-dard- poderpud-estarestuv-verv- ponerpus- sabersup-eimosi quererquis-iste venirvin-oieronioieron decirdij- traertraj-

12 Preterite Tense - Irregular There are eight or so irregulars whose endings can usually be distilled from the regular endings These irregular preterites also have different stems For example: DAR didimos diste diodieron HACER hicehicimos hiciste hizohicieron Note that hacer changes from c to z in the 3 rd person to preserve its sound. Other verbs do not have to do this.

13 Preterite Tense - Irregular There are eight or so irregulars whose endings can usually be distilled from the regular endings These irregular preterites also have different stems For example (note these in particular): SER & IR (a) fuifuimos fuiste fuefueron (ESTAR) & TENER (es)tuve(es)tuvimos (es)tuviste (es)tuvo(es)tuvieron


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