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The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Spanish has many tenses and other forms for verbs, but the endings attached to the “stem” are generally short. The Present.

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Presentation on theme: "The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Spanish has many tenses and other forms for verbs, but the endings attached to the “stem” are generally short. The Present."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Spanish has many tenses and other forms for verbs, but the endings attached to the “stem” are generally short. The Present Subjunctive is one more “form” of the verb. Look at the following present subjunctive form for all six persons. Which Spanish verb do they correspond to? hablehablemos hableshabléis hablehablen

2 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Right, the verb “hablar”. Except for the “yo” form, you must recognize the endings! Think of this as a trick! -AR verbs use the endings of –ER verbs! It almost looks like there is a verb “habler” in Spanish, but there isn’t. habl -ehabl -emos habl -eshabl -éis habl -ehabl -en

3 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish We’ve already used the tú form hables! Where? Right, for the negative tú commands! That doesn’t at all mean that this command is a subjunctive, but we can say that this command uses one of the six “subjunctive forms”. hablehablemos hableshabléis hablehablen

4 The Familiar Command So, no hables means “don’t speak”, for example when being bossy to a gabby friend. (Note that the opposite command, habla is NOT a subjunctive form.) hablehablemos hableshabléis hablehablen

5 The Formal Command Well, guess what! The formal command uses a subjunctive form when you want to shut your professor up, for example: Profesor, por favor no hable. hablehablemos hableshabléis hablehablen

6 The Formal Command But beware, even with the por favor it may come across as an impolite sentence, even though the command is grammatically “polite”. To make amends, you may want to order the opposite: Profesor, por favor hable. hablehablemos hableshabléis hablehablen

7 The Formal Command So, the third person singular form provides you with both a positive and a negative command to use, for example with people of authority with whom you’d probably not expect to give commands anyway. But there are situations, for example someone may be in danger! pareparemos paresparéis ¡Pare!paren

8 The Formal Command Remember to place any direct, indirect or reflexive pronouns in their correct place, and put an accent mark whenever the stress of the word ends up on the third syllable from the end: ¡Búsquelo! ¡No lo bailes! ¡Lávese!

9 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Let’s leave the topic on formal commands on the “back burner”. Hablemos de esos más tarde. Let’s first understand how to get the Present Subjunctive forms for any verb. Let’s start with the –AR verbs. (The following conjugation looks like a prayer:) ameamemos amesaméis ameamen

10 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Here are the steps: Step 1: Take the present tense “yo” form you are familiar with and chop off the “o” ending. habl

11 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Step 2: If we have an –AR verb, then add the familiar present tense endings for –ER verbs. For the new yo form, use the third person singular (él) form. hablehablemos hableshabléis hablehablen

12 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Let’s generalize Step 2 to any verb: Step 2: If we have an –AR verb, then add the familiar present tense endings for –ER verbs. If we don’t have an –AR verb, then add the –AR endings. For the new yo form, use the third person singular (él) form. escribaescribamos escribasescribáis escribaescriban

13 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Wow! Looks like there’s a verb escribar in Spanish, but really there isn’t. escribaescribamos escribasescribáis escribaescriban

14 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Because of this rule, any stem-changes that occur in the familiar present tense also occur in the present subjunctive… piensepensemos piensespenséis piensepiensen

15 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish …and any verb that has an irregular yo form in the familiar present tense, has an irregular subjunctive form for all persons. salgasalgamos salgassalgáis salgasalgan

16 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Careful to make the usual spelling changes that keeps the sound of the last consonant of the stem intact! jueguejuguemos jueguesjuguéis jueguejueguen

17 The Present Subjunctive in Spanish Now that we know how to get the subjunctive forms, let us see how we can use the ellos form for something. salgasalgamos salgassalgáis salgasalgan

18 The Plural Formal Command If all the cabinet ministers of the president of some South American democracy invade your home at night, you may say: ¡Salgan de aquí! salgasalgamos salgassalgáis salgasalgan

19 The Present Subjunctive “Form” So, we’ve made use of several of the subjunctive forms WITHOUT using the SUBJUNCTIVE. In the next presentation, we will be using the SUBJUNCTIVE. salgasalgamos salgassalgáis salgasalgan

20 The Present Subjunctive “Form” What use does the nosotros subjunctive form have without using it as a SUBJUNCTIVE? ¡Salgamos de aquí! (shouted out by a Minister of Education) salgasalgamos salgassalgáis salgasalgan


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